The main concentration of minerals outside the
under normal conditions, adults needed___liquid per day
2 to 3 L of liquid per day
5 to 6 glasses should be water
Average water lost from the body
a polysaccharide that makes up the framework of plants; provides bulk (fiber or roughage) for the diet; cannot be broken down by the human digestive system and therefore is not absorbed.
to absorb water, provide bulk, and stimulate peristalsis
Nutrients primarily supplied are
Breads, cereals, rice, pasta
are iron, B-complex vitamins, and carbohydrate (starches)
Food Pyramid Level 2 Nutrients primarily supplied are
vegetable group, fruit
vitamins A and C and fiber.
Food Pyramid Level 3 Nutrients primarily supplied are
Milk, yogurt, cheese, meat
calcium, protein, and riboflavin.
Food Pyramid Level 4
fats oils and sweet sparingly
eat eggs and dairy product
avoid egss but eat dairy
do not eat meat or dairy products but do eat eggs.
fat and vitamin A removed
fat particles evenly dispersed so cream does not separate.
heated to a specific temperature to destroy pathogenic bacteria
water removed and sugar added so carbohydrate content is increase; low in calcium and vitamins and high in sugar compared with whole milk.
heated above the boiling point so that more than one-half the water evaporates.
Low fat milk
contain 0.5% to 2% fat
Powdered or dry milk
least expensive form milk on the market
Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are resistant to
Clostridia Food Poisoning
spore-forming bacteria that grow in the absence of oxygen.
spore-forming bacteria that grow and produce toxins in absence of oxygen (anaerobic)
bacteria widespread in nature that live in the intestinal tracks of humans and animals transmitted by eating infected food or by contact with people who are infected or are carries of the disease; also transmitted by insects or rodents.
Bacteria attacks intestinal wall and spreads to body.