MH3 TEST 3
Card Set Information
MH3 TEST 3
Music History 3 Test 3
What is neoclassicism?
Around the end of WWI (1918) we see, for the first time, a conscious break with tradition
Some aspects that changed with end of WWI Music was no longer meant to be "emotional"
sentimentality/nature are no longer valid subject matters
Music was now just about music.. not about representing things
Music that assimilates pre-Romantic ideas
What is a musical style that came about at the end of WWI? The style was no longer meant to be emotional, music was just about music.
History of Stravinsky
Stravinsky in 1913 - continued a little bit on his "Russian" path
Communists then took over Stravinsky's heritage
Soviet Union did not sign any international copyright agreements until 1970
No money for Igor...wanted to break with his "Russian" style
1914 - moved to Switzerland 1920 - moved to Paris
In addition to rejection of Romantic aesthetics, romantic performance practices were also rejected
Stravinsky rejects strings - sees them as "cold" and dehumanizing
Stravinsky takes on an active roll as performer
all music is Russian-folk based
all text is Russian-folk based
Maximalization of orchestrational ideas from Rite
Last work for Ballets Russes
Percussion and chorus.. with random vocal soloists
This was really a curveball ("a bad joke" said the press)"
Noone could possibly have forseen that this would have been made by Stravinsky and that it would have been so influential" - Copland
Ballet, last one for Ballets Russes, maximalization of orchestration from Rite, "a bad joke". Composition and Composer?
Les Noces - Stravinsky
Octet for Winds
abstract forms and harmonic relationships
overuse of classical and baroque gestures - trills, ornaments
This was all about the music - as abstract as possible. No meaning intended.
Basically a commentary on all these romantic ideas - a lot of parody and irony.
overuse of forms - and clarity of forms is primary
1st mvmt VERY clear sonata form, almost clearer than Haydn
3rd mvmt bossa nova-ish foxtrot
3 movement work, overuse of classical and baroque gestures; all about the music - as abstract as possible. Clearer sonata form than Haydn. Composer and Composition?
Stravinsky - Octet for Winds
Symphonies d'instruments a vent
(Symphonies for Wind Instruments)
Rejecting Russian and romantic aesthetics
The Symphonies of Wind Instruments is a concert work written by Igor Stravinsky in 1920, for an ensemble of woodwind and brass instruments.
Dedicated to the memory of Claude Debussy, who died in 1918
premiered in London in 1921
Conducted by Serge Koussevitzky.
An example of rejection of Russian and romantic aesthetics, dedicated to Claude Debussy, premiered in London in 1921, one movement work. Composition and Composer?
Symphonies for Wind Instruments - Stravinsky
Group of six composers
Tried to make entirely French music (no outside influences) (except Jazz)
What is the name of the group of composers that tried to make entirely French music?
Did the scenario for Satie’s "Parade"
Said tha young French composers should not be influenced by Debussy
Encouraged young composers to follow Satie’s musical aesthetics
Broke new ground with film
Who was the man that did the scenario for Satie's "Parade"? He also discouraged French composers from following Debussy, and instead influenced them to follow Satie.
Artist who did costumes and props for Satie's "Parade"
Who was the artist who did costumes and props for Satie's "Parade"?
Very rich, aristocratic family
Initially the music is so simple and influenced by jazz, and a little Stravinskian harmony
People thought he was a nobody
By 1920, compositional maturity hit Francis
He played into satire and irony that was a big fad at the time
1944 Returned to "Lifestyle Modernism" (see Les Biches)
: Les mamelles de Tiresias
Apollinaire coined the term "surrealism"
: he wrote the play that the opera is based on
No person had ever wrote an opera with so much attention to breasts than Poulenc
Premiered at the Opera Comique in 1947
Denise Duval - sang the lead role, had a relationship with Poulenc
Name the composer who wrote in "Lifestyle modernism" or "surrealism"; he wrote Les Mamelles de Tiresias; he wrote Les Biches; had a relationship with Denise Duval
Coined the term "surrealism." Wrote the play
Les Memelles de Tiresias
sang the lead role in Les Mamelles de Tiresias; Francis Poulenc's lover.
Who coined the term "surrealism"? He also wrote the play
Les Mamelles de Tiresias
Who sang the lead role in Les Mamelles de Tiresias? She was also Francis Poulenc's lover.
: Francis Poulenc
1924 in Monte Carlo
Girls flirt with dudes in bathing suits
18th Century dance suite (pre-Romantic music)
French 'classical' ballet of early 19th century
Contemporary dance hall music
"Stylistic promiscuity" - Represented that in plot and music
Incorporated at random
Exact opposite of expressionism
Void of emotional depth, only superficial
Composers realize this is kind of a dead-end musically
Poulenc moved away from it until 1944
Ballet, premiered in 1924 in Monte Carlo, plotless, three dance styles, reflected "lifestyle modernism", about girls flirting with dudes in bathing suits. Composer and Composition?
- Francis Poulenc