Blood and Lymph MDT

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Author:
dabrojr
ID:
80296
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Blood and Lymph MDT
Updated:
2011-04-19 12:45:35
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MDT Blood Lymph
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MDT test 1, Blood and Lymph
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  1. Is considered a decrease amount of RBC's, Hemoglobin content, or Hematocrit
    Anemia
  2. What is considered a decrease circulating number of platelets
    Thrombocytopenia
  3. Draw a lab on an individual and notice there is an increasing number of platelets in the blood, this condition is called
    Thrombocytosis
  4. what suffix represents a decrease in a number or reduction in?
    -penia
  5. this represents an increase in number or in crease production in
    -osis
  6. Refers to RBC's presenting as thier normal size
    Normocytic
  7. Diagnosis noting the normal circulating RBC's are greater than normal?
    Macrocytic
  8. When results show that the concentration of hemoglobin in the RBC's are in the normal range
    Normochromatic
  9. Refers to being smaller than normal
    Micro-
  10. Refers to being of normal size or count
    Normo-
  11. Refers to being larger than normal
    Macro-
  12. Refers to containing a small than normal amount
    Hypo-
  13. Refers to being of larger amount or above normal
    Hyper-
  14. this medication is not meant t for long term use in the treatment of Lymphadema, and is mainly useful for acute exacerbation edema secondary to infection
    Diuretics
  15. What type of antibotic will be usefull for treating lymphadema
    Beta-lactamase-resistant with gram positive coverage
  16. what complications would you have a patient look out for with Lymphadema
    • Lymphangitis
    • Infection
    • Lymphangiosarcoma (Stewart-Treves syndrome)
  17. Described as an acute infection of one or more lymph nodes
    Lymphadentitis
  18. Described as a bacterial infection of the peripheral lymphatic channels
    Lymphangitis
  19. Describes as an acute infection to the cervical lymphnode
    Lymphadenitis
  20. What is caused when a bacteria enters lymphatic channels from an abrasion, wound, or coexsisting infection
    Lyphangitis
  21. Leukocytosis is usually and exam finding of what lymph infection
    Lymphangitis
  22. What is the treatment for an abscess that forms from lymphadenitis?
    Surgical drainage
  23. Lymphangitis requires a follow up in how many hours to ensure antibiotic coverage?
    48 hours
  24. Lymphangitis and lymphadenitis require what two methods of definitive daignosis and treatment?
    • Needle aspiration and culture
    • Excisional biopsy
  25. What is a symptom of Hodgkins lymphoma that occurs in area the disease after consumption of alcoholic beverages?
    Immediate pain
  26. The cause of this disease is unknown, immunosuppression and viruses are thought to be related. Risk factors include Organ transplantation, Hx of Cancer Tx with radiation, AIDs and autoimmune disorders
    Non Hodgkins Lymphoma
  27. Painless lymphadenitis commonly in the neck, mediastinum or chest
    Non hodgkins lymphadenitis
  28. upon exam you note lymphnodes are painless, firm, and rubbery in consistancy. Hepatosplenomegaly and Ascites
    Non Hodgkins Lymphoma
  29. A type of Microcytic anemia where there is a decrease in normal body stores of iron and hemoglobin levels
    Iron Deficiency Anemia
  30. What is the most common form of anemia
    Iron Deficiency Anemia
  31. This may be a symptom of Iron deficiency anemia after long term oxygen deficit
    Difficulty swallowing
  32. Given Ferrous sufate daily for 1-2 months and then additional 4-5 months for iron storage is Tx for
    Iron deficiency anemia
  33. What interferes with iron absorption and should be taught to patients while taking iron suppliments
    Milk, antiacids and certain foods
  34. What is the most common cause of folate deficiency
    Inadequate dietary intake
  35. Inadequate dietary intake is a common cause of
    Folate deciency or Anemia of folic acid
  36. Macro-ovalocytes and hypersegmented neutrophilis on peripheral blood smear are signs of
    Anemia of Folic Acid
  37. Inadequate dietary defiencies of Vitamin B 12
    Anemia of vitamin B 12
  38. What are some causes or etiology of Vitamin B12 anemia
    • Dietary Defiencies
    • Abdominal surgeries
    • deficiency of intrinsic factors
  39. WHat will you notice in the sclera of a pt with vitamin B12 anemia
    Jaundice
  40. Injury or damage to stem cells that inhibit RBC production is
    Aplastic Anemia
  41. Definitive diagnosis and Tx for aplastic anemia is
    • Bone marrow biopsy
    • Bone marrow transplant
  42. These symptoms appear three to 6 months after birth
    Thalassemia
  43. Ta
  44. Fatigue, poor growth. Hx of cholelithiasis, pathological fx and SOB are signs of
    THalassemia
  45. Hemolysis occurs as a result of oxidative stress on the red blood cells, generated by infections or exposure to certain drugs
    Symptoms of G6PD deficiency
  46. these patients cannot take primaquine, quinine, sulfonamides, dapsone, and nitrofurantion due to the initition of hemolysis
    G6PD deficient patients
  47. The exam finding of bite cells are shown in what type of blood smear findings
    G6PD Deficiency
  48. Pt with G6PD defiency are advised to avoid
    • Sulfonamides
    • Antimalarials
  49. With this disorder patients are educated on avoiding asprin
    Congenitial Qualitative platelet disorder
  50. Clinical symptoms such as falling below the growth curve in height and weight around 7 years of age, and delayed puberty
    Sickle Cell anemia
  51. Definitive diagnosis and Tx of Sickcell anemia
    Packed RBC transfusion
  52. Factor IX aslo known as christmas disease
    Hemophilia B
  53. This disorder occurs in complications of obstetrics
    Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
  54. Exam findings of this disorder include Plural friction rub and prolonged clotting times
    Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
  55. Complications of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation include
    • Acute renal failure
    • Shock
    • Cardiac Tamponade
    • Hemothorax
    • Intercerebral hematoma
    • Gangrene and loss of digits
  56. Pts with a diagnosis of exclusion are known to have this
    Idiopathic Thrombocytic purpura
  57. Tx for Idopathic Thrombocytic purpura is
    Predinsone 60-100mg/day in divided doses
  58. Relapse is a complication of what hemological malignancies
    Leukemia
  59. Bone marrow aspiration or needle biopsy, Chemotherapy and/or Bone marrow transplant are definitive dx and tx of
    Leukemia

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