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Anatomy Physiology Biology Assessment
Review for Biology Assessment - ACC Anatomy & Physiology Entrance
Matter that is closely packed together and regularly arranged is in the _____ state.
The particles in gas are _____.
very far apart
Evaporation is the process of going from _____.
liquid to gas
_____ are easily compressed.
_____ are very rigid
Water _____ to ice.
Solid iodine _____ to gas iodine.
As a rubber band is stretched, _____ energy is increased.
How would decreasing the concentration affect the pressure?
How would increasing the pressure affect the volume?
How would increasing the temperature affect the pressure?
N= 7 protons, 7 neutrons, 7 electrons
Na= 11 protons, 11 neutrons, 12 electrons
Shorthand: Flourine (F) with atomic number 9 and atomic mass 18.998
Shorthand: Hydrogen (H) with atomic number 1 and atomic mass 1.0079
Oxygen has a valance number of 8. How many valance electrons does oxygen have?
6 valance electrons
Nitrogen has a valance number of 7. How many valance electrons does nirtogen have?
5 valance electrons
potassium ion (K+) + iodide (I-)
sodium ion (2 Na+) + carbonate (CO3^2-)
calcium ion(Ca+) + chloride (2Cl-)
sodium ion (3 Na+) + phosphate (PO4^3-)
How many neutrons in:
The element oxygen with atomic number 8 has _____ valance electrons.
Which subatomic particle carries a positive charge:
The _____ bond is when _____ electrons are shared between two atoms.
Single covalent (bond); (2 electrons)
Draw a hydrocarbon chain of 4 carbons.
H H H H
l l l l
l l l l
H H H H
Review hydrogencarbon ring of 5 carbons
A hydrocarbon of 3 carbons with all single bonds will contain _____ hydroganes
A 3% glucose solution contains 3g of glucose in _____ mL of solution.
Which is an example of a molecule with a carboxyl functional group?
An example of a molecule that is hydrophobic is:
(1) An ion such as Cl-
(2) A hydrocarbon such as benzene C
The hydrogen bond is formed between _____.
The hydrogen of one water molecule & the oxygen of another
is diluted in water, the following occurs:
Therefore, the H
is an acid because:
ions are released
A solution of pH 7 has a concentration of H+ of _____ and is _____.
Buffers are substances which help resist shifts in pH by _____.
Releasing hydrogen ions in basic solutions
Enzyme speed up the rate of reactions by _____.
Decreasing the Energy of Activation
A catabolic reaction _____.
Releases energy that is captured as ATP
You are looking for a competitive inhibitor for an enzyme. There for you are looking for a molecule that:
Will bind in the active site of the enzyme
Which of the following will change that rate of reaction for an enzyme?
(1) change the pH of the solution
(2) changing the temperature of the reaction
(3) Changing the concentration of substrate
The sequence of homeostatic control are:
Receptor --> Control Center --> Effector
Which factors will speed p the rate of diffusion of molecules
Increasing the temperature
Increasing the concentration of the molecules
Moving from a solid to a liquid state of moleculesMoving from a liquid to a gas state of molecules
Which statements are true for RBCs placed in water?
Water will enter the cells causing swelling
The cells are hypertonic compared to the water outside
There is net movement of water across the cell membraneThis process does not require energy in the form of ATP
Passive & active transport of molecules across membranes are accomplished by what kinds of molecules?
Which statements are true for active transport?
Molecules move from an area of lower concentration to higher concentration
Molecules move up the concentration gradient
The process requires ATPIons pumps are usually used
DNA polymerase is that molecules that will:
Replicate DNA in the nucleus of eukaryotesUse the parent strand of DNA as a template
Which is true regarding RNA?
RNA is transcribed from DNA
RNA has ribose & phosphate in its backbone
RNA is single strandedRNA uses the nucleotides A, C, G, U
During translation, the antidote on a(n) _____ pairs with the codon on mRNA.
The products of translation are: