Anthropology 1101

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  1. Which of the following most characterizes anthropology among disciplines that studyhumans?
    A. It includes biology.
    B. It studies only groups that are thought to be “dying.”
    C. It studies foreign places.
    D. It is holistic and comparative.
    E. It uses personal interviews of the study population.
    D. It is holistic and comparative.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Over time, how has human reliance on cultural means of adaptation changed?
    A. Humans have become increasingly more dependent on it.
    B. Humans have become entirely reliant on biological means.
    C. Humans no longer use it.
    D. Humans have become increasingly less dependent on it.
    E. Humans are just beginning to depend on it.
    A. Humans have become increasingly more dependent on it.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The presence of more efficient respiratory systems to extract oxygen from the air amonghuman populations living at high elevation is an example of what form of adaptation?
    A. immediate physiological adaptation
    B. symbolic adaptation
    C. genetic adaptation
    D. long-term physiological adaptation
    E. cultural adaptation
    D. long-term physiological adaptation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The fact that anthropology focuses on both culture and biology
    A. is not important at all, since biology is studied by biological anthropologists while culture is studied by cultural anthropologists.
    B. is the reason it has traditionally studied primitive societies.
    C. allows it to address how culture influences biological traits and vice versa.
    D. is unique to the kind of anthropology found in Europe.
    E. is a result of the ethnographic method.
    C. allows it to address how culture influences biological traits and vice versa.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5. What are the four subdisciplines of anthropology?
    A. biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, andarchaeology.
    B. genetic anthropology, physical anthropology, psychological anthropology, anthropologyand linguistics.
    C. primatology, ethnology, cultural anthropology, and paleoscatology.
    D. archaeology, biological anthropology, applied linguistics, and applied anthropology.
    E. medical anthropology, ethnography, ethnology, and cultural anthropology.
    A. biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, andarchaeology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. How are the four subfields of American anthropology unified?
    A. Each subfield studies the human capacity for language.
    B. Each subfield studies human variation through time and space.
    C. Each subfield studies human genetic variation through time and space.
    D. Each subfield studies human biological variability.
    E. The subfields really are not unified; their grouping into one discipline is a historicalaccident.
    B. Each subfield studies human variation through time and space.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. What is ethnography?
    A. The generalizing aspect of cultural anthropology.
    B. The study of animal behavior.
    C. The fieldwork aspect of cultural anthropology.
    D. The study of biological adaptability.
    E. The comparative component of cultural anthropology.
    C. The fieldwork aspect of cultural anthropology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What term is synonymous with applied anthropologists?
    A. working anthropologists
    B. employed anthropologists
    C. practicing anthropologists
    D. performing anthropologists
    E. functioning anthropologists
    C. practicing anthropologists
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is an example of cultural resource management?
    A. a museum returning archaeological finds to the indigenous peoples whose ancestorsproduced the artifacts
    B. archaeology sponsored by indigenous peoples
    C. any archaeological work done in an urban setting
    D. any archaeological research funded by the US government.
    E. the emergency excavation and cataloging of a site that is about to be destroyed by a newhighway
    E. the emergency excavation and cataloging of a site that is about to be destroyed by a newhighway
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. What is a disease?
    A. A health problem as it is experienced by the one affected.
    B. A scientifically described health threat.
    C. A consequence of foraging.
    D. An unnatural state of health.
    E. An artificial product of biomedicine.
    B. A scientifically described health threat.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Why would companies designing and marketing products hire an anthropologist like the onesmentioned in your reading “Coming of Age in Palo Alto” and like Dr. Lucy Suchman whoworks for Xerox (in textbook)?
    A. to provide jobs for the growing number of unemployed academics
    B. to pretend they care about customers’ cultural preferences
    C. to fulfill the requirements to become a non-profit organization
    D. to make sure that they are abiding by the American Anthropological Association’s codeof ethics
    E. to gain a better understanding of their customers in an increasingly multicultural world
    E. to gain a better understanding of their customers in an increasingly multicultural world
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Non-western medicine does not maintain a sharp distinction between biological andpsychological illnesses.
    True
  13. Anthropologists study only non-Western cultures.
    False
  14. Ethnography is one of applied anthropology’s most valuable research tools.
    True
  15. Biomedicine, which aims to link illness to scientifically demonstrated agents that bear nopersonal malice toward their victims, is an example of naturalistic medicine.
    True
  16. Anthropology is unique among other social sciences in its emphasis on both holistic andcross-cultural perspectives.
    True
Author:
ebellga
ID:
8029
Card Set:
Anthropology 1101
Updated:
2010-02-25 01:54:02
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Anthropology
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Midterm
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