MOD C UNIT 1 THEORY

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jmejamison
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79685
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MOD C UNIT 1 THEORY
Updated:
2011-04-14 17:35:20
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DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
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A&P DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
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  1. Technical term for the digestive system?
    Gastrointestinal system
  2. The process of digestion consists of what kind of break downs of complex food into simpler substances?
    Both physical and chemical breakdowns
  3. 4 stages of the gastrointestinal system (IDEA)?
    • Ingestion
    • Digestion
    • Absorption
    • Elimination
  4. Process of taking nutrition into the body?
    Ingestion
  5. Physical and chemical breakdown of food?
    Digestion
  6. Expelling of body wastes?
    Elimination
  7. Elimination of feces?
    Defecation
  8. Taking in of nutrients through the stomach and small intestines (villi)?
    Absorption
  9. Where does food and nutrients first enter the digestive system?
    Mouth
  10. In the mouth food is tasted and physically broken up by the teeth and mixed with saliva, which breaks food down further with chemicals. What is the semiliquid that food becomes when mixed with the saliva and becomes ready to swallow?
    Bolus
  11. Buccal-
    Cheek
  12. The act of chewing?
    Masitication
  13. The act of swallowing?
    Deglutition
  14. A viral infection of the parotid gland that can have complications involving the ovaries and testes?
    Mumps
  15. The flap that closes off the trachea, causing the bolus to enter the esophagus and not the trachea?
    Epiglottis
  16. The digestive passage, the esophagus, is situated where in terms of the trachea?
    Behind the trachea
  17. The upper expanded portion of the stomach beside the cardiac region is which section?
    Fundus
  18. The internal lining of the stomach is made up of mucous membranes that contains folds are called what?
    Rugae
  19. Term for extensive inflammation and irritation occurring in the lining of the stomach and intestine and is a symptom of many digestive disorders?
    Gastroenteritis
  20. Part of the small intestine that begins at the pyloric sphincter of the stomach and is about 10 inches long?
    Duodenum
  21. What extends between the duodenum and the ileum and is about 8 feet in length?
    Jejunum
  22. What is positioned between the ileum (part of the sm intestine) and the cecum (first part of the large intestine)?
    Ileocecal valve
  23. What does the small intestine produce? And what does it do?
    Produces enzymes, breaks down sugars (including maltase, sucrase and lactase)
  24. What are the functions of the colon (large intestine) and how long is it?
    • 1. Absorb water, minerals, and remaining nutrients / 5 feet
    • 2. Synthesize and absorb vitamin B
    • 3. Allows for the formation of vitamin K
    • 4. Transports solid waste products out of the body.
  25. What is attached to the cecum and the junction of the small intestine?
    Vermiform appendix
  26. Digestive disease with a yellowish discoloration of the skin caused by excessive billirubin in the blood?
    Jaundice
  27. Dark-colored, tarry feces caused by free blood in the intestine?
    Melena
  28. Reflux of the stomach acids and food into the esophagus?
    Regurgitation
  29. Visualization of the large intestine?
    Colonoscopy
  30. Endoscopic examination of the interior of the peritoneal cavity?
    Laparoscopy
  31. Therapy for the narrowing of the pyloric sphincter?
    Surgical intervention for Pyloric stenosis
  32. Heartburn while reclining, chest pain, and discomfort in the chest cavity if overweight could indicate what?
    Hiatal hernia- The protrusion of the stomach through diaphragm into chest cavity
  33. Malabsorption disease with mucosal damage caused by gluten intolerance is what disorder and where does it occur?
    Celiac sprue disease in the sm intestine
  34. Telescoping of one part of the intestine into another part?
    Intussusception
  35. Chronic inflammation of the ileum?
    Crohn's Disease
  36. Symptoms of a patient drawing up their knees in response to palpation of RLQ could indicate what? What is this point known as?
    Indicates appendicitis, known as McBurney's point (RLQ above appendix)
  37. Excessive alcohol consumption; bile duct obstructed with gallstones; idiopathic, indicates what disorder?
    Pancreatitis
  38. Surgical intervention or lithotripsy for removal of gallstones is treatment to which disorder?
    Cholelithiasis

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