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rfox78677
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795
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file.txt
Updated:
2009-11-05 21:54:08
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quiz # 2 terms
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philosophy terms
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  1. A type of argument in which the conclusion must be true if all of the premises are true. The premises prove the conclusion.
    deduction
  2. The type of argument in which true premises provide support for the conclusion, but do not guarantee that the conclusion is true.
    induction
  3. The theory that all events are completely caused or determined by antecedent conditions; also, "Hard or Strict Determinism" holds that people are not responsible for their actions because these are causally determined.
    determinism
  4. Based on sense perception or on the observable results of an experiment.
    empirical
  5. The metaphysical and theological view that all is of one essential essence, principle, substance or energy; reality is not ultimately made of multiple substances.
    monism
  6. Things exist independently of our knowing mind.
    objective
  7. Theory that reality has many irreducible substances, not just one.
    pluralism
  8. A statement whose contradictory is an inconsistency:
    "A circle is round" = analytic
    "A circle is not round" = inconsistent
    (Predicate is inseparable with subject)
    analytic statement
  9. One formulation of the Categorical Imperative is: Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time expect that it should become a universal law. The one general, moral requirement that underlies all morality, according to Kant.
    categorical imperative
  10. A type of philosophy that focuses on one's actual existence rather than meanings or metaphysics, often deals with the issues of freedom, living in the moment (being), and personal relationships.
    existentialism
  11. The metaphysical theory that only minds and their thoughts exist. Everything else is only an idea in some mind.
    idealism
  12. theory of knowledge that say metaphysics and phenomena are meaningless in themselves since we cannot know if they are true.
    positivism
  13. the meaning and truth of a statement depends on its success in explaining a problem, not whether it adheres to a realism or idealism viewpoint.
    pragmatism
  14. A statement that asserts a clear truth or falsehood.
    proposition
  15. he criterion for truth is intellectual, reasoning, not the senses.
    rationalism
  16. there is a real world out there and we can experience it.
    realism
  17. Beyond possible experience; opposite of immanent; Transcendental philosophy or Kantianism.
    transcendent
  18. A statement (contrasted with Analytic) that is true yet is not true just because of the meanings of the constituent words. An example of such a statement is "The dinosaurs are extinct." The dinosaurs are either extinct or not so evidence must be presented to make the case.
    synthetic statement

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