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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
79753
Filename:
me
Updated:
2011-04-15 15:08:05
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oral pathology exam
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Description:
endocrine/bone and blood/inherited
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  1. marked decrease in the number of granulocytes, particularly neutrophils
    agranulocytosis
  2. lack of development
    aplasia
  3. small flat hemorrhagic patch on the skin or mucous membrane (bruise)
    ecchymosis
  4. the volume percentage of rbc's in the whole blood
    hematocrit
  5. chemical substance produced in the body that has a specific regulatory effect on certain cells or organs
    hormone
  6. excess of glucose in the blood
    hyperglycemia
  7. deficiency of phosphates in the blood
    hypophosphatemia
  8. accumulation of acid in the body resulting from the accumulation of ketone bodies
    ketoacidosis
  9. decreased number of neutrophils in the blood
    neutopenia
  10. parathyroid hormone
    parathormone
  11. disc shaped structure found in the blood; for blood coagulation
    platelet
  12. blod disorder characterized by purplish or brownish red discolorations caused by bleeding into the skin or tissues
    pupura
  13. platelet
    thrombocyte
  14. reduction of the number of rbc's quantity of hemoglobin or volume of packed rbc's
    anemia
  15. formation of a clot
    coagulation
  16. insoluble protein that is essential to the clotting of blood
    fibrin
  17. release of hemoglobin from rbc's by destruction of the cells
    hemolysis
  18. enlargement of the liver
    hepatomegaly
  19. excess of calcium in the blood
    hypercalcemia
  20. hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates glucose metabolism and is a major fuel-regulating hormone
    insulin
  21. rbc that is smaller than normal
    microcyte
  22. abnormal rarefaction of bone
    osteoporosis
  23. minute red spot on skin or mucosa caused by the escape of a small amount of blood
    petechia
  24. increase in the total rbc mass in the blood
    polycythemia
  25. enlargement of the spleen
    splenomegaly
  26. decrease in the number of platelets in circulating blood
    thrombocytopenia
  27. stoppage or cessation of bleeding
    hemostasis
  28. muscle pain
    myalgia
  29. a transmucosal element that screws into the top of an implant fixture and can support a single crown or a framework for a fixed or detachable prosthesis
    abutment
  30. method of evaluating a joint involving the insertion of small cannulas along with a camera and instrument into a joint
    arthroscopy
  31. pad of fibrocartilage or dense fibrous tissue present in some synovial joints (tmj)
    articular disc
  32. a joint
    articulation
  33. listening to sounds within the body
    ausculation
  34. a dry, crackling sound
    creptitus
  35. direct apposition of bone to the implant surface
    osseointegration
  36. transparent, viscous fluid that is secreted by the synovial membrane and found in joint cavities
    synovial fluid
  37. 2 types of implants
    • endosseous (osseointegrated)
    • subperiosteal
  38. excess hormone production by anterior pituitary gland.
    patients have thickened tongue
    hyperpituitarism
  39. excess production of the thyroid hormone.
    more common in women.
    rosy complexion, excessive sweating, fine hair, protrusion of the eyeballs!

    premature exfoliation
    burning tongue, rapid decay
    hyerthyroidism aka "thyrotoxicosis"
  40. decreased output of thyroid hormone
    -synthroid for undersecretion
    hypothyroidism
  41. increase growth hormone production
    gigantism
  42. hypersecretion of growth hormone
    acromegaly
  43. thickened tongue
    macroglossia
  44. protrusion of the eyeballs
    exopthalmus
  45. hypothyroidism present during infancy and childhoodd
    cretinism
  46. hypothyroidism present in older children and adults
    myxedema
  47. excessive production of the (pth).
    pth plays important role in calcium and phosphorus metabolism
    hyperparathyroidism
  48. elevated blood levels of calcium
    hpyercalcemia
  49. low levels of blood phosphorus
    hypophosphatemia
  50. benign tumor of parathyroid gland
    parathyroid adenoma
  51. radiographically (cgcg)
    central giant cell granuloma
    hyperparathyroidism
  52. involves beta cells of the pancreas.
