Card Set Information
Study cards for DNA/genetics test Fri. April 15, 2011.
Name 3 similarities and 3 differences between DNA and RNA
-Made of nucleotides
-made in nucleus
-has sugar phosphate backbone
- single stranded double stranded
What is the name of the process of making mRNA from DNA?
What is the name of the process of making a protein from mRNA?
What is the basic subunit of DNA?
What is the basic subunit of RNA?
What is the basic subunit of a protein?
Name the 4 nitrogenous bases.
What does trisomy mean?
-3 chromosomes instead of 2
What is a ribose?
What makes up the backbone of DNA?
-Sugar and phosphate
What type of bonds hold the bases together?
What is a karyotype?
-putting all the chromosomes in their height/numerical order
What does genotype mean?
-the genetic make-up (BB, Bb, bb)
What does phenotype mean?
-the trait itself
What are chromosomes 1 – 22 called?
What is the 23rd pair of chromosomes called?
What are all of your cells called in your body?
What are the egg and sperm cells called?
Draw two different views of a chromosome (before and after synthesis).
What is co-dominance?
-you see both traits..they are both dominant.
Ex. Blood Type
What is incomplete dominance?
-a blending of two traits.
Ex. Straight hair + curly hair= wavy hair
Why do we use a pedigree chart?
To determine who has or doesn't have a trait/disorder.
DNA has two functions. What are they?
-DNA makes RNA
What are the 5 types of mutations?