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Opium comes from the plant
Opium comes from the poppy plant Papaver somniferum.
Morphone is one of the active ingredients in opium.
Heroin was first made illegal by the 1965Drug Abuse Control Amendment.
All opiates were brought under legal control by the 1914 Harrison Narcotic Act.
Use of "dirty" needles is now one of the major causes of AIDS.
Most designer heroin compunds are less potent than pure heroin.
Designer heroin compounds may be 10 to 1,000 times more potent than pure heroin. Thus, the risk of overdose is greater.
The opiates are among the most powerful analgesic drugs.
Heroin enhances sexual desire and activity.
Heroin inhibits sexual arousal.
Opiate drugs show cross-dependence with alcohol.
Alcohol does not eliminate the symptoms of opiate withdrawal.
Heroin withdrawal is much like alcohol withdrawal.
Opiate withdrawal does not include delirium tremens but rather is characterized by flu and cold symptoms.
Veterans of the Vietnam War had a high rate of heroin addiction and were unable to kick the habit when they returned to the United States.
Most veterans were able to quit using heroin when they returned to their home environment.
The effects of opiates are synergistic with those of alcohol.
The expression "cold turkey" comes from the "goosebumps" seen in addicts withdrawing from heroin.
chapter10 true or false