theory II

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Author:
cassiedh
ID:
80418
Filename:
theory II
Updated:
2011-04-19 00:00:25
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ch23
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Description:
chapter 23 health promotion and disease prevention
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  1. t/f you want to explain what can occur if the pt does not follow care plan
    true
  2. personalized pt counseling contributes first to the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the ______ and then throught the ______ to the ______ and the ______
    • individual
    • individual
    • family
    • community
  3. knowledge of and belief of health facts are not enough, benefits result when?
    knowledge is put into action
  4. when does learning occur?
    when an individual changes behavior and when beneficial changes are incorporated into everyday living
  5. when is an individual motivated to practice behavior?
    when it leads to achievement of goals that are valued
  6. learning is more effective when an individual is _____- and _______ read to learn
    physiologically and psychologically
  7. what is essential for learning?
    motivation
  8. what are the six steps to the learning ladder?
    • unawareness
    • action
    • self interest
    • involvement
    • action
    • habit
  9. what step of the learning ladder is it when the pt has little concept of the new information about dental and periodontal infections and how they are prevented or controlled
    unawareness
  10. what step to the learning ladder is it when the pt have a good knowledge of the scientific facts but they do not apply the facts to personal action
    awareness
  11. what step to the learning ladder is it with the pt has a realization of the application of facts/knowleddge to the well being of the individual is an initial motivation
    self interest
  12. what step to the learing ladder is with awarness and application of self, the response to action is forthcoming when attitude is influenced
    involvement
  13. what step to the learning ladder is it when pt is testing new knowledge and beginning of change in behavior may lead to an increased awarenss that a real health goal is possible to attain
    action
  14. what step of the learning ladder is it weh self satisfaction in the comfort and value of sound teeth and healthy periodontal tissues helps to make certain practices become part of a daily routine. ultimate mtovation is finally reached
    habit
  15. what is the objective of the first lesson?
    orientation to dental biofilm removal
  16. if a pt has gingivitis what should be done for the first lesson
    show and explain the formation of dental calculus and how periodontal disease can develop if gingivitis is left untreated
  17. if a pt has periodontitis what should be done during the first lesson
    introduce pocket formation and the reasons for pocket elimination
  18. if a pt has caries what should be done at the first lesson
    food assessment, diet counseling, wellness counseling
  19. what instruction during the first lesson should be given with disclosing agent?
    keep it simiple, use toothbrush for biofilm removal
  20. what is the objective of the second lesson?
    to evaluate the pts success to date and to review and expand the knowledge content of the previous lesson
  21. when should continuous instruction be given?
    at each appointment
  22. when should alteration of goals be done?
    at each appt during continuous instruction
  23. when should education start for children
    before birth and during first year of birth-educate the partents
  24. what is the best approach when teaching pts?
    simple, direct approach with specific contenet and unembellised material.
  25. goals should be _____ and _____
    practical and realistic
  26. what must be done before recommendations to patients about new devices are made?
    research and study new devices
  27. what can be used over several years to document true evaluation?
    oral health history
  28. what are the seven characteristics of evaluating teaching aids
    • simplicity
    • content
    • cultural and linguistic appropriateness
    • level of orientation
    • durability
    • cost objectives
  29. what are the two objectives of teaching aids?
    • objective of teaching aid must be clear and redialy understood by pt
    • activities must be reality centered not fantasy centered (not just entertainment)
  30. what is the purpose of study models as teaching aids?
    • explain oral conditions
    • teaching OHI
  31. what are the benefits of using a disclosing agent? 5
    • increases pt awareness
    • personalized OHI
    • self assessment
    • continuous eval of pt effectivenss in follwoing instruction
    • research
  32. what are the six properties of an acceptable disclosing agent?
    • color intensity
    • intensity duration
    • taste
    • soft tissue irritation
    • diffusibility
    • astringent
  33. what are three methods of application of a disclosing agent?
    • paint on
    • rinse
    • chewable tablet
  34. what absorbs the disclosing agent?
    pellicle and dental biofilm
  35. does a clean tooth surface absorb the coloring agent of the disclosing agent?
    no
  36. what color is the two tone disclosing agent?
    • red
    • blue
  37. what does red biofilm mean for the two tone disclosing agent?
    newly formed thing usually supragingivally
  38. what does blue bioflim with the two tone disclosing agent mean?
    thicker older more tenacious, subgingivally and interproximal
  39. what pt instruction must be given with the disclosing agent?
    • explain dental biofilm
    • show location and distribution
    • demonstrate removal
  40. t/f xerostomia is a disease
    false-it is a symptom
  41. what are some temporary causes of xerostomia?
    • high fever, dehydration, fluid loss
    • control of diabetes, hyperthyroidism
    • medication
  42. what are some permanent causes of xerostomia?
    • head and neck radiation
    • removal of glands
    • Sjogren's syndrome
    • drug induced
  43. what drug therapy is used for themanagement of xerostomia
    pilocarpine
  44. what is an unpleasant odor of exhaled air?
    halitosis
  45. what is the etiology of halitosis?
    • 90% tongue
    • 10% systmenic/nonoral
  46. what are five systemic causes of halitosis?
    • renal/hepatic failure
    • carcinomas
    • diabetes-acetone
    • upper respiratory
    • cirrhosis of liver

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