Intro to Genetics

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Anonymous
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80180
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Intro to Genetics
Updated:
2011-04-17 15:27:40
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genetics
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  1. scientific study of heredity
    genetics
  2. process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
    fertilization
  3. term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves if allowed to self-pollinate
    true-breeding
  4. specific characteristic that varies from one individual to another
    trait
  5. offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
    hybrid
  6. one of a number of different forms of a gene
    allele
  7. separation of alleles during gamete formation
    segregation
  8. specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
    gamete
  9. sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait
    gene
  10. likelihood that a particular event will occur
    probability
  11. diagram showing the gene combinations that might result from a genetic cross
    Punnett square
  12. term used to refer to an organism that has two identical alleles for a particular trait
    homozygous
  13. physical characteristics of an organism
    phenotype
  14. genetic makeup of an organisms
    genotype
  15. independent segregation of genes during the formation of gametes
    independent assortment
  16. situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over another
    incomplete dominance
  17. situation in which both alleles of a gene contribute to the phenotype of the organism
    codominance
  18. three or more alleles of the same gene
    multiple alleles
  19. trait controlled by two or more genes
    polygenic trait
  20. diagram showing the relative locations of each known gene on a particular chromosome
    gene map

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