THE URINARY SYSTEM

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mnm1095
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7972
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THE URINARY SYSTEM
Updated:
2010-02-24 13:59:31
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URINARY SYSTEM
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URINARY SYSTEM
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  1. WHAT IS THE JOB OF THE URINARY SYSTEM:
    TO REMOVE WASTE, EXCESS WATER AND CERTAIN SALTS FROM THE BLOOD AND ELMINATE THEM FROM THE BODY
  2. URETERS
    WHERE URINE AND WASTE IS CARRIED AFTER THE KIDNEYS PERFORM THEIR FUNCTION. THERE ARE TWO URETERS, ONE FOR EACH KIDNEY.
  3. URETHRA
    WHERE URINE IS EXPELLED FROM. THE BLADDER SENDS IT TO THE THE URETHRA AND IT IS EMPTIED.
  4. THE SIZE OF THE KIDNEYS ARE:
    4.5" LONG. WEIGHS ABOUT 1/4 LB
  5. PTOSIS
    A CONDITION WHEN THE KIDNEY'S DROP. USUALLY OCCURING IN THIN PEOPLE.
  6. THE KIDNEY IS DIVIDED INTO TWO SECTIONS:
    CORTEX (OUTER LAYER) AND MEDULLA (INNER LAYER)
  7. NEPH / 0
    KIDNEYS
  8. NEPHRONS
    LIFE PRESERVING SERVICE OF THE KIDNEY. THEY ARE MICROSCOPIC UNITS
  9. BOWMAN'S CAPSULE
    THE TOP, HOLLOW CAPSULE OF THE NEPHRON
  10. GLOMERULUS
    EACH BOWMAN'S CAPSULE CONTAINS ABOUT 50 CAPILLARIES. THIS CLUSTER IS CALLED THE GOLERULUS.
  11. WHY DOES URINE OUTPUT FLUCTUATE?
    ANYTHIGN THAT INCREASES THE VOLUME OF BLOOD IN THE CAPILLARIES INCREASES THE OUTPUT OF URINE. THE URINE OUTPUT DECREASES WITH A LESSENING OF BLOOD VOLUME.
  12. CALCULI
    STONES (KIDNEY)
  13. URINARY MEATUS
    THE OPENING OF THE URETHRA
  14. ANURIA
    ABSENCE OF URINE
  15. DYSURIA
    PAIN ASSOSIATED WITH VOIDING
  16. HEMATURIA
    BLOOD IN THE URINE
  17. NOCTURIA
    HAVING TO URINATE AT NIGHT
  18. OLIGURIA
    SCANTY URINARY OUTPUT
  19. POLYURIA
    EXCESSIVE URINATION
  20. DIALYSIS
    MECHANICAL PROCESS OF REMOVING WASTE FROM THE BLOOD. TYPICALLY DONE BY THE KIDNEYS
  21. FISTULA
    AN OPENING BETWEEN AN ARTERY AND A VEIN OR A "GRAFT" - A VEIN INSTERTED BETWEEN AND ARTERY AND A VEIN. SUGICALLY CONSTRUCTED FOR A NEEDLE SITE.
  22. PERITONEAL DIALYSIS
    THE PATIENTS OWN PERITONEAL MEMBRANE IS USED TO CLEANSE THE BLOOD. CONTAINER HIDDEN UNDER CLOTHING
  23. CYSTITIS
    INFLAMMATION OF THE BLADDER
  24. PYELONEPHRITIS
    COMMON KIDNEY INFECTION, CAUSED BY BACTERIA
  25. RENAL CALCULI
    KIDNEY STONES - FORMED FROM CHEMICALS IN THE URINE, FORMING CRYSTALS THAT STICK TOGETHER.
  26. CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE
    THE END RESULT OF PROGRESSIVE LOSS OF KIDNEY FUNCTION
  27. UREMIA
    THE PRODUCTS NORMALLY FOUND IN THE URINE ARE INSTEAD IN THE BLOOD. WHEN RENAL FAILURE EXISTS, UREMIA IS INEVITABLE.

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