Morphology

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Author:
dylan
ID:
80504
Filename:
Morphology
Updated:
2011-04-18 20:41:24
Tags:
Elang Morphology
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Description:
Morphology Elang 223
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  1. Smallest meaningful unit of language. Independently meaningful part of a word
    Morpheme
  2. Morpheme used only when attached to another morpheme that can be used independently.
    Bound morpheme
  3. Morpheme that functions without modifications, such as a word.
    Free Morpheme
  4. Conjunctions, pronouns, auxiliary verbs, determiners, prepositions and inflectional suffixes
    closed class morphemes
  5. Any variant of a morpheme. Ex: the "pluralizer" morpheme that makes dog - dogs, ox- oxen, horse - horses etc
    Allomorph
  6. Morpheme that indicates something about a word's grammatical function, such as number or tense. GENERALLY realized in a suffix
    Inflectional morpheme
  7. Morpheme, whether bound or free that contributes to formation of a new word. Often changes the word's lexical category
    Derivational morpheme
  8. Blank space in lexicon, such that a concept lacks a word in a particular language to represent it
    Lexical gap
  9. Word created for specific purpose in a specific moment
  10. Combining process reponsible for words like doghouse and facebook
    Compounding
  11. Combining process responsible for words like undo, re-sit, reset and retake
    Prefixing
  12. Combining process responsible for words like coolness, suffixing
    Suffixing
  13. Shortening process in which each letter is read individually. NBA, URL
    Alphabetism
  14. Shortening process responsible for words like CD-ROM, SCUBA and Laser
    Acronymy
  15. Shortening process responsible for words like Fridge
    Clipping
  16. Shortening process in which "root" words are developed after another word that's developed. Ex: Edit from Editor.
    Backformation
  17. Shortening process in which two words are brought together, ex: ginormous
    Blending
  18. Word-formative process in whcih a word historically belonging to one lexical category functions in another as in the verb swim becomes a noun as in "did you have a nice swim?"
    Functional shift
  19. Word-formative process that redistributes phonemes to create new morphemes. Ex: Napron becomes Apron or eggcorn becomes acorn
    Reanalysis
  20. Word formative process in whcih a new word emerges from a popular misunderstanding of its form or meaning. (Ex: Humble Pie)
    Folk Etymology
  21. Word is adopted, adapted or literally translated from another example. Entrepreneur
    Borrowing

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