chap 22

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Author:
mariamv77060
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79202
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chap 22
Updated:
2011-04-12 20:05:49
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muscles
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definitions
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  1. movement away from the body
    abduction
  2. a neotransmitter released by the parasympathetic nerves onto organs and glands for resting and digesting
    acetylcholine
  3. an enzyme within the nervous system that hydrolyzes acetylcholine to acetate and coline
    acetycholinesterase
  4. movement toward the body
    adduction
  5. a process that requires large amounts of oxygen and uses glucose to make ATP
    aerobic respiration
  6. prime mover
    agonist
  7. a muscle that produces a movement opposite to the prime mover
    atagonist
  8. a tough, sheet like structure that is made of fibrous connective tissue, It typically attaches muscles to other muscles
    aponeurosis
  9. A life threating type of type of food poisoning that results from eating improperly canned or preserved foods that been contaminated witht the bacterium clostridium botulinum
    botulism
  10. moving a body part in a circle
    circumduction
  11. a protein that stores extra phospate groups
    creatine phospate
  12. the lowering of the body
    depression
  13. pointing the toes upward
    dorsiflexion
  14. the raising of the body
    elevation
  15. a connective tissue covering that surrounds individual muscle cells
    endomysium
  16. a thin covering that is just deep to the fascia of a muscle. it surrounds the entire muscle.
    epimysium
  17. turning the sole of the foot laterally
    eversion
  18. an unbending or straightening movement of the two elements of a jointed body part
    extension
  19. a structure that covers entire skeletal muscles and separates them from each other
    fascia
  20. sections of a muscle divided by connective tissue called perimyslum
    fascicle
  21. extension of a body part past the normal anatomic position
    hyperextension
  22. an attachment site ofa skeletal muscle that moves when a muscle contracts
    insertion
  23. citric acid cycle. this cycle genterates atp for muscle cells
    krebs cycle
  24. a waste product that must be released from the cell. It is prooduced when a cell is low on oxygen and converts pyruvicacid
    lactic acid
  25. a type of smooth muscle that is found in the iris of the eye and in the walls of blood vessels
    multi unit smooth muscle
  26. a condition causeed by a buildup of lactic acid
    muscle fatigue
  27. muscle cells that are called fibers because of their long lengths
    muscle fiber
  28. a group of inherited disorders characterized by a loss of muscle tissue & by muscle weakness
    myasthenia gravis
  29. muscle cells also called muscle fibers
    myocytes
  30. long structures that fill the sarcoplasm of a muscle fiber
    myofibrils
  31. a pigment contained in muscle cells that stores extra oxygen
    myoglobin
  32. a neurotransmitter released by symphatic neurons onto organs and glands for fight or fight (stressful situations)
    norepinephrine
  33. an attachment site of a skeletal muscle that does not move when skeletal muscles are used strenuosly for a minute or two.
    origin
  34. a condition that develops when skeletal muscles are used strenuosly for a minute or two
    oxygen debt
  35. the connective tissue that divides a muscle into sections called fascicles.
    perimysium
  36. the rythmic muscular contractions that move a substance through a tract, such as food through the digestive tract and the ovum through the fallopian tube.
    peristalsis
  37. pointing the toes downward
    plantar flexion
  38. the muscle responsible for most of the movement when a movement is produced by a group of muscles
    prime mover
  39. turning the palms of the hand downward
    pronation
  40. moving a body part posteriorly
    retraction
  41. a condition in which the kidneys have been damaged due to toxins released from muscle cells
    rhabdomyolysis
  42. twisting a body part
    rotation
  43. the cell membrane of a muscle fiber
    sarcolemma
  44. the cytoplasm of a muscle fiber
    sarcoplasm
  45. the endoplasmic reticulam of a muscle fiber
    sarcoplasmic reticulum
  46. a valve-like structure formed from circular bands of muscle sphincters are located around various body openings and passages
    sphincter
  47. bands produced from the arrangement of fillaments in myofibrils in skeletal and cardiac muscle cells
    striations
  48. turning the palrm of the hand upward
    supination
  49. muscles that help the prime mover by stabilizing joints
    synergist
  50. a cord like fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone
    tendon
  51. inflammation of a tendon
    tendonitis
  52. a disease caused by clostrodium titani living in the soil, water, more commonly called lockjaw
    tetanus
  53. a muscular disease causing a cervical deformity in which the head bends toward the affected side while the chin rotates to the opposite side
    torticollis
  54. a disease caused by a worm that is usually ingested from undercooked meat
    trichinosis
  55. a type of smooth muscle containing sheets of muscle that dosely contact each other.it is found in the walls of hollow organs such as the stomach, intestines, bladder and uterus
    visceral smooth muscle

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