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Norms of the Mouth
color of soft (pink) and hard (white) palate, uvula position (midline)
How do you palpate the frontal sinus
press up under bony brow, using thumb on each side of nose
How so you palpate the Maxillary sinus
press up under zygomatic process, using thumb
Transillumination for Frontal sinusd
place light source against medial aspect of each supraorbital rim. View illumination as a dim red glow just above eyebrow.
Performed if sinuses tender or infection suspected
Transillumination for Maxillary sinuse
place light source lateral to nose, just beneath medial aspect of eye. View illumination of hard palate through patient’s open mouth
Oral mucosa in the older adult
- ◦Oral mucosa is often drier and more fragile due to degeneration of epithelial lining of salivary
Periodontal (gum) Disease
Periodontal literally means "around the tooth"
Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth
Bacteria in plaque causes the gums to become inflamed
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