Beau HGD chapter 14 & 15 study guide

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Beau HGD chapter 14 & 15 study guide
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Beau HGD chapter 14 & 15 study guide
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  1. Generativity
    Adults desires to leave legacies of themselves to the next generation: the positive side of Erikson's generativity vs stagnation
  2. Stagnation
    "self absoption"- when individuals sense they have done little or nothing for the next generation; the negative side of Erikson's Generativity vs stagnation.
  3. Contemporary life events approach
    an approach that emphasizes how life events influence the individuals development depends not only on the life event, but also on mediating factors, the individuals adaptation to the life event, the life stage context, and the sociohistorical context.
  4. social clock
    the timetable according to which individuals are expected to accomplish life tasks, such as getting married, having children, or establishing themselves in a career.
  5. Big 5 factors of personality
    • openness
    • conscientiousness
    • extraversion
    • agreeableness
    • neuroticism
  6. Cumulative personality model
    the time and age people become more adept at interacting with their environment in ways that promote the stability of personality
  7. Empty nest syndrome
    a term used to indicate a decreased in marital satisfaction after children leave home.
  8. Sandwich generation
    middle aged adults who, because of their responsibilities, have to take care of their adolescents and their aging parents.
  9. Erikson's crisis for middle adulthood
    generativity vs stagnation
  10. who emphasized developmental tasks must be mastered at each stage?
    Livinston
  11. most frequent daily stressor
    interpersonal tension
  12. cohort effects
    affects that are due to the subjects time of birth or generation, not age.
  13. Extoversion
    tendency to be outgoing, assertive, and active
  14. agreeableness
    tendency to be kind and helpful
  15. conscientiousness
    tendency to be assertive, deliberate, and conforming
  16. Neurotisism
    tendency to be anxious, moody, and self punishing
  17. Openness
    tendency to be imaginitive, curious, artistic, and willing to have new experiences
  18. what puts too much emphasis on change and does not recognize the stability of adulthood?
    (contemporary) Life events approach
  19. 2 basic needs of adulthood
    Love and Work
  20. 3 reasons women divorce
    • verbal, physical, and emotional abuse
    • alcohol and drug abuse
    • cheating
  21. 3 reasons men divorce
    • no obvious problem, fell out of love
    • cheating
    • different values, lifestyles
  22. 3 styles of granparenting
    • remote
    • involved
    • companionate
  23. Remote-
    grandparents are distant but esteemed elders who are obeyed.
  24. Involved
    Grandparents are active in the day to day life of the grandchildren
  25. companionate
    grandparents choose when and how they will interact with their granchildren while maintaining autonomy and their independence
  26. Developmental period beginnning about age 35 and extending to 65 yrs old
    Middle adulthood
  27. Most important reason for individual variations of health
    personal lifestyle choices
  28. senescence
    when growth stops and aging begins
  29. what is correlated to almost every physical ailment that occurs during middle adulthood?
    Strees and the reaction to stress
  30. loss of muscle mass
    sarcopenia
  31. men lose hearing _____ as fast as women
    twice
  32. ___out of ___americans are overweight
    2 out of 3
  33. compared to middle aged women, middle aged men are ___as likely to die of any cause and ___time as likely to die of heart disease
    • twice
    • 3 times
  34. ___problems are more common for those who have higher number prescription and nonprescription meds are obese are depressed or have cardiovascular disease.
    sleep problems
  35. ___% of all cancers are attributed to lifestyle due to?
    • 65
    • Smoking
    • obesity
    • lack of exercise
  36. ___is the main cause of death?
    Heart disease
  37. Climacteric
    the midlife transition in which fertility declines
  38. the complete cessation of a woman's menstruation which usually occurs in the late forties early fifties
    menopause
  39. average age of menopause
    50
  40. accumulated information and verbal skills which increase in middle age. according to Horn
    crystallized intelligence (hard facts)
  41. the ability to reason abstractly, which steadily declines from middile adulthood on
    Fluid intelligence (being creative)
  42. 4 features that distinguish the expert for the novice
    • intuitive
    • strategic
    • automatic
    • flexible
  43. Expertise
    involves having extensive, highly organized knowledge and understanding of a particular domain.
  44. Long tem memory becomes less reliable and more time is required to retrieve information

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