Anthropology 1101

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ebellga
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8029
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Anthropology 1101
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2010-02-24 20:54:02
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Anthropology
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Midterm
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  1. Which of the following most characterizes anthropology among disciplines that studyhumans?
    A. It studies only groups that are thought to be “dying.”
    B. It uses personal interviews of the study population.
    C. It is holistic and comparative.
    D. It includes biology.
    E. It studies foreign places.
    C. It is holistic and comparative.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Over time, how has human reliance on cultural means of adaptation changed?
    A. Humans have become increasingly less dependent on it.
    B. Humans are just beginning to depend on it.
    C. Humans have become entirely reliant on biological means.
    D. Humans no longer use it.
    E. Humans have become increasingly more dependent on it.
    E. Humans have become increasingly more dependent on it.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The presence of more efficient respiratory systems to extract oxygen from the air amonghuman populations living at high elevation is an example of what form of adaptation?
    A. immediate physiological adaptation
    B. symbolic adaptation
    C. long-term physiological adaptation
    D. genetic adaptation
    E. cultural adaptation
    C. long-term physiological adaptation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The fact that anthropology focuses on both culture and biology
    A. is a result of the ethnographic method.
    B. is unique to the kind of anthropology found in Europe.
    C. is not important at all, since biology is studied by biological anthropologists while culture is studied by cultural anthropologists.
    D. allows it to address how culture influences biological traits and vice versa.
    E. is the reason it has traditionally studied primitive societies.
    D. allows it to address how culture influences biological traits and vice versa.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5. What are the four subdisciplines of anthropology?
    A. primatology, ethnology, cultural anthropology, and paleoscatology.
    B. biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, andarchaeology.
    C. genetic anthropology, physical anthropology, psychological anthropology, anthropologyand linguistics.
    D. medical anthropology, ethnography, ethnology, and cultural anthropology.
    E. archaeology, biological anthropology, applied linguistics, and applied anthropology.
    B. biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, andarchaeology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. How are the four subfields of American anthropology unified?
    A. Each subfield studies human variation through time and space.
    B. Each subfield studies the human capacity for language.
    C. Each subfield studies human biological variability.
    D. Each subfield studies human genetic variation through time and space.
    E. The subfields really are not unified; their grouping into one discipline is a historicalaccident.
    A. Each subfield studies human variation through time and space.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. What is ethnography?
    A. The fieldwork aspect of cultural anthropology.
    B. The study of biological adaptability.
    C. The generalizing aspect of cultural anthropology.
    D. The study of animal behavior.
    E. The comparative component of cultural anthropology.
    A. The fieldwork aspect of cultural anthropology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What term is synonymous with applied anthropologists?
    A. employed anthropologists
    B. performing anthropologists
    C. functioning anthropologists
    D. working anthropologists
    E. practicing anthropologists
    E. practicing anthropologists
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is an example of cultural resource management?
    A. archaeology sponsored by indigenous peoples
    B. a museum returning archaeological finds to the indigenous peoples whose ancestorsproduced the artifacts
    C. any archaeological work done in an urban setting
    D. the emergency excavation and cataloging of a site that is about to be destroyed by a newhighway
    E. any archaeological research funded by the US government.
    D. the emergency excavation and cataloging of a site that is about to be destroyed by a newhighway
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. What is a disease?
    A. A health problem as it is experienced by the one affected.
    B. A scientifically described health threat.
    C. An artificial product of biomedicine.
    D. An unnatural state of health.
    E. A consequence of foraging.
    B. A scientifically described health threat.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Why would companies designing and marketing products hire an anthropologist like the onesmentioned in your reading “Coming of Age in Palo Alto” and like Dr. Lucy Suchman whoworks for Xerox (in textbook)?
    A. to make sure that they are abiding by the American Anthropological Association’s codeof ethics
    B. to gain a better understanding of their customers in an increasingly multicultural world
    C. to pretend they care about customers’ cultural preferences
    D. to provide jobs for the growing number of unemployed academics
    E. to fulfill the requirements to become a non-profit organization
    B. to gain a better understanding of their customers in an increasingly multicultural world
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Non-western medicine does not maintain a sharp distinction between biological andpsychological illnesses.
    True
  13. Anthropologists study only non-Western cultures.
    False
  14. Ethnography is one of applied anthropology’s most valuable research tools.
    True
  15. Biomedicine, which aims to link illness to scientifically demonstrated agents that bear nopersonal malice toward their victims, is an example of naturalistic medicine.
    True
  16. Anthropology is unique among other social sciences in its emphasis on both holistic andcross-cultural perspectives.
    True

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