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t/f you want to explain what can occur if the pt does not follow care plan
personalized pt counseling contributes first to the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the ______ and then throught the ______ to the ______ and the ______
knowledge of and belief of health facts are not enough, benefits result when?
knowledge is put into action
when does learning occur?
when an individual changes behavior and when beneficial changes are incorporated into everyday living
when is an individual motivated to practice behavior?
when it leads to achievement of goals that are valued
learning is more effective when an individual is _____- and _______ read to learn
physiologically and psychologically
what is essential for learning?
what are the six steps to the learning ladder?
- self interest
what step of the learning ladder is it when the pt has little concept of the new information about dental and periodontal infections and how they are prevented or controlled
what step to the learning ladder is it when the pt have a good knowledge of the scientific facts but they do not apply the facts to personal action
what step to the learning ladder is it with the pt has a realization of the application of facts/knowleddge to the well being of the individual is an initial motivation
what step to the learing ladder is with awarness and application of self, the response to action is forthcoming when attitude is influenced
what step to the learning ladder is it when pt is testing new knowledge and beginning of change in behavior may lead to an increased awarenss that a real health goal is possible to attain
what step of the learning ladder is it weh self satisfaction in the comfort and value of sound teeth and healthy periodontal tissues helps to make certain practices become part of a daily routine. ultimate mtovation is finally reached
what is the objective of the first lesson?
orientation to dental biofilm removal
if a pt has gingivitis what should be done for the first lesson
show and explain the formation of dental calculus and how periodontal disease can develop if gingivitis is left untreated
if a pt has periodontitis what should be done during the first lesson
introduce pocket formation and the reasons for pocket elimination
if a pt has caries what should be done at the first lesson
food assessment, diet counseling, wellness counseling
what instruction during the first lesson should be given with disclosing agent?
keep it simiple, use toothbrush for biofilm removal
what is the objective of the second lesson?
to evaluate the pts success to date and to review and expand the knowledge content of the previous lesson
when should continuous instruction be given?
at each appointment
when should alteration of goals be done?
at each appt during continuous instruction
when should education start for children
before birth and during first year of birth-educate the partents
what is the best approach when teaching pts?
simple, direct approach with specific contenet and unembellised material.
goals should be _____ and _____
practical and realistic
what must be done before recommendations to patients about new devices are made?
research and study new devices
what can be used over several years to document true evaluation?
oral health history
what are the seven characteristics of evaluating teaching aids
- cultural and linguistic appropriateness
- level of orientation
- cost objectives
what are the two objectives of teaching aids?
- objective of teaching aid must be clear and redialy understood by pt
- activities must be reality centered not fantasy centered (not just entertainment)
what is the purpose of study models as teaching aids?
- explain oral conditions
- teaching OHI
what are the benefits of using a disclosing agent? 5
- increases pt awareness
- personalized OHI
- self assessment
- continuous eval of pt effectivenss in follwoing instruction
what are the six properties of an acceptable disclosing agent?
- color intensity
- intensity duration
- soft tissue irritation
what are three methods of application of a disclosing agent?
- paint on
- chewable tablet
what absorbs the disclosing agent?
pellicle and dental biofilm
does a clean tooth surface absorb the coloring agent of the disclosing agent?
what color is the two tone disclosing agent?
what does red biofilm mean for the two tone disclosing agent?
newly formed thing usually supragingivally
what does blue bioflim with the two tone disclosing agent mean?
thicker older more tenacious, subgingivally and interproximal
what pt instruction must be given with the disclosing agent?
- explain dental biofilm
- show location and distribution
- demonstrate removal
t/f xerostomia is a disease
false-it is a symptom
what are some temporary causes of xerostomia?
- high fever, dehydration, fluid loss
- control of diabetes, hyperthyroidism
what are some permanent causes of xerostomia?
- head and neck radiation
- removal of glands
- Sjogren's syndrome
- drug induced
what drug therapy is used for themanagement of xerostomia
what is an unpleasant odor of exhaled air?
what is the etiology of halitosis?
- 90% tongue
- 10% systmenic/nonoral
what are five systemic causes of halitosis?
- renal/hepatic failure
- upper respiratory
- cirrhosis of liver
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