Comp Pt

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sthomp88
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79265
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Comp Pt
Updated:
2011-04-12 23:32:04
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Chapter sixty four key words
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week thirteen
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  1. Loss of structural differentiation with reversion to a more primitive type of cell
    anaplasia
  2. defective development or congenital absence of an organ or tissue
    aplasia
  3. factor essential to normal blood clotting contained within the blood plasma; designated by Roman numerals I-V and VII to XIII; their absence, diminution, or excess may lead to abnormality of clotting
    coagulation factor
  4. record of number of white blood cells, including the determination of the percentage of each type of cell present; the "differential" is used in the diagnosis of various blood disorders, infections, and other abnormal conditions of the body
    differential cell count
  5. hemorrhagic sopt larger than a petecia in the skin or mucous membrane; nonelevated, blue or purplish.
    ecchymosis
  6. hemorrhage from the nose
    epistaxis
  7. formation of red blood cells
    erythropoiesis
  8. inflammation of the tongue
    glossitis
  9. pain in the tongue
    glossodynia
  10. blood in a joint cavity
    hemarthrosis
  11. volume precentage of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in whole blood
    hematocrit
  12. the formation and development of blood cells, usually in bone marrow
    hematopoiesis
  13. protein in the erythrocyte that transports molecular oxygen to body cells
    hemoglobin
  14. oxygenated arterial blood; bright red and about 97% saturated with oxygen; venous blood is a darker color and contains only 20%-70% oxygen
    oxyhemoglobin
  15. rupture of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin into the plasma
    hemolysis
  16. diminished availability of oxygen to body tissues
    hypoxia
  17. lack of adequate amounts of oxygen that can result from the rapid diffusion of nitrous oxyde molecules from the bloodstream into the llungs. Occurs if 100% oxygen is not administered at the conclusion of a nitrous oxide sedation procedure
    diffusion hypoxia
  18. increase in the total number of leukocytes
    leukocytosis
  19. reductino in total number of leukocytes in the blood; coung under 500 per ml
    leukopenia
  20. destruction or decomposition, as of a cell, bacterium, or other substance
    lysis
  21. abnormally large red blood cell; contrasts with microcyte, abnormally small erythrocyte
    macrocyte
  22. young cell of the granulocyte series; occurs normally in bone marrow; found in circulating blood in certain diseases
    myelocyte
  23. diminished number of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes or PMNs)
    neutropenia
  24. minute, pinpoint, round, nonraised, purplish-red spot in the skin or mucous membrane, caused by hemorrhage
    petechia
  25. engulfing of microorganisms and foreign particles by phagocytes, such as macrophages
    phagocytosis
  26. cell in connective tissue converted from B lymphocyte: involved in chronci inflammation and immune response
    plamsa cell
  27. hemorrhage into the tissue, under the skin, and through the mucous membranes, produces petechiae and ecchymoses
    prupura
  28. when circulating platelets are decreased
    thrombocytic purpura

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