Unit 1 part 4 adolescent-young adult

Card Set Information

Unit 1 part 4 adolescent-young adult
2011-04-14 01:35:51
ati fundamentals

ati fundamentals
Show Answers:

  1. What stage/development did erikson say was taking place during adolescence?
    • development: psychosocial
    • Stage: identity vs role confusion
  2. What type of development/stage did freud say was taking place during adolescence?
    • development: psychosocial
    • Stage: genital
  3. What type of development/stage did piaget say was going on in adolescence?
    • development: cognitive
    • stage: formal operational
  4. What ages does adolescence cover?
    12-20 yrs
  5. physical development in adolescence
    • Acne may appear
    • Females reach 95% of their adult height by age 13.Hips widen throughout these years
    • Males reach 95% of their adult height by age 15. Shoulders widen throughout these years
    • Sleep habits change with puberty due to increased to increased metabolism, these children tend to stay up late and go to bed early.
  6. In what order does sexual maturation occur in males?
    • Increase in size of the testes
    • Appearance of pubic hair
    • Rapid growht of genitalia
    • Growth of axillary hair
    • Appearance of downy hair on upper lip
    • Change in voice
  7. Cognitive development in adolescence
    • Thea adolescent is capable of thinking at adult level
    • Abstract thought is possible, and adolesecents can deal with principles
    • The adolescen can evaluate the quality of his/her own thining
    • Attention span becomes longer
    • Language: adolescents develop jargon within peer group. Can communicate one way with peers and another with adults.
  8. Psychosocial development
    • The adolescent develops a sense of personal identity that is influenced by expectations of the family
    • Group identity: the adolescent may bcome part of a peer-group that greatly influences his/her behaviors
    • Vocationally - work habits begin to solidify
    • Sexually - There is increased interest in the opposite sex
    • Health perceptions - adolescents may view themselves as invincible to bad outcomes of risky behaviors
  9. Moral development in adolescence
    Conventional law and order - rules are not seen as absolutes. Each situation neds to be looked at, and perhpas teh rules will need to bea adjusted. NOt all adolescents attain this level of moral development during these years
  10. Self-concept development in adolescence
    • conventional law and order - rules are not seen as absolutes. Each situation needs to be looked at, and perhaps the rules will need to be adjusted
    • Not all adolescents attain this level of oral development during these years
  11. Self-concept development in adolescence
    A healthy self-concept is develped by hving helahty relationships with peers, family, and teachers. Identifying a skill or talent helps maintain a healthy self-concept. Participation in sports, hobbies, or the community can have a positive outcome.
  12. Body-image changes in adolescence
    • Adeolescents eem particularly concerned with the lean bodies protrayed by the media. Changes that occur during puberty result in a great deal of comparisons among adolescents in the surrounding peer group.
    • Parents also give their input as to hair styles, dressm, and activity. Adolescents may require help if depression or eating disorders result due to poor body image
  13. Age-appropriate activities for Spotadolescence
    • Nonviolent video games
    • Nonviolent music
    • Sports
    • Caring for pet
    • Career-training programs
    • Reading
    • Social events (ex: goignto the movies, school dances)
  14. Nutrition for adolescents
    Rapid growth and high metabolism require increases in quality nutrients
  15. What is the second leading caue of death among adolescents?
    • Homicides, most prevalent among male adolescent acquaintances with a firearm
    • violent media may influence this type of behavior
  16. What is the 3rd leading cause of death among adolecents?
  17. Sexual experimentation among adolescents
    • Occurs in approx 50% of adolescents.
    • Abstinence is highly recommended. If sexual activity os occuring, the use of birth control is recommended
  18. Immunizations fr healthy adolescents 12 to 20 years
    • If not given at age 11-12: Tdap
    • HPV
    • Hep B
    • IPV
    • MMR
    • MCV4
  19. What aspectsof adolescent development increase the likelihood of accidents
    • peer influences to abuse substances
    • An increase in riksy behaviors because the adolescent vews himself as invincible
    • Inexperienced drivers
  20. A motnehr of a 16 year old adolescent reports tha t her son seems to require a lot of sleep. Is this a concern? explain
