PSY491_Ch9_Glossary

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Author:
darwinguevarra
ID:
79780
Filename:
PSY491_Ch9_Glossary
Updated:
2011-04-15 00:20:08
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psy491ex3g
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Description:
Ch. 9: Escape, Avoidance, and Punishment
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  1. avoidance theory of punishment
    Punishment involving a type of avoidance conditioning in which the avoidance response consists of any behavior other than the behavior being punished.
  2. conditioned suppression theory of punishment
    The assumption that punishment does not weaken a behavior, but instead produces an emotional response that interferes with the occurrence of the behavior.
  3. exposure and response prevention (ERP)
    A method of treating obsessive-compulsive behavior that involves prolonged exposure to anxiety-arousing events while not engaging in the compulsive behavior pattern that reduces the anxiety.
  4. extrinsic punishment
    Punishment that is not an inherent aspect of the behavior being punished but that simply follows the behavior.
  5. generalized (or generalized secondary) punisher
    An event that has become punishing because it has in the past been associated with many other punishers.
  6. intrinsic punishment
    Punishment that is an inherent aspect of the behavior being punished.
  7. learned helplessness
    A decrement in learning ability that results from repeated exposure to uncontrollable aversive events.
  8. Premack principle of punishment
    A low-probability behavior (LPB) can be used to punish a high-probability behavior (HPB).
  9. primary (or unconditioned) punisher
    Any event that is innately punishing.
  10. response cost
    A form of negative punishment involving the removal of a specific reinforcer following the occurrence of a behavior.
  11. secondary (or conditioned) punisher
    An event that has become punishing because it has in the past been associated withs ome other punisher.
  12. time-out
    A form of negative punishment involving the loss of access to positive reinforcers for a brief period of time following the occurrence of a problem behavior.
  13. two-process theory of avoidance
    The theory that avoidance behavior is the result of two distinct processes: (1) classical conditioned, in which a fear response comes to be elicited by a CS, and (2) operant conditioning, in which moving away from the CS is negatively reinforced by a reduction in fear.

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