Compendium Final

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caitlyn0217
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79857
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Compendium Final
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2011-04-19 12:29:40
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Compendium Final
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Final Compendium questions
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  1. Which pituitary cell type secretes luteinizing hormone?

    A. gonadotropic cells
    B. somatotropic cells
    C. mammotropic cells
    D. thyrotropic cells
    E. corticotropic cells
    A. gonadotropic cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which gland is comprised of chief cells that are arranged in thick, branching cords and secrete a hormone, which raises low blood calcium levels?

    A. thyroid gland
    B. thymus
    C. adrenal gland
    D. pituitary gland
    E. parathyroid gland
    E. parathyroid gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Glucocorticoids, which stabilize blood glucose levels, are secreted by the:

    a. zona glomerulosa
    b. zona fasciculata
    c. zona reticulata.
    d. B and C
    e. A and C
    • d. B and C
    • b. zona fasciculata
    • c. zona reticulata
  4. Which hormones are found in the neurohypophysis?

    A. ADH and oxytocin
    B. oxytocin and FSH
    C. FSH and LH
    D. ocytocin and PRL
    E. LH and ADH
    A. ADH and oxytocin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The right ventricle:

    A. recieves oxygenated blood
    B. pumps blood out of the heart to the pulmonary circuit
    C. sends blood out through the aortic semilunar valve to the systemic circulation
    D. receives blood from the right atrium through the mitral (bicuspid) valve.
    E. has thicker muscular walls than does the left ventricle.
    B. pumps blood out of the heart to the pulmonary circuit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The superior surface of the heart is the:

    A. sternocostal surface
    B.anterior surface
    C. diaphragmatic surface
    D. base
    E. apex
    D. base
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The prominent muscles that run along the inner surface of the ventricles and which are attached to chordae tendinae are:

    A. chordae tendineae
    B. pectinate muscles.
    C. papillary muscles
    D. fossa ovalis
    E. trabeculae carneae
    C. papillary muscles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Besides transporting respiratory gases, what other functions are performed by erythrocytes?

    A. they assist in phagocytizing foreign pathogens
    B. A and B
    C. they carry antigens to the peripheral tissues
    D. none: transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide is their only function
    E. they participate in immune respone with white blood cells.
    D. none: transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide is their only function
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Neutrophils and monocytes are types of:

    A. erythrocytes
    B. lymphocytes
    C. leukocytes
    D. basophils
    E. eosinophils
    C. leukocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. the bulges that give the lymphatic vessels the "string of beads" appearance is due to:

    A. thickening in the endothelial lining of the lymph vessels at evenly spaced intervals
    B. aggregations of B cells and C cells
    C. periodic inflammation of the tissues that remove bacteria and viruses form other body tissues
    D. closely spaced valves within the vessels
    E. regions of higher pressure within the lymph vessels, which cause the walls to bulge
    D. closely spaced valves within the vessels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The most superior branch of the abdominal aorta, which supplies the liver, stomach, esophagus, gallbladder, duodenum, pancreas, and spleen is:

    A. the gonadal artery
    B. the celiac trunk
    C. the superior mesenteric artery
    D. the common iliac artery
    E. the inferior mesenteric artery
    B. the celiac trunk
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which is the least common type of white blood cell?

    A. basophil
    B. monocyte
    C. lymphocyte
    D. neutrophil
    E. eosinophil
    A. basophil
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following applies to elastic arteries?

    A. the tunica media of these arteries contain a high density of elastic fibers and relatively few smooth muscle cells
    B. the tunica media consists of scattered smooth muscle fibers that do not form a complete layer
    C. they have a poorly defined tunica externa
    D. these vessels distribute blood to the skeletal muscles and internal organs of the body
    e. none of the above applies to elastic arteries
    A. the tunica media of these arteries contain a high density of elastic fibers and relatively few smooth muscle cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The right common carotid artery and right subclavian arteries are branches of the:

    A. brachiocephalic trunk
    B. vertebral artery
    C. aortic arch
    D. thyrocervical trunk
    e. none of the above
    A. brachiocephalic trunk
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. After leaving the thoracic cavity and passing over the outer border of the first rib, the subclavian artery becomes the:

    A. brachial artery
    B. clavicular artery
    C. ulnar artery
    D. radial artery
    E. axillary artery
    E. axillary artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which blood cell lacks a nucleus?

