MOD C UNIT 1 VOCAB

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Author:
jmejamison
ID:
79146
Filename:
MOD C UNIT 1 VOCAB
Updated:
2011-04-12 16:25:16
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DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
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DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
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  1. The term for "the process of chewing"?
    Mastication
  2. The term for "process of swallowing"?
    Deglutition
  3. The wavelike movement that propels food through the alimentary canal is known as?
    Peristalsis
  4. Term for "near the ear"?
    Parotid
  5. Term for "under the lower jaw"?
    Submandibular
  6. Term for "under the tongue"?
    Sublingual
  7. Or/o
    Oral Cavity
  8. Dent/i; ordont/o
    Teeth
  9. Proct/o
    Rectum and anus
  10. Enter/o
    Small intestines
  11. Gastr/o
    Stomach
  12. 4 parts of the colon? Which one is often not listed as parts of the colon?
    • Ascending colon
    • Transverse colon
    • Descending colon
    • Sigmoid colon (often not referred to as part of the colon)
  13. Cholecyst/o
    Gallbladder
  14. Hepat/o
    Liver
  15. -pepsia
    Digestion
  16. The material expelled from vomiting is called what?
    Emesis or Vomitus
  17. The vomiting of blood is called what?
    Hematemesis
  18. Bright red, frank lower GI bleeding from the rectum that may originate in the distal colon. Passage of bloody stools.
    Hematochezia
  19. Black, tarry stools caused by the presence of partially digested blood?
    Melena
  20. Esophagus that ends in a blind pouch and there for lacks an opening into the stomach?
    Esophageal atresia
  21. -tresia
    Condition of an opening
  22. Flowing back, or return, of the contents of the stomach to the esophagus caused by the inability of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to contract normally?
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  23. Development of diverticula, pouches in the lining of the colon?
    Diverticulosis
  24. Varicose vein in the lower rectum or anus?
    Hemorrhoid
  25. Obstruction.
    Ileus
  26. Lack of peristaltic movement in the intestinal tract?
    Paralytic ileus
  27. Benign growth that may occur in the intestines?
    Polyp
  28. Inflammation of the gallbladder?
    Cholecystitis
  29. Inflammatory disease of the liver that is caused by an increasing number of viruses, alcohol, and drugs. Types A-G means viral infection transmission is not the same for each form?
    Hepatitis

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