    chronic disorder of glucose metabolism that is characterized by abnormally high blood glucose levels which results from lack of insulin
    hyperglycema/ diabetes mellitus
  53. production of ketone acid from breakdown of fatty tissues is life-threatening.
    blood ph is lowered
    ketoacidosis
  54. autoimmunity leads to the destruction of insulin
    5-10% of diabetes patients
    3 p's
    controlling blood glucose levels is the problem
    insulin injections
    iddm
  55. increase insulin resistance
    90% of diabetes
    obesity is common
    less complications
    niddm
  56. adrenal cortical insufficiency
    tuberculosis can be responsible
    increase in production of (acth)
    stimulates melanocytes-causes bronzing of the skin
    addisons disease
  57. most common form
    more maxilla than mand.
    ribs, femur, tibia
    painless swelling or bulging of the jaw
    monostatic fibrous dysplasia
  58. involvement of more than one bone!
    skin lesions- cafe au lait
    (albrights syndrome)
    polyostatic fibrous dysplasia
  59. menses, pubic hair, and breast development by two years of age
    precocious puberty
  60. aka osteitis deformans
    chronic metabolic disease-resorption, osteoblastic repair, remineralization, of involved bone
    pagets disease
  61. deficiency of calcium
    in children deficiensy of vitamin d-rickets!
    osteomalacia
  62. difficulty swallowing, atrophy of the upper alimentary tract, and predispostion to development of oral cancer
    dysphagia
  63. rbc's smaller than normal
    microcytic
  64. plummer-vinson syndrome
    result of long standing iron deficiency
  65. extrinsic factor-needed for b-12 absorption-needed for dna synthesis
    pernicious anemia
  66. group of inherited disorders of hemoglobin synthesis. hemolytic anemia-damage and destruction of rbc's
    thalassemia
  67. decrease o2 cell becomes sickle shape x-ray appears like "hair-on-end"
    abnormal hemoglobin
    sickle-cell anemia
  68. sensitivity to gluten
    diarrhea, nervousness, and parathesia of extremities
    glossitis-burning pain of the tongue
    celiac sprue
  69. leukopenia
    decrease in wbc's
  70. thrombocytopenia
    decrease in platelets
  71. neoplastic proliferation of bone marrow stem cells that resultsin abnormally high number of rbc's
    polysythemia vera
  72. increase in blood cells caused by physiologic response of decreased o2
    secondary polycythemia
  73. decreased plasma.
    relative polycythemia
  74. enlargement of spleen
    slenomegaly
  75. enlargement of liver
    hepatomegaly
  76. chromosomal abnormality -philadelphia chromosome
    chronic myeloid leukemia
  77. fourth of all leukemia cases
    chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  78. binds platelets to form clots
    fibrin
  79. inherited disorder of platelet function
    von-willebrand's disease
  80. normal time for bleeding to stop (form a clot)
    1-6 minutes
  81. normal pt
    11-16 seconds
  82. ptt (kaolin, cephalin)
    25-40 seconds
  83. drugs that affect clotting
    aspirin, coumadin, nsaids, warfarin
  84. disorder of blood coagulation results in severley prolonged clotting time.
    "free-bleeders"
    hemophelia
  85. b cells do not mature and thus a lack plasma cells throughout the body
    bruton's disease
  86. thymic hypoplasia, thymus is missing or lacking and t-lymphocytes do not mature
    digeorge's syndrome
  87. infants..die within the first year of life and are vulnerable to all forms of viral, fungal, and bacterial infections
    severe combined immunodeficiency
  88. identified in the 1983
    transmitted via sexual contact
    infects the cd4 t-helper lymphocytes
    hiv
  89. to be considered seropositive for hiv
    person must have 2+ elisa's, and a + western blot test*
  90. muscles of mastication
    masseter, temporalis, adn medial/lateral pterygoid muscles
  91. used to determine disc position
    arthrography
  92. used to determine position and condition of disc
    mri

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