Phonology

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Author:
dylan
ID:
80500
Filename:
Phonology
Updated:
2011-04-18 20:24:59
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Elang
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Phonology
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  1. The study of sound
    Phonology
  2. Always voiced
    Vowels
  3. Can be either voiced or voiceless
    Consonants
  4. Examples of voiced nasal consonants
    /M/, /N/, /ŋ/
  5. Examples of voiced liquid consonants
    L (lateral), R (bunched)
  6. Any variant of a phoneme. Perhaps realizes two of them
    Allophone
  7. Words distinguished by only ONE distinctive feature of one sound as in pat and bat
    Minimal pair
  8. Bilabial Stop
    /p/ and /b/
  9. bilabial nasal
    /m/
  10. bilabial glide
    /m/ and /w/
  11. labio dental fricatives
    /f/ and /v/
  12. interdental fricatives
    /θ/ and /ð/
  13. Alveolar stops
    /t/ and /d/
  14. alveolar fricatives
    /s/ and /z/
  15. alveolar nasal
    /n/
  16. alveolar liquids
    /l/ (lateral) and /r/ (bunched)
  17. Alveo-palatal fricatives
    /ʃ/ and /ʒ/
  18. alveo-palatal affricates
    /tʃ/ and /dʒ/
  19. Palatal glide
    /j/
  20. Velar stop
    /k/ and /g/
  21. velar nasal
    /ŋ/
  22. Glottal stop
    /ʔ/
  23. Glottal fricative
    /h/
  24. Phonological process in which a sound changes to resemeble a nearby sound, as when in becomes im in impossible.
    Assimilation
  25. Phonological process in which speech sounds disappear from words, as when the vowel in the second syllable of laboratory is lost in pronunciation of the word.
    Deletion
  26. Phonological process in which a sound is added to a word as in the /k/ in some pronunciations of length or /r/ in some pronunciations of wash.
    Insertion
  27. Phonological process in whcih sounds switch places in the phonetic structure of a word, as when old/middle english bridde becomes middle/modern English bird or aks becomes ask
    metathesis

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