Diction and Resource Test

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Author:
amcol89
ID:
79679
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Diction and Resource Test
Updated:
2011-04-14 21:22:49
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Music Vocal Ped
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Flashcards for Vocal Pedagogy Test #4
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  1. Enunciation
    Clarity
  2. Pronunciation
    Accuracy
  3. Articulation
    Physical creation or positioning or words
  4. With what do voiced, nasal, and glide consonants assist?
    They assist in resonance focus and intensity.
  5. With what do unvoiced consonants assist?
    They assist in airflow maintenance.
  6. What determines consonant clarity?
    The release
  7. Sieber
    • 36 - 8 measure songs
    • La-be-da-me-ni-po-tu
    • Books by voice part
    • Excellent for students who have minimum piano skills
  8. Vaccai
    • Song vocalises
    • English and Italian texts
    • Various vocal skills (intervals, scales, trills, mordents)
    • Books by voice parts
  9. Panofka
    • 24 song-like vocalises
    • Various vocal skills
    • Books by voice part
  10. Concone
    • 30 daily exercises
    • Musical patterns & vocal skills
    • High & Low voice parts
  11. Marchesi, Lutgen, Lamperti
    • Musical patterns and song-like vocalises that address various vocal skills.
    • Some are generic, some by voice
  12. Vocal Coach
    • CD/mp3 -- Vocal Workout
    • Purchase from www.vocalcoach.com
    • High & Low voice
    • Mostly for people who already sing
  13. Basics of Singing
    • Jan Schmidt
    • Textbook/Anthology
    • High & Low of almost every song
    • Background, IPA, and translations
    • Folk, Musical theater, Art Songs
    • Some have keyboard foldout
    • CD Accompaniment Available
  14. Foundations in Singing
    • Van Christy & John Glenn Paton
    • Textbook/Anthology
    • One key
    • Background, IPA, and translations
    • Folk, Musical theater, Art Songs
    • Keyboard foldout
    • CD Accompaniment available
  15. Adventures in Singing
    • Clifton Ware
    • Textbook/Anthology
    • One key
    • Background, IPA, translations
    • Folk Musical Theater, Art Song
    • CD Accompaniment available
  16. First Book Of...
    • Multiple volumes for each voice type
    • Progressive difficulty
    • With and without CD accompaniment
  17. Publishers with Anthologies by Language, Composer, or Style
    • International Music Co.
    • Alfred
    • Hal Leonard
  18. Popular American Publishers
    • Hal Leonard/Schirmer
    • Alfred
    • International
    • Theodore Presser/Oliver Ditson
  19. Popular British Publishers
    • Boosey and Hawkes
    • Dover Press
    • Oxford Press
    • Stainer and Bell
    • Edition Peters
  20. Popular French Publishers
    • Durand
    • Salabert
  21. Popular German Publishers
    • Edition Peters
    • Kalmus
  22. Translation Websites
    • Art Song Central
    • Recmusic.org/lieder
    • Babelfish.com
    • Google Translations
  23. Website for obscure languages
    Dictiondomain.com
  24. Free Music
    • Artsongcentral.com
    • sibeliusmusic.com
    • CPDL.org
  25. Musical Theater Anthology
    • Multiple volumes for each voice type
    • With and without CD accompaniment
  26. Methods for Identifying and Classifying Vocal Disorders Based on Symptoms
    • Visual, Auditory, & Sensory
    • Hyperfunctional & Hypofunctional
    • Funtional & Organic
  27. Visual Problems
    Physical and typically easy to see
  28. Auditory Problems
    • Heard in the voice
    • Can include high pitches and intonation issues
  29. Sensory Problems
    Refers to pain, fatigue, and difficulties in producing clear tones
  30. Hyperfunctional Problems
    • Forced and tense
    • Results in poor tone quality, intonation, vibrato , and inability to sing low dynamic levels
  31. Hypofunctional
    • Weak and Breathy
    • Vocal fatigue, especially in young singer
  32. Functional Problems
    Psycological causes where no organic condition exists
  33. Organic Problems
    Physical lesions on vocal folds
  34. Titze's 5 Major Factors that Account for Vocal-Fold Irregularities
    • Mucus
    • Food
    • Airflow
    • Vocal-fold Asymmetry
    • Neurological Sources
  35. Major Disorders Caused by Hormonal Fluctuations
    • Hypothyroidism
    • Puberphonic Voice
    • Menstruation
    • Menopause
    • Pregnancy
  36. Hypothyroidism
    • Low thyroid function
    • Low amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone
    • Symptoms: vocal fatigue, range loss, feeling of a lump in throat
  37. Puberphonic Voice
    Voice changes mainly found in male voices
  38. Menopause
    • Depleted levels of estrogen
    • Changes in mucus membranes throughout body
    • Overall deterioration of voice quality
  39. Pregnancy
    • Similar to alterations found during premenstrual
    • Distension of abdominal muscles may impede vocal function in later months of pregnancy
  40. Serious Vocal Disorders
    • Contact ulcers
    • Nodules
    • Polyps
    • Cysts
    • Reinke's Edema
    • Vocal-fold Hemorrhage
  41. Principal ways of Treating and Preventing Voice Disorders
    • Drug Therapy
    • Surgery
    • Vocal Therapy
    • Psychotherapy
  42. Contact Ulcers
    • Occur on posterior section of vocal folds
    • Caused by vocal misuse/abuse
    • Gastric Reflux can also cause
  43. Vocal Nodules
    • Similar to calluses, but found on vocal folds
    • Caused by viral infections and then aggravated by vocal misuse/abuse
  44. Vocal Polyps
    • Single, unilateral, acute lesions
    • Fed by vessels on vocal folds' superior surface
    • Smokers are highly likely to get this
  45. Vocal Cysts
    • Not usually caused by misuse/abuse
    • Submucosal Lesion
    • Must be surgically removed
  46. Reinke's Edema
    • Mainly caused by smoking and hypothyroidism
    • Mostly seen in pop singers
  47. Vocal-Fold Hemorrhage
    • Ruptured blood vessel within vocal fold
    • Caused by internal or external trauma
  48. Drug Therapy
    • Must be careful, due to drying effect
    • Very beneficial
  49. Surgery
    • Must be carefully evaluated
    • Seek several opinions
  50. Vocal Therapy
    • Can be used in lieu of surgery
    • Only choose the most qualified
    • Recommendations from laryngologist
  51. Psychotherapy
    This may be the case when no physical problems can be detected
  52. Vocal Do's
    • Consume nutritious food, beverages, and vitamins
    • Attain and maintain good physical fitness
    • Obtain sufficient rest
    • Use efficient vocal technique in speech and singing
  53. Vocal Don'ts
    • Inhale or ingest harmful substances
    • Pursue an overly stressful lifestyle
    • Work or live in noisy or polluted environments

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