ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

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Anonymous
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7990
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ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
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2010-02-24 15:13:51
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ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
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ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
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  1. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
    A GROUP OF GLANDS THAT SECRETE SUBSTANCES DIRECTLY INTO THE BLOODSTREAM. DUCTLESS GLANDS
  2. EXOCRINE
    DUCT GLANDS
  3. PANCREAS
    ENDOCRINE AND EXOCRINE GLAND. SECRETES PANCREATIC JUICES THROUGH BY WAY OF DUCT AND SECRETES INSULIN DIRECTLY INTO THE BLOOD STREAM, NO DUCT
  4. HORMONES
    SECRETIONS FROM ENDOCRINE GLANDS
  5. HORMONE
    A CHEMICAL MESSENGER THAT CAUSES CHANGES.
  6. PITUITARY GLAND
    MASTER GLAND OF THE BODY. IT IS SECURE IN A BONY CRADLE DEEP WITHIN THE SKULL. SMALL AS A PEA, SECRETES 9 KNOWN HORMONES.
  7. HYUPOTHLAMUS
    CONTROLS THE PRODUCTION OF THE PITUITARY HORMONES.
  8. ACROMEGALY
    IF YOUR BODY PRODUCES TOO MUCH GH IN ADULT HOOD. THIS IS AN OVERPRODUCTION OF GH.
  9. GONADOTROPIC HORMONES
    CONTROL THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM IN BOTH MALES AND FEMALES
  10. PITUITARY GLAND HAS TWO LOBES
    ANTERIOR LOBE AND POSTERIOR LOBE
  11. THYROID GLAND
    HAS TWO LOBES
  12. GOITER
    AN ENLARGED THYROID GLAND - USUALLY CAUSED FROM LACK OF IODINE
  13. EXOPHTHALMIA
    WHEN THE EYES PROTRUDE DRAMATICALLY. THIS IS USUALLY A CAUSE OF HYPOTHYROIDISM (THYROID ACTIVITY IS BELOW NORMAL)
  14. THYROIDECTOMY
    REMOVAL OF THYROID. USUALLY THE ONLY ANSWER FOR PEOPLE WITH HYPERTHYROIDISM
  15. PARATHYROID GLANDS
    USUALLY TWO PAIRS. AS SMALL AS A WHEAT GRAIN. RESPONSIBLE FOR REGULATING CALCIUM CONTENT OF THE BLOOD
  16. TETANY
    FOUND WITH HYPOPARATHYROIDISM - AND CAUSES TWITCHING.
  17. ADRENAL GLANDS
    SIT ATOP EACH KIDNEY. THE OUTER TISSUE IS THE CORTEX AND THE INNER IS THE MEDULLA. PRINCIPLE HORMONE OF THE MEDULLA IS ADRENALINE. THE MEDULLA IS NOT ESSENTIAL FOR LIFE. THE CORTEX PRODUCES STEROID HORMONES AND IS ESSENTIAL FOR LIFE.
  18. PANCREAS
    DUAL FUNCTION ORGAN, MAJOR HORMONE OF THE PANCREAS IS INSULIN
  19. HYPERGLYCEMIA
    LEVEL OF BLOOD SUGAR RISES TO AN ABNORMAL AMOUNT
  20. HYPOGLYCEMIA
    LOW LEVEL OF BLOOD SUGAR
  21. INSULIN
    IT IS NECESSARY FOR THE METABOLISM OF CARBOHYDRATES
  22. GLYCOSURIA
    WHEN EXCESS GLUCOSE IS FOUND IN THE BLOODD AND EXCRETED IN URINE. THIS IS A COMMON SIGN OF DIABETES MELLITUS
  23. THYMUS GLAND
    TWO LOBED STRUCTURE LOCATED UNDER THE STERNUM. COMPOSED OF MOSTLY LYMPHOID TISSUE.
  24. PINEAL BODY
    SMALL MASS OF TISSUE. BELIEVED TO PRODUCE A HORMONE KNOWN AS MELATONIN.
  25. GONADS
    SEX GLANDS
  26. ESTROGEN
    PRODUCED BY THE OVARIES, PROMOTES GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SEX ORGANS.
  27. PROGESTERONE
    SECRETED BY OVARIES, AIDS IN MAINTAINING PREGNANCY
  28. ACROMEGALY
    WHERE THE PITUITARY GLAND PRODUCES EXCESS GROWTH HORMONE DURING ADULTHOOD
  29. ADDISONS DISEASE
    RESULTS FROM A DEFICIENCY OF ADRENAL HORMONES FROM THE CORTEX OF THE ADRENAL GLAND. CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS ILLNESS AND EVEN DEATH.
  30. GRAVES DISEASE
    THE MOST COMMON FORM OF HYPERTHYROIDISM
  31. MYXEDEMA
    HYPOTHYROIDISM

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