Biology Test

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TrevorJr
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79739
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Biology Test
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2011-04-14 21:51:11
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Chapter Test Review
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  1. Linnaeus's two-word system for naming organisms is called binomial nomenclature.
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  2. Taxonomy is the science of naming and classifying organisms
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  3. All scientific names must have two Latin words
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  4. The basic biological unit in the Linnaean system of calssification is the species
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  5. An advantage of our scientific naming system is that biologists can communicate regardless of their native languages
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  6. Under the Linnaean system of classification, plants and animasl are sorted into groups based on form and structure
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  7. The largest division that a group of organisms can belong to is a domain.
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  8. Protista is an example of a kingdom
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  9. Similar genera are grouped into an family
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  10. A species is a narrowly defined group of organisms
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  11. Each level of classification is based on shared characteristics
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  12. A biological species is isolated reproductively from other species
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  13. A hybrid is produced from interbreeding between closely related species
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  14. Dogs and wolves are members of the same family, the same genus, but different species
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  15. The biological species concept is difficult to apply to asexually reproducing organisms
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  16. Similar features evolved through convergent evolution are called analogous characters
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  17. Analogous structures perform the samde function in organisms
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  18. A protist may be unicellular and heterotrphic, unicellular and autotrophic, and multicellular and autotrophic
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  19. The kingdom Protista includes most of the single-celled eukaryotes, slime and water molds and multicellular seaweed.
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  20. Protists are found almost everywhere there is water
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  21. Proteists: damp soil or sand as protists: oceans
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  22. Eukaryotes that lack the features of animals, plants, or fungi are placed in the kingdom Portista
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  23. You have been given an unknown organism to identify. You find that it is unicellular and has a cell wall. Which of the following must it also have? Asexual Reporduction
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  24. When Chlamydomonas reproduces asexually, it divides by mitosis, and producing haploid gametes
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  25. Zoospores are produced as a result of mitosis
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  26. The haplod, gemete-producting phase in the life cycle of some portists is knwon as the gametophyte generation
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  27. The marine green alga Ulva reproduceds sexually by alternation of generations
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  28. Pseudopodia are used for movement by amoebas
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  29. Amoebas capture food by engulfing it
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  30. When an individual diatom gets too small because of repeated division, it slips out of its shell, grows to full size, and regenerates a new shell.
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  31. Algae are found in both fresh water and salt water.
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  32. Kinetoplastids reproduce sexually and asexually, are unicellular, cand cause diseases in humans.
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  33. Euglena is an example of a protist that is both autotrophic and heterotrophic
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  34. Dino flagellates: flagella as ::amoebas : pseudopodia
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  35. The process in which two Paramecia coame together after meiosis to exchange parts of their genetic material is called conjugation
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  36. RTTIA. Exvess water in the body of the Paramecium is forced back out by the structure labeled E
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  37. RTTIA. The stucture that contains the cell's chromosomes is labeled B
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  38. RTTIA. Structure E is the contractile vacuole
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  39. RTTIA. The sturcture that contains fragmented chromosmes used in routine cellulat functions is labeled A
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  40. Pseudopodia and cilia : locomatoin structures as ::food and contractile: : vacuoles in Paramecia
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  41. In addition to causing diseased, protists also affect humans through their role in the nitrogen cycle, the diseases they transmit to plants, and the diseases they cause in livestock
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  42. Giardiasis is a diease that is spread through contaminated food and water
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  43. African sleeping sickness is spread by tsetse flies
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  44. Which of the following are human diseases caused by protists? amebic dysentery, toxoplasmosids, malaria
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  45. giardiasis: contaminated water :: malaria : mosquito
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  46. The protozoan that causes malaria reproduces in the red blood cells of a human
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  47. Malaria is caused by several species of Plasmodium
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  48. The stage in the life cycle of Plasmodium in which it lives in mosquitos and is injected into humans is called the sporozoite, and follow a cycle.
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  49. The symptomas of malaria include delirium, sweating and, include severe chills and fever
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  50. Quinine can be used to relieve the sympotoms of malaria
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  51. Chitin is found in fungi and in the outer shells of insects
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  52. The individual filaments that make up the body of a fungus ae called hyphae
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  53. Reproductive structures in which spores from are known as sporangia
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  54. Mycorrhizae aid in the transfer of minerals from the soil to a plant
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  55. A lichen consists of a fungus and an alga in a symbiotic relationship.
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