    A. lymphocyte
    B. megakaryocyte
    C. mature basophil
    D. immature RBC
    E. mature RBC
    E. mature RBC
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Capillaries whose endothelial cells are connected by tight junctions are called:

    A. continuous capillaries
    B. fenestrated capillaries
    C. lacteals
    D. sinusoids
    E. sinusoidal capillaries
    A. continuous capillaries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. An artery can be distinguished from a vein by all of the following means except:

    A. arteries have a smaller lumen than does a similar-sized vein
    B. in a cross section, the lumen of a vein appears to be thrown into folds, while that of an artery is smooth
    C. arterial walls are thicker than those of veins
    D. arterial walls retain their round shape due to their thick and strong walls, while veins tend to collapse because their walls are thinner
    e. all of the above are true
    B. in a cross section, the lumen of a vein appears to be thrown into folds, while that of an artery is smooth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of these is not part of a lymph node?

    A. white pulp
    B. trabeculae
    C. nodule
    D. cortex
    E. medulla
    A. white pulp
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Muscular arteries:

    a. have a thick tunica media with a large amount of smooth muscle fiber within them
    b. are larger than elastic arteries and smaller than arterioles
    c. are exemplified by the external carotid, brachial, and femoral arteries
    d. are a cushion to prevent rises in blood pressure from causing circulation problems
    e. have the attributes of A and C
    • e. have the attributes of A and C
    • a. have a thick tunica media with a large amount of smooth muscle fiber within them
    • c. are exemplified by the external carotid, brachial, and femoral arteries
  21. Which artery delivers blood to most of the large intestine?

    A. splenic artery
    B. superior mesenteric artery
    C. inferior mesenteric artery
    D. common hepatic artery
    E. celiac trunk
    B. superior mesenteric artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which layer of blood vessels consists of collagen and elastic fibers, with cells and fibers running longitudinally?

    A. tunica externa
    B. tunica elastica
    C. tunica media
    D. tunica intima
    E. tunica interna
    A. tunica externa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Metarterioles are structural intermediates between which of the following?

    A. arterioles and venules
    B. venules and capillaries
    C. arterioles and capillaries
    D. thoroughfare channels and venules
    E. capillaries and venules
    C. arterioles and capillaries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following is defined by the "lub" sound during the cardiac cycle?

    A. closing of atrioventricular valves at the start of ventricular systole
    B. opening of atrioventricular valves at the start of atrial systole
    C. closing of atrioventricular valves at the end of ventricular systole
    D. closing of semilunar valves at the end of ventricular systole
    E. opening of semilunar valves at the end of ventricular systole
    A. closing of atrioventricular valves at the start of ventricular systole
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The ability of leukocytes to move through vessel walls is called:

    A. lymphopenia
    B. diapedesis
    C. leukocytosis
    D. leukopenia
    E. chemotaxis
    B. diapedesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following is the primary source of plasma proteins?

    A. spleen
    B. bone marrow
    C. thymus
    D. pancreas
    E. liver
    E. liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. And excessive platelet count (≥1,000,000 per ul), indicating accelerated platelet formation in response to infection, inflammation, or cancer, is called:

    A. thrombocytosis
    B. leukocytosis
    C. thrombocytopenia
    D. epistaxis
    E. hemostasis
    A. thrombocytosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Normal erythropoiesis is myeloid tissues requires adequate supplies of amino acids, iron, and:

    A. vitamin B12
    B. vitamin D
    C. retinoic acid
    D. fibrinogen
    E. vitamin A
    A. vitamin B12
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The basic functional unit of the liver is the:

    A. lobule
    B. falciform ligament
    C. glomerulus
    D. hepatocyte
    E. Kuppfer cell
    A. lobule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the
    following in not a function of the
    respiratory system?

    A. providing an extensive surface area for gas exchange
    B. protection from dehydration by filtering water out of the air.
    C. production of sound
    D. movement of air to and from the exchange surfaces
    e. all of the above are functions of the respiratory system
    B. protection from dehydration by filtering water out of the air
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following is a small intestine feature that increases the
    surface area for digestion and absorption?

    a .cilia
    b. microvilli
    c. haustra
    d. teniae coli
    e. rugae
    b. microvilli
  32. Which of the following absorbs digested fats?

    A. rugae
    B. lacteals
    C. enteroendocrine cells
    D. absorptive cells
    E. intestinal crypts
    B. lacteals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Contraction of the cremaster muscle:

    A. moves sperm through the ductus deferens
    B. B and C
    C. propels sperm through the urethra
    D. moves the testis closer to the body cavity
    E. produces an erection
    D. moves the testis closer to the body cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. An hepatic (portal) triad consists of branches of the:

    A. hepatic artery, central vein, and bile duct
    B. hepatic portal vein, hepatic artery, and bile duct
    C. hepatic portal vein, hepatic artery, and hepatic vein
    D. hepatic portal vein, central vein, and hepatic artery
    E. central vein, hepatic vein, and bile duct
    B. hepatic portal vein, hepatic artery, and bile duct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The ureters:

    A. are not retroperitoneal
    B. have a layer of transitional epithelium
    C. A and B
    D. have specialized subdivisions called the urethrae
    E. take exactaly the same path to the bladder in men and women
    B. have a layer of transitional epithelium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The process whereby ovum production occurs is:

    A. triggered by completely different hormones than those of the mall that
    B. oogenesis
    C. atresia
    initiate spermatogenesis
    d. continuous throughout the life of the individual
    e. none of the above
    B. oogenesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Compared with the right primary bronchus, the left primary bronchus is:

    a. more prone to blockage
    b. steeper
    c. less resistant to airflow
    d. all of the above
    e. none of the above
    e. none of the above
  38. Which of the following is a function of Sertoli cells (nurse cells)?

    a. nourish the spermatogenic cells
    b. secrete androgen-binding protein (ABP)
    c. form the blood-testis barrier
    d. A and C
    e. all of the above
    e. all of the above
  39. Which cells produce surfactant?

    A. B and D
    B. alveolar macrophages
    C. Type I cells
    D. Type II cells
    E. endothelial cells
    D. Type II cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The left lung:
    A. is supplied entirely by a secondary bronchus
    B. has a cardiac notch
    C. has three lobes
    D. receives oxygenated blood from the heart
    e. all of the above
    B. has a cardiac notch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which arteries directly supply the basilar layer of the endometrium?

    A. straight arteries
    B. testicular arteries
    C. spiral arteries
    D. genitofemoral arteries
    E. radial arteries
    A. straight arteries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The mechanism of urine production in the uriniferous tubule, a process in which most of the nutrients, water and essential ions are reclaimed from the filtrate is called:

    A. secretion
    B. reabsorption
    C. filtration
    D. micturition
    e. none of the above
    B. reabsorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which of the following is located on the posterior wall of the bladder interior, defined by the openings for both ureters and for the urethra?

    A. trigone
    B. posterolateral angle
    C. internal urethral sphincter
    D. urachus
    E. inferior angle (neck)
    A. trigone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The layer, which adheres directly to the kidney's surface is the:

    A. pararenal fat
    B. renal fascia
    C. adipose capsule
    D. fibrous capsule
    E. perirenal fat
    D. fibrous capsule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which female reproductive organ is homologous to the corpus
    spongiosum?

    A. labia majora
    B. labia minora
    C. clitoris
    D. vaginal fornix
    E. vestibular bulbs
    E. vestibular bulbs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Blood exits the glomerulus via the:

    A. afferent arteriole
    B. lobar artery
    C. efferent arteriole
    D. renal artery
    E. segmental artery
    C. efferent arteriole
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which structure(s) marks the boundary between the superior nasopharyx
    and the rest of the pharynx?

    A. hard palate
    B. inferior meatus
    C. paranasal sinuses
    D. soft palate
    E. nasal conchae
    D. soft palate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Which layer of the tracheal wall contains seromucous glands?

    A. submucosa
    B. mucosa
    C. adventitia
    D. serosa
    E. muscularis externa
    A. submucosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which structure(s) is/are found in the large intestine?

    A. hepatopancreatic ampulla
    B. plicae circulares
    C. villi
    D. teniae coli
    E. rugae
    D. teniae coli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which structure leads directly from the gallbladder toward the porta hepatis?

    A. left hepatic duct
    B. right hepatic duct
    C. cystic duct
    D. common bile duct
    E. common hepatic duct
    C. cystic duct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The pancreatic and pancreato-duodenal arteries are major branches from the:

    A. pancreatic, gastric, and splenic arteries
    B. C and D
    C. splenic, gastric, and superior mesenteric arteries
    D. inferior mesenteric, common hepatic, and splenic arteries
    E. common hepatic, superior mesenteric, and splenic arteries
    E. common hepatic, superior mesenteric, and splenic arteries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Which layer appears in the inferior third of the ureters?

    A. fibroelastic lamina propria
    B. adventitia
    C. external circular smooth muscle layer
    D. mucosa
    E. external longitudinal smooth muscle layer
    E. external longitudinal smooth muscle layer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Compression of which structure(s) compresses the urinary bladder, expelling its contents into the urethra?

    A. lateral umbilical ligament
    B. median umbilical ligament
    C. cremaster muscle
    D. detrusor muscle
    E. bulbospongiosus muscle
    D. detrusor muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Which phase of the ovarian cycle involves a weakening and rupture of the follicle wall?

    A. luteal phase
    B. secretory phase
    C. ovulation
    D. follicular phase
    E. proliferative phase
    A. luteal phase
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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