Health Assessment

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Author:
Samilou
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80458
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Health Assessment
Updated:
2011-04-18 18:07:37
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Neurologic System
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Chapter 16
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  1. Lobe responsible for vountary motor movement and contains primary motor cortex.
    Frontal Lobe
  2. Which lobe contains Broca's area, which is involved in formulating words?
    Frontal Lobe
  3. Lobe that controls intellectual function, awareness of self, personality, and automatic responses related to emotions.
    Frontal Lobe
  4. Lobe that contains the primary sensory cortex.
    Parietal Lobe
  5. Lobe that receives position sense, touch, shape, and texture of objects.
    Parietal
  6. Lobe that contains the primary auditory cortex.
    Temporal Lobe
  7. Lobe containing the Wernicke's area, which is responsible for written and spoken language.
    Temporal Lobe
  8. Lobe that interprets auditory, visual, and somatic sensory inputs that are stored in thought and memory.
    Temporal Lobe
  9. Lobe responsible for receiving and interpreting visual information.
    Occipital Lobe
  10. Number of pairs of SPINAL nerves
    31 pairs
  11. Pairs of CERVICAL nerves
    8 pairs
  12. Pairs of THORACIC nerves
    12 pairs
  13. Pairs of LUMBAR nerves
    5 pairs
  14. Pairs of SACRAL nerves
    5 pairs
  15. Pairs of COCCYGEAL nerves
    1 pair
  16. First 7 spinal nerves exit _______ above the corresponding vertebrae. The remaining nerves exit ______.
    • Above
    • Below
  17. Nervous system that regulates the bodys internal environment in conjuction to the endocrine system.
    Autonomic NS
  18. Activated during the flight or fight response. Responsible for increasing BP, HR, vasoconstriction, inhibiting GI peristalsis, and dilating bronchi.
    Sympathetic NS
  19. Controls vegetative functions. Feed and Breed. Conserves energy and increases peristalsis.
    Parasympathetic NS
  20. A client who does not know their name or location is considered ________.
    Disoriented
  21. Those who require excessive stimulation or painful stimuli have a decreased ______________.
    Level of consciousmess
  22. Localized uncontrolane twitching of a single muscle group innervated by a single motor nerve fiber that may be observed or palpated.
    Fasciculation
  23. Involuntary contraction of a muscle that occurs with upper motor neuron damage such as pyramidal tract damage that occurs with spinal cord injuries.
    Spastic paralysis
  24. Lack of muscle tone and DTR that occurs after a lower motor neuron damage such as injury from spina bifida.
    Flaccid Paralysis
  25. Loss or impaired sense of smell.
    Anosmia
  26. Lesions in the CNS may cause what?
    Peripheral vision defects
  27. What is ptosis?
    Eye lid drooping
  28. When might ptosis occur?
    With ocular myasthenia gravis
  29. A nystagmus may occur with weakness or dysfunction of which CN?
    3,4,and 6
  30. Pressure or damage to which CN may result in diminished pupillary constriction, ptosis, and altered superior and inferior movements of the eye?
    CN III
  31. Heroin and morphine have what effect on the pupils?
    Constriction
  32. Cocaine has what effect on the pupils?
    Dilation
  33. Occational tics may be caused by what?
    Stress or anxiety
  34. Multiple tics and facial grimaces may occur with what?
    Tourettes
  35. How do you test deep sensation and which nerve is being tested?
    • With a blunt and sharp point of a paper clip over the forehead, paranasal sinuses, amd jaw.
    • CN V
  36. How do you check the sensory branch of CN V?
    Testing corneal reflex which doesn't need to be checked if client is blinking naturally.
  37. Characterized by a stablike pain radiating along the trigeminal nerve.
    Trigeminal neuralgia
  38. How do you check CN VII?
    Raise eyebrows, purse lips, close eyes tightly, show teeth, smile, and puff out cheeks
  39. What nerve is being checked with the Rinne and Weber tests?
    CN VIII
  40. Sensorineural hearing loss may be indicated by lateralization of sound to the unaffected ear using which test?
    Weber's Test
  41. Sensorineural hearing loss may be indicated when air conduction is longer than bone conduction in the affected ear by less than a 2:1 ratio, using which test?
    Rinner Test
  42. Testing taste on the anterior 2/3 of the tongue checks which CN?
    CN VII
  43. Taste is checked on the posterior 1/3 of the tongue testing which CN?
    CN IX
  44. Which CN is being checked when saying "ah"?
    CN X
  45. Gag reflex tests which CN?
    CN IX
  46. Asymmetry of the soft palate or tonsillar pilar movement, lateral deviation of the uvula, or absence of gag reflex may indicated disorders of what?
    Medulla oblongata
  47. Being able to describe how a body parts position has changed when a nurse moves it.
    Kinesthetic sensation
  48. When you put an object in a clients hand and they are able to identify it with their eyes closed.
    Stereognosis
  49. Using two prongs and touching the clicent and seeing if they are able to identify how many points are touching them.
    Two-point discrimination
  50. Drawing a letter or number on the clients hand or back and them being able to tell you what you drew.
    Graphesthesia

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