Australia notecards

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bheight1
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80176
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Australia notecards
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2011-04-17 15:15:23
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australia human geography
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  1. Two-thirds of Australia is occupied by this mass of old shield rocks.
    Western Plateau
  2. Which of the following physical regions of Australia is the remnant of an old folded mountainrange with a steep escarpment on the eastern flanks?
    Eastern Highlands
  3. What are the dry interior drainage basins often called?
    Playas
  4. Geologically speaking, which of these is oldest?
    Australia
  5. The climate of __________ is dominated by the westerly wind belt.
    New Zealand
  6. The eastern coasts of New Zealand are much drier than the western coasts because they lie inthe __________.
    rainshadow to the east of the mountains
  7. Which type of mammal lays eggs?
    montotremes
  8. New Zealand was heavily forested with __________ prior to the arrival of humans about 1000years ago.
    kauri
  9. The largest island in the Melanesian group is:
    New Guinea
  10. All of these are islands in the Micronesian group, except:
    Fiji
  11. The highest mountain in Australia is approximately this many __________ feet above sea level.
    7300
  12. The migration of humans into what is today New Guinea and Australia began about__________ years ago.
    40,000
  13. New Zealandʹs original human population probably arrived about __________ years ago from__________.
    1000/Polynesia
  14. One of the most serious ecological disasters in Australia was the introduction of the__________ to Australia in 1859.
    European Rabbit
  15. Which colonial power claimed Van Diemanʹs Land in 1642, which was later named Tasmania?
    Dutch
  16. What was the name given to the first region of Australia settled by the British as a penalcolony?
    New South Wales
  17. Where in Australia was gold first discovered?
    New South Wales
  18. Who was the Treaty of Waitangi made between?
    Maori/British
  19. What technological innovation helped to increase Australia and New Zealandʹs role in globalagricultural trade after 1882?
    refrigerated shipping
  20. When did Australia become independent?
    1901
  21. What was the effect on Australia after entering World War I?
    contributed to the growth of the industry
  22. During what decade of the twentieth century did Australia and New Zealand decide todramatically reduce government intervention and regulation of the economy?
    1980s
  23. What event caused a scarcity of cotton and the establishment of cotton plantations on Fiji?
    U.S. Civil War
  24. Which of the following is a major income source for Pacific Islands?
    remittances
  25. The political conflict on Fiji is between the native Fijians and:
    people of South Asian ancestry
  26. The main mineral resource in Papua New Guinea is:
    copper
  27. The main mineral resource in New Caledonia is:
    nickel
  28. The White Australia policy favored immigration from __________, followed by __________.
    Northern Europe/ Southern Europe
  29. The South Pacific Forum is an institution that promotes discussion and cooperation on trade,fisheries, and tourism, which consists of __________.
    all independent states of Oceania
  30. The Alliance of Small Island States __________.
    maintains a strong voice in international negotiations to reduce the threat of globalclimate change
  31. Compared to the Australian Aborigenes, the Maori of New Zealand have more power andrecognition from their national government.
    True
  32. Compared to New Zealand, most of Australia is relatively mountainous.
    FALSE
  33. Island biogeography theory states that smaller islands will generally be less biologicallydiverse than larger islands.
    True
  34. The High islands of the Pacific are usually atolls.
    FALSE
  35. Among New Zealandʹs main islands, the North Island has had more recent volcanic activitythan the South Island.
    True
  36. The Eucalyptus tree is also known as the gum tree.
    True
  37. ʺDreamtimeʺ is the aboriginal worldview that links past and future, people and places, in acontinuity that ensures respect for the natural world.
    True
  38. The South Pacific islands tend to have lower population growth rates than Australia or NewZealand.
    FALSE
  39. The Closer Economic Relations is an agreement set out to remove tariffs and restrictionsbetween Australia and New Zealand.
    True
  40. MIRAB stands for migration, remittances, aid and bureaucracy.
    True
  41. The ʺcargo cultʺ is a Pacific Island movement in which the dawn of a coming new age wasassociated with the arrival of goods brought by spiritual beings.
    True
  42. The idea of Ecological Imperialism was popularized by historian Alfred Crosby
    True
  43. What is the capital of French Polynesia?
    Papeete
  44. What is the capital of Papua New Guinea?
    Port Moresby
  45. What is the capital of Vanuatu?
    Port-Vila
  46. What is the capital of Guam?
    Hagatna
  47. What is the capital of the Federated States of Micronesia?
    Palikir
  48. What is the capital of Fiji?
    Suva
  49. What is the capital of the Solomon Islands?
    Honiara

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