    Adolescents require more sleep due to increased metabolism and rapid growth.Sleep patterns may change with the adolescent staying up late and then sleeping later in the morning
  21. What type of development/stage did Erikson say is going on in young adulthood?
    • Development: psychosocial
    • Stage: Intimacy vs. Isolation
  22. What type of development/stage did Freud say is goign on in young adulthood
    • Development: psycosocial
    • Stage: Genital
  23. What type of development/stage did Piaget say is going on in young adult hood?
    • Development: cognitive
    • Stage: formal operational
  24. What age group does young adulthood cover?
    20-40 years
  25. Physical development during young adulthood
    • Growth hs concluded around age 20
    • physical senses peak
    • Cardiac output and efficiency peaks
    • Optimal muscle function occurs at ages 25-30
    • Metabolic rate decreases 2-4% every decade after age 20
    • Sex drive is high for men
    • Sex drive for women peaks during the later part of this stage
    • Optimal time for childbearing
    • pregnancy related changes
  26. Pregnancy related changes
    • Breast enlargement and tenderness
    • Amenorrhea
    • Morning sickness and fatigue
    • Pigmentation changes
    • Pruritus
    • Quickening
    • Abdominal distension
    • Uinary frequency
    • Changes in sex drive
  27. Cognitive development in young adulthood
    • Critical thinking skills improve
    • Memory peaksin the 20s
    • There is a greater ability for creative thought
  28. behaviors associated with young adulthood include
    • leaving home
    • taking on more adult commitments and responsibilities
    • going from being single to establishing a new family
    • Developing parenting skills
    • Making occupational choices characterized by high goals and experimentation
  29. moral development in young adulthood
    • The young adult may personalize values and beliefs
    • Reasoning may be baed on ethical fairness principles such as the principle of justice.
  30. Self-concept Development in young adulthood, formation of it is influenced by:
    • Avoidance of substance abuse
    • Late formation of a family
    • Frequent interactions with family and friends
    • Choosing to behave in an ethical manner
  31. Body-image changes in young adulthood
    • Greatly influenced by diet and exercise
    • Pregnancy related changes:
    • mother may feel more feminine in the early stages
    • Mother may feel huge and unappealing in the last trimester
    • Mother may experience increased well-being with quickening
  32. How many colories should an active young adult male consume daily?
  33. How many calories should a sedentary female consume daily?
  34. How many calories should a sedentary male or active female consume daily?
  35. By how many calories should a pregnant young adult woman increase her intake?
    about 300 kcal for a total of 2100 to 2400 kcal
  36. Health risks for young adults
    • Substance abuse
    • Periodontal disease due to poor oral hygiene
    • Unplanned pregnancies (high source of stress)
    • STDs
    • Infertility
    • Work-related injuries or exposures
  37. What immunizations should healthy young adults ages 20-40 get?
    • Tdap every 10 years
    • 1 dose of MMR or 2 if college student, health care worker or planning international travel
    • 2 doses of varicella if no evidence of immunity
    • females 26 yrs or younger not previously vaccinated should get 3 doses of HPV vaccine
  38. List several developmental tasks that can assist a yojng adult to develop a positive self-concept
    • Satisfying career choice
    • Late formation of family
    • Frequent interactions with family and friends
  39. What major life event may grweaty alter the body image of a young adult female? explain
    • Pregnancy. This event causes significant physical changes in the female including:
    • Breast enlargement and tenderness
    • Morning sickness and fatigue
    • Pigmentation changes
    • Pruritus
    • Abdominal distension
  40. List several reasons that suggest the young adult years are a good time for childbearing
    • Personal physical growth has concluded
    • Physically, the body is at its peak
    • Sex drive is high
  41. Which of the following behaviors by a young adult demonstrates appropriate psychosocial development?
    A. Taking active involvement in providing guidance to the next generation
    B. Devloting a lot of time to establishing an occupation
    C. Finding oneself "sandwiched" in between and being responsible for two generations.
    D. Adjusting to major changes in roles and relationships due to losses
    B. Devloting a lot of time to establishing an occupation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)