second to last test

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gabbs1128
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80544
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second to last test
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2011-04-18 22:53:45
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  1. four types of anemia
    • iron deficiency
    • pernicious anemia
    • aplastic anemia
    • sickle cell anemia
  2. iron deficiency
    depletion of body's iron storage, which is followed by a decrease in HGB
  3. pernicious anemia
    due to increased numbers of immature erythrocytes in blood; marked by vitamin B12 deficient
  4. aplastic anemia
    pancytopenia occurs; deficiency of all blood cells; due to failure of the bone marrow; cause is idiopathic
  5. sickle cell anemia
    crescent shaped erythrocytes; prevalent in black people
  6. hemocromatosis
    excessive iron deposits
  7. polycythemia vera
    a general increase of RBC's
  8. hemophilia
    hereditary; pertains to clotting
  9. purpuria
    pin-point hemorrhages
  10. four different types of lukemia
    • acute lymphomic lukemia - children
    • chronic lymphomic lukemia - old people
    • acute myelogenous lukemia
    • chronic myelogenous lukemia
  11. relapse
    malignant cells reappear
  12. remission
    disappearance of signs
  13. mononucleosis
    infectious disease increasing the numbers of lymphocites
  14. multiple myeloma
    malignant tumor of bone marrow
  15. HCT
    hemocrit - percentage of erythrocites
  16. HGB
    hemoglobin
  17. PT
    prothrombin time (ability to clot)
  18. anaphylaxis
    hypersensitivity
  19. eythropenia
    decrease in blood cells
  20. erythrocytosis
    increase in blood cells
  21. lukocytosis
    increase in white blood cells
  22. lukopenia
    decrease in white blood cells
  23. basophil
    dark blue
  24. eosinophils
    red
  25. phagocytes
    eat or swallow
  26. plasma consists
    of water, protein, sugar, salt
  27. coagulation
    blood clotting
  28. lymph
    clear watery fluid
  29. three functions of lymph
    • 1) as a drainage system
    • 2) absorbtion of fat
    • 3) immune system
  30. splean: function & location
    • 1) destruction
    • 2) protection
    • 3) activation
    • 4) storage of blood

    location = LUQ
  31. adenoids
    mass of lymphmatic tissue
  32. immunoglobins
    anitbodies that secrete plasma
  33. interferons
    proteins secreted by cells
  34. lymphnode
    a collection of stationary lymphmatic tissue
  35. thymus glands
    reacts to foreign cells
  36. spell tumorous splean
    SPLENOMEGALY
  37. AIDS
    is caused by HIV
  38. I love
    Gabbie.. shes cool shes country shes my baby
  39. types of allergies
    • anaphlaxic shock
    • hives
    • asthma
    • atopic
    • dermatitis
  40. lymphoma
    malignant tumor
  41. hodgkin
    malignant tumor of lymphoid tissue and splean
  42. nonhodgkin
    small and large cell lymphomic
  43. multiple myeloma
    malignant tumor of bone marrow
  44. bones
    framework
  45. joints
    bones come together
  46. muscle
    responsible for movement
  47. orthopedist
    treats bone and joint disease
  48. rheumatologists
    specializes in joint problems
  49. rheumat
    watery flow - joint fluid
  50. osteoblasts
    immature
  51. osteoclast
    bone phagocites
  52. bones of the skull
    sutures
  53. facial bones -- order of
    • nasal bone
    • lamrimal bone
    • maxillary bone
    • mendibular bone
  54. coccyx
    tailbone
  55. order of back
    • cervical
    • thoracic
    • lumbar
    • sacral
  56. xiphoid process
    sword
  57. acromion
    shoulder
  58. ischium
    posterior part of pelvis
  59. mandibular
    lower jaw
  60. maxilla
    upper jaw
  61. mastoid process
    behind the ear
  62. five types of fractures
    • comminuted - several pieces
    • compression - bone collapses
    • colles - near wrist
    • green stick - partially broken
    • impacted - driven firmly into another
  63. articulation
    coming together of two or more bones
  64. bursa
    sac of fluid near a joint
  65. ligament
    connective tissue bones to bones
  66. tenden
    muscle to bones
  67. suture joint
    immovable joint
  68. inflammation of tendon - spell
    tendonitis
  69. gout
    uric acid
  70. sprain
    joint without rupture
  71. strain
    overstretching
  72. striated muscle
    voluntary
  73. smooth muscle
    involuntary
  74. cardiac muscle
    cannot be controlled
  75. flexion
    bending limb
  76. extension
    straightening limb
  77. abduction
    movement away from body
  78. adduction
    movement towards body
  79. dorsiflexion
    decrease angle in ankle
  80. plantar flexion
    extends the foot downward
  81. supination
    act of turning palm up
  82. pronation
    act of turning palm down
  83. CTS
    carpal tunnel syndrome
  84. OA
    ostioarthritis
  85. RA
    rheumatoid
  86. epidermis
    thin; keratin
  87. dermis
    dense; collagen
  88. subcutaneous layer
    fat containing
  89. alopecia
    absence of hair
  90. ecchymosis
    purplish mark
  91. petechia
    pinpoint hemorrhage
  92. pruritus
    itching
  93. psoriasis
    covered by gray scales
  94. keloid
    thickening scar development
  95. BX
    biopsy

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