AP

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Author:
CalTalisaPal28
ID:
79831
Filename:
AP
Updated:
2011-04-15 15:19:41
Tags:
FINAL
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Description:
female reproduction
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  1. accessory organs of reproduction in women
    • -uterus
    • -vagina
    • -vulva
  2. term that refers to the external female genitalia
    vulva
  3. mammary glands are referred to as
    additional sex glands
  4. the ovaries are homologous to the male ___
    testes
  5. cells of ovarian tissue secrete
    • -estradiol
    • -estrone
    • -progesterone
  6. the bulging upper component of the uterus
    fundus
  7. innermost lining of the uterus
    endometrium
  8. terminal end of birth canal
    vagina
  9. site of mentruation
    uterus
  10. site of fertilization
    uterine tubes
  11. receptacle for sperm
    vagina
  12. True or False: ovarian follicles contrain oocytes
    True
  13. the external genitals of the female may be referred to collectively as the
    pudendum
  14. mensees occurs on days ___ of a new cycle
    1-5
  15. ovulation usually occurs on cycle day ___ of a 28 day cycle
    14
  16. failure to have a menstrual cycle is termed
    amenorrhea
  17. hormone that triggers ovulation
    luteinizing hormone (LH)
  18. avg age at which menopause occurs
    45-50 yrs
  19. True or False: cyclical changes in the ovaries result from cyclical changes in the amts of gonadotropins secreted by the anterior pituitary
    True
  20. often occurs from STIs or from a "yeast infection"
    vaginitis
  21. benign tumor of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue; also known as fibroid tumor
    myoma
  22. absence of normal menstruation
    amenorrhea
  23. collection of symptoms that regularly occur in many women during the premenstrual phase
    premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  24. acute or chronic inflammation caused by pathogens which spread up from vagina
    pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  25. painful menstruation
    dysmenorrhea
  26. whitish discharge
    leukorrhea
  27. essential organ of reproduction
    ovary
  28. external reproductive organ
    endometriosis
  29. yeast infection
    candida albicans
  30. inflammation of the uterine tube
    salpingitis
  31. menopause
    climacteric
  32. phase that occurs between ovulation and the onset of the menses
    premenstrual or postovulatory
  33. stimulates breast alveoli to secrete milk
    prolactin
  34. stimulates breast alveoli to eject milk
    oxytocin
  35. sexual cell division is known as
    meiosis
  36. immediately after ovulation, cells of the reptured follicle enlarge and become transformed into the
    corpus luteum
  37. marked by the passge of 1 full yr without menstruation
    menopause
  38. occurs on days 1-5 of a new cycle
    menses or menstrual period
  39. permits discharge of materials between the offspring's blood and the maternal blood
    placenta
  40. menopause (or climacteric)
    • -avg age at which menstruation ceases= 45-50 yrs
    • -gonadotropins extracted from the urine of menopausal women (menotropins) are used as fertility drugs
    • -relatively low concentrations of gonadotropins (FSH and LH) sustain a peak of estrogen secretion from menarche to menopause.
    • -After menopause, estrogen concentration decreases dramatically-causing a negative feedback response that increases the gonadotropin levels
    • -the increased gonadotropin level no longer has no effect on estrogen secretion
  41. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    -source
    -target
    -action
    • source: anterior pituitary (gonadotroph cells)
    • target: ovary
    • action: gonadotropin; promotes development of ovarian follicle; stimulates estrogen secretion
  42. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
    -source
    -target
    -action
    • source: hypothalamus (neuroendocrine cells)
    • target: anterior pituitary (gonadotroph cells)
    • action: stimulates production and release of gonadotropins (FSH and LH) from anterior pituitary
  43. Luteinizing hormone (LH)
    -source
    -target
    -action
    • source: anterior pituitary (gonadotroph cells)
    • target: ovary
    • action: Gonadotropin; triggers ovulation; promotes development of corpus luteum
  44. Progesterone
    -source
    -target
    -action
    • source: ovary and placenta
    • target: uterus, mammary glands, other tissues
    • action: helps maintain proper conditions for pregnancy
  45. Estrogen
    -source
    -target
    -action
    • source: ovary and placenta (small amts in other tissues)
    • target: uterus, breast, other tissues
    • action: stimulates development of female sexual characteristics, breast development, bone and nervous system maintanance

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