IV Meds

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
79239
Filename:
IV Meds
Updated:
2011-04-18 18:58:11
Tags:
Paramedic IV Meds
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Description:
IV / Med Quiz
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  1. To promote absorption of a medication following injection:
    Massage the site briefly
  2. When administering an intramuscular injection, insert the needle at a 90-degree angle while the skin is:
    Held Taut
  3. Subcutaneous injections can be given with a:
    23 gage needle
  4. The primary unit of mass in the apocathery system is :
    Grain
  5. A chemical agent that is used only on nonliving objects and that is toxic to living tissue is a(n) __________________ agent.
    Disinfectant
  6. When choosing a location for venipuncture, choose the most suitable:
    Distal vein
  7. You have started a central IV line on a critical patient and are en route to the hospital. Just as you notice the IV tubing has accidentally disconnected from the catheter, your patient becomes cyanotic, weak, and dyspneic, has a rapid pulse, and begins to lose consciousness. You suspect the patient is experiencing:
    An air embolism
  8. A glass container that holds one dose of medication and has a glass top that must be snapped off is a(n):
    Ampule
  9. The proper technique for mixing two compatible medications into one syringe for injection includes:
    Carefully aspirating the medications without injecting them back into the vial
  10. The most common reason for a paramedic to obtain a blood sample in the field is for:
    Glucose testing
  11. A potential hazard associated with parenteral medication administration is:
  12. Cellulitis or abscess formation
  13. A Port-a-Cath is an example of a(n):
    PICC line
  14. When withdrawing medication from a glass ampule:
    Wrap the neck of the glass ampule with an alcohol swab or gauze
  15. How would you position a child for rectal drug administration?
    Lying in the lateral recumbent position with legs flexed
  16. A filter needle should be used when withdrawing medication from a(n):
    Ampule
  17. Clean techniques used in the field:
    Focus on destroying pathogens
  18. Sterilization is recommended for:
    Instrumants or devices that break the skin
  19. Pneumothorax as a complication most often occurs from cannulating the
    Internal Jugular Vein
  20. Large lumen needles have:
    Small numbers e.g. 12 gage
  21. You are instructed to administer an intravenous (IV) medication to a patient by medical direction. As you prepare to administer a medication from your drug box, you observe it is discolored and cloudy. Your best course of action is to:
    Never administer a medication that is discolored or cloudy
  22. The forearm and back are common sites for:
    Intradermal injections
  23. When administering an injection into the dorsogluteal muscle, imagine 4 quadrants on the buttock and inject into the:
    Upper outer quadrant
  24. The metric unit for linear measurement is:
    the meter
  25. A microdrip administration set delivers:
    60 drops /ml
  26. The use of equipment and fields that are free of all forms and types of life is called:
    Sterile Technique
  27. The unit of measure most commonly used to measure body organs is the:
    Centimeter
  28. A suppository is a medication designed for:
    Rectal administration
  29. A chemical agent that is used on living tissue and that is diluted to prevent cell damage is a(n) _________________ agent.
    Antiseptic
  30. The metric unit for volume is the:
    Liter
  31. Before administering a medication through an orogastric or nasogastric tube, the paramedic must:
    Verify correct placement of the tube
  32. Correct location of injection into gluteal muscle will avoid the closely located:
    Sciatic nerve
  33. To deliver a subcutaneous injection, you should:
    Insert the needle at a 45-degree angle
  34. You are called to the scene of a 4-year-old male who was struck by a van. The child is in cardiopulmonary arrest. You have attempted peripheral IV access three times without success. Your best course of action for administration of fluids and medications in this situation is with a(n):
    Intraosseous infusion
  35. The use of a face shield is indicated when administering
    Endotracheal (ET) medications
  36. The unit of measurement most commonly used in the medical community is the
    Metric system
  37. Asthma patients are commonly prescribed medications, such as albuterol, terbutaline, and isoetharine, that are administered by means of a:
    Metered-dose inhaler
  38. An injection commonly used for allergy testing, in which the injection is made just below the epidermis, is called:
    Intradermal injection
  39. You have just administered an IV medication to your patient that was prepared for you by your paramedic partner. After administering the medication, you realize your partner prepared the wrong medication. You must:
    Immediately advise medical direction and carefully monitor the patient for effects of the medication
  40. The single most important measure that can be taken to reduce the risk of transmitting organisms from one person to another is:
    Hand washing
  41. Liquid or solid particles of a substance dispersed in a gas or solution and given as medications are:
    Aerosol medications
  42. One liter equals
    1,000 mL
  43. The five patient rights of drug administration are right patient, right dose, right medication, right route, and right:
    Time
  44. The normal body temperature is:
    37 degrees
  45. When reconstituting dry powders for injection:
    Thoroughly mix the diluent and powder in the closed vial
  46. When administering a drug via the endotracheal tube:
    Increase the dose by 2 to 2.5 times the IV dose
  47. Removal or destruction of disease-causing organisms or infected material is known as:
    Medical asepsis
  48. 1 gram is equal to ___________________ micrograms.
    1,000,000
  49. Which of the following is a site used for central venous cannulation?
    Subclavian vein
  50. Which of the following is a systemic complication associated with peripheral intravenous therapy?
    Pulmonary embolism
  51. The incidence of embolism and infection is greatest at the IV site of the:
    Saphenous vein
  52. Administration of a buccal medication means that the medication is placed
    Between the patient's cheek and gum
  53. Lysol is an example of a(n):
    Disinfectant
  54. The kilogram is equal to:
    2.2 pounds
  55. The "sixth patient right" of medication administration is:
    Correct and thorough documentation of the medication administered
  56. The most commonly used route of medication administration is:
    Oral
  57. The technique of giving an IV medication in less than 1 to 3 minutes through an IV line is called an IV:
    Bolus
  58. Tuberculin syringes are marked in:
    0.01-mL gradient
  59. The site most commonly used in the prehospital setting to start a peripheral IV is the:
    Upper extremity
  60. When injecting into the deltoid muscle, care must be taken to avoid hitting the:
    Radial nerve
  61. Your paramedic partner has just finished discussing a medication order with the medical director of your base hospital. Your paramedic partner draws up the medication and hands you the syringe of medication to administer to the patient. You know you must:
    Never administer an unlabeled medication prepared by another person
  62. 64
    What is the minimum length of time you should monitor a patient after administering a medication?
    5 minutes
  63. An emergency medication that paramedics administer via a gastric tube
    Activated Charcoal
  64. When documenting parenteral medications, you must document medication, dosage, time, route, and the:
    Site of injection
  65. A glass or plastic container with a rubber stopper that holds multiple medication doses for injection is a(n):
    Vial
  66. A patient weighing 220 pounds weighs
    100 kg
  67. The metric unit for weight is the:
    GRAM
  68. Proper application of a tourniquet for use in establishing an IV should result in tamponade of:
    The venous vessel without occlusion of the arterial vessel
  69. When drawing medication from a vial, the paramedic must inject a volume of air into the vial equivalent to the amount of solution being withdrawn to prevent:
    A vacuum in the vial
  70. Insulin syringes are marked in:
    1-unit increments
  71. A position that promotes gluteal muscle relaxation is for the patient to lie:
    Prone with the toes pointing inward
  72. Antiseptics and disinfectants are chemical agents used to kill:
    Specific groups of microorganisms
  73. After administering a medication through an orogastric or nasogastric tube, the paramedic must:
    Flush the tube with 30 mL of water
  74. Aspiration is the technique of:
    Pulling back on the plunger to ensure that the needle has not been placed in a blood vessel
  75. Insert the needle for an intradermal injection at an angle of:
    10 to 15 degrees
  76. To avoid needlestick injuries, health care providers should:
    Use needleless products when possible
  77. The most common infection resulting from needlestick injury is:
    Hepatitis C
  78. The quickest method for getting fluids and medications into the bloodstream is by:
    Intrvenous injection
  79. The deltoid muscle is found:
    In the upper arm
  80. Butterfly needles are:
    Hollow Needles
  81. To form secondary units from the basic unit of the metric system, one can divide or multiply by:
    10, 100, or 1000 parts
  82. Medications administered and absorbed through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are called:
    Enteral medications
  83. Administration of a sublingual medication means that the medication is placed:
    Under the patient's tongue

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