Musculoskeletal System

Card Set Information

Author:
kreed
ID:
80456
Filename:
Musculoskeletal System
Updated:
2011-04-19 00:39:45
Tags:
Health Assessment Musculoskeletal System
Folders:

Description:
Musculoskeletal System health assessment
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kreed on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. TMJ:
    Gender:
    Mechanical Factors:
    • Females < puberty & menopause> account for 90%
    • Malocclusion "bad bite"
    • Bruxism "grinding teeth"
    • abnormal bite
    • faulty dentures
  2. GOUT:
    Gender:
    Other factors:
    • Men higher risk
    • Fam history
    • alcohol (increases uric acid levels)
    • Obesity
    • hypertension
    • Diabetes, hyperlipidemia, arteriosclerosis
    • Meds ie: thiazide diuretics (hypertension) low dose aspirin ->uric acid levels
  3. OSTEOARTHRITIS:
    GENDER:
    Other factors:
    • women >45 more than men but men <45 more than women
    • Overweight = puts stress on joints
    • Overuse of joints increases risk
    • Joint injury
    • Physical inactivity weakens muscles that supports joints
  4. OSTEOPOROSIS:
    AGE:
    GENDER:
    RACE:
    Other factors:
    • >35 bone density begins to decrease
    • Women have less bone tissue & loss it more readily
    • Whites & Asians
    • Small boned & thin women (under 127lb)
    • Fam History
    • Cig smoking/alcohol, inadequate calcium
    • Estrogen dificiency
  5. INFO: dominant side is usually slightly larger than nondominant and measurement differences less than 1 cm usually are not significant
  6. -Recommended routine screening for osteoporosis for women age ______ and older
    -For women at +risk routine screening should begin at age ______
    • 65
    • 60
  7. _______is muscle twitchin of a single muscle group (localized)
    fasciculations
  8. This is used to measure the angle for range of motion
    goniometer
  9. ______ is the expected muscle strength
    5
  10. GRADE:
    No evidence of contractility
    0
  11. GRADE:
    Evidence of slight contractility
    1
  12. GRADE:
    Complete range of motion with gravity eliminated
    2
  13. GRADE:
    Complete range of motion with gravity
    3
  14. GRADE:
    Complete range of motion against gravity w/some resistance
    4
  15. GRADE:
    Complete range of motion against gravity with full resistance
    5
  16. ________is a posterior curvature (convexity) of the thoracic spine
    kyphosis
  17. _______is an anterior curvature (concavity) of the spine
    lordosis
  18. ______is a lateral curvature of the spine
    scoliosis
  19. This test is performed by asking the pt to flex both wrists and press the dorsum of the hands against each other for 1 minute
    Phalen's sign - +if pt complains of numbness, pain, or paresthesia over the palmar surface of the hand and the first 3 fingers & part of the fourth
  20. The presence of fluid in the knee joint can be assessed by these two tests?
    1. _______tests for small effusions
    2. _______is used for larger effusions
    • bulge sign
    • ballottement

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview