Nutrition 3

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Nutrition 3
2011-04-18 10:54:42

Nutrition 3
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  1. The main concentration of minerals outside the
    cell is
  2. under normal conditions, adults needed___liquid per day
    • 2 to 3 L of liquid per day
    • 5 to 6 glasses should be water
  3. Average water lost from the body
  4. Cellulose
    a polysaccharide that makes up the framework of plants; provides bulk (fiber or roughage) for the diet; cannot be broken down by the human digestive system and therefore is not absorbed.
  5. Cellulose Function
    to absorb water, provide bulk, and stimulate peristalsis
  6. Food Pyramid
    Level 1
    Nutrients primarily supplied are
    • Breads, cereals, rice, pasta
    • are iron, B-complex vitamins, and carbohydrate (starches)
  7. Food Pyramid
    Level 2
    Nutrients primarily supplied are
    • vegetable group, fruit
    • vitamins A and C and fiber.
  8. Food Pyramid
    Level 3
    Nutrients primarily supplied are
    • Milk, yogurt, cheese, meat
    • calcium, protein, and riboflavin.
  9. Food Pyramid
    Level 4
    fats oils and sweet sparingly
  10. Lacto-ovo-vegetarians
    eat eggs and dairy product
  11. Lacto-vegetarian
    avoid egss but eat dairy
  12. Ovo-vegetarian
    do not eat meat or dairy products but do eat eggs.
  13. Skim Milk
    fat and vitamin A removed
  14. Homogenized milk
    fat particles evenly dispersed so cream does not separate.
  15. Pasteurized milk
    heated to a specific temperature to destroy pathogenic bacteria
  16. Condensed milk
    water removed and sugar added so carbohydrate content is increase; low in calcium and vitamins and high in sugar compared with whole milk.
  17. Evaporated milk
    heated above the boiling point so that more than one-half the water evaporates.
  18. Low fat milk
    contain 0.5% to 2% fat
  19. Powdered or dry milk
    least expensive form milk on the market
  20. Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are resistant to
  21. Clostridia Food Poisoning
    spore-forming bacteria that grow in the absence of oxygen.
  22. Botulism
    spore-forming bacteria that grow and produce toxins in absence of oxygen (anaerobic)
  23. Salmonellosis
    bacteria widespread in nature that live in the intestinal tracks of humans and animals transmitted by eating infected food or by contact with people who are infected or are carries of the disease; also transmitted by insects or rodents.
  24. E.Coli
    Bacteria attacks intestinal wall and spreads to body.