Psychotropic agents

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Author:
cwawrzyn
ID:
80133
Filename:
Psychotropic agents
Updated:
2011-04-21 11:51:30
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Psychotropic agents
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Description:
unit 13
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  1. and increase in this neurotransmitter is associated with psychosis
    dopamine
  2. an increase inthis neurotransmitter is associated with decreased anxiety
    GABA
  3. a decrease in this neurotransmitter is associated with depression
    serotonin
  4. category of drug used to treat schizophrinia
    antipsychotic agents
  5. category of drugs used to treat bipolar disorders
    mood stabilizers
  6. uses include treatment of psychosis, hiccups, and nausea and vomiting
    phenothiazines
  7. used to treat both positive and negative symptoms of schizophrinia
    atypical antipsychotic agents
  8. term used to describe unusual body movements which are a s/e of antipsychotic agents
    extrapyramidal symptoms
  9. s/e of antipsychotic agents producing fever and hypertension
    neuroleptic malignant syndrome
  10. act to enhance levels of GABA to decrease anxiety
    benzodiazepines
  11. act to suppress subcortical areas of CNS to relieve anxiety
    antihistamines
  12. main s/e of benzodiazepines and antihistamines
  13. drowsiness
  14. anxiolytic which has very few s/e
    buspirone (BuSpar)
  15. act by blocking uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin
    TCA's
  16. act by inhibiting monoamine oxidase and increasing neurotransmitters
    MAOI's
  17. adverse reaction to MAOI's
    hypertensive crisis
  18. act by blocking reuptake of serotonin into nerve terminal
    SSRI's
  19. acts to treat bipolar disorder by altering Na and K ion transport
    lithium
  20. act to treat bipolar disorder by stabilizing brain cell membranes
    anticonvulsants
  21. s/e of Paeudoparkinsonism antipsychotic agents:
    tremors, shuffling gait, rigidity
  22. s/e of Tardive dyskinesia antipsychotic agents:
    tongue protrusion, chewing motions
  23. s/s of lithium toxicity
    trembling, slurred speech, oliguria, confusion
  24. common s/e of psychotropic agents
    orthostatic hypotension

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