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What is a form of cognitive learning?
- learning to drive a car, memorizing names of classmates, evaluating differences among questions.
- not: salivating when you think of a lemon
According to Erikson, the 2nd stage of psychosocial development in adulthood is
intimacy vs isolation
- oral 0-1
- anal 2-3
- phallic 3-6
- latency 6-12
- Genital 12 +
- Trust vs mistrust 0-1
- autonomy vs shame/doubt 2-3
- Initiative vs Guilt 3-5
- industry vs inferiority 6-12
- identity vs role confusion 12-19
- intimacy vs isolation 20-30
- generativity vs stagnation 30-50
- integrity vs despair 60 +
Latent learning refers to
learning but not displaying the learned behavior immediatley.
the study of learning focuses on the __ of info.
the study of memory focuses on the __ of information
aha is exclaimed by the person experiencing
Learning that is not depedent on reinforcfement, occurs in the social context, and involves voluntary behavior is called
Albert Bandura is the psychologist who developed
social learning theory
which sense is least well developed at birth?
The ego is guided by the
According to piaget, when does the child begin fantasy play.
During the preoperational period
- Sesimotor 0-2
- Preoperational 2-7
- concrete operational 7-11
- formal operational 11 +
Vygotsky's theory emphasizes the role of ___ in the development of children's cognitive abilities.
conditioned responces are eliminated throgh
A long-term change in behavior that results from experience called
Pavlov is to ___
Skinner is to____
- Cassical conditioning
- operant conditioning
A primary reinenforcer would be
- water, food, relief from pain
- not: attention
Bob learned to respect his parents, since he is respectful to older adults he is demonstrating the concept of
Bob is not nice to his friends demonstrating the concept of
What did frued belive motivated all behavior?
sex and aggression
What is the only thing present at birth, according to freud
Arrested development caused by fixation at an earlier stage, could create
neurosis according for freud
during the phallic stage, an intense feeling of dislike is dirrected toward
same sex parents
A social psychologist studies
obdeiance, conformity, and prejudice
The key idea of psychodynamic theory is that
behavior is driven by the mental processes often hidden from conscious awarness
according to behaviorists, individuals will respond most vigorously when
they are reinforced intermittenly
psychologists who study events at the level of the
self actualization is a goal of
cultural universality is the best source of evidence for
psychiatrists are able to
prescibe things and pyschologists cannot