Latin OCR GCSE Vocab.txt

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Latin OCR GCSE Vocab.txt
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2011-04-19 12:22:37
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Latin OCR GCSE Vocab
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Latin OCR GCSE Vocab
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  1. a, ab + ablative
    from, away from, by
  2. absum, abesse, afui
    am absent, am away, am distant from
  3. ac, atque
    and
  4. accido accidere, accidi
    happen
  5. accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus
    accept, take in, receive
  6. ad + accusative
    to, towards, at
  7. adeo
    so much, so greatly
  8. adsum, adesse, adfui
    be here, be present
  9. advenio, advenire, adveni
    arrive
  10. aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus
    build
  11. ager, agri
    field
  12. ago, agere, egi, actus
    do, act, drive
  13. alii...alii
    some...others
  14. alius, alia, aliud
    other, another, else
  15. alter, altera, alterum
    the other, another
  16. altus, alta, altum
    high, deep
  17. ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi
    walk
  18. amicus, amici
    friend
  19. amo, amare, amavi, amatus
    love, like
  20. amor, amoris
    love
  21. ancilla, ancillae
    slave-girl, slave-woman
  22. animus, animi
    spirit, soul, mind
  23. annus, anni
    year
  24. ante + accusative
    before, in front of
  25. antea
    before
  26. appareo, apparere, apparui
    appear
  27. appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi + dative
    approach, come near to
  28. apud + accusative
    among, with, at the house of
  29. aqua, aquae
    water
  30. arma, armorum
    arms, weapons
  31. ars, artis
    art, skill
  32. ascendo, ascendere, ascendi, ascensus
    climb
  33. audax, audacis
    bold, daring
  34. audeo, audere, ausus sum
    dare
  35. audio, audire, audivi, auditus
    hear, listen to
  36. aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatus
    take away, carry off, steal
  37. autem
    but, however
  38. auxilium, auxilii
    help
  39. bellum, belli
    war
  40. bellum gero, gereren gessi, gestus
    wage war
  41. bene
    well
  42. benignus, benigna, benignum
    kind
  43. bibo, bibere, bibi
    drink
  44. bonus, bona, bonum
    good
  45. brevis, breve
    short, brief
  46. cado, cadere, cecidi, casus
    fall
  47. caelum, caeli
    sky, heaven
  48. canis, canis
    dog
  49. capio, capere, cepi, captus
    take, catch, capture
  50. captivus, captivi
    captive, prisoner
  51. caput, capitis
    head
  52. castra, castrorum
    camp
  53. celer, celeris, celere
    quick, fast
  54. celo, celare, celavi, celatus
    hide
  55. cena, cenae
    dinner, meal
  56. ceteri, ceterae, cetera
    the rest, the others
  57. cibus, cibi
    food
  58. circum + accusative
    around
  59. civis, civis
    citizen
  60. clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatus
    shout
  61. clamor, clamoris
    shout, shouting, noise
  62. clarus, clara, clarum
    famous, clear
  63. coepi, coepisse
    begin
  64. cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cognitus
    think, consider
  65. cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus
    get to know, find out
  66. cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus
    force, compel
  67. comes, comitis
    comrade, companion
  68. conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus
    finish, wear out
  69. conor, conari, conatus sum
    try
  70. consilium, consilii
    plan, idea, advice
  71. conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus
    catch sight of, notice
  72. consituo, contituere, constitui, constitutus
    decide
  73. consul, consulis
    consul
  74. consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus
    eat
  75. contra + accusative
    against
  76. convenio, convenire, conveni
    come together, gather, meet
  77. copiae, copiarum
    forces, troops
  78. corpus, corporis
    body
  79. cras
    tomorrow
  80. credo, credere, credidi, creditus + dative
    believe, trust
  81. crudelis, crudele
    cruel
  82. cum + ablative
    with
  83. cum
    when, since
  84. cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus
    want, desire
  85. cur?
    why?
  86. cura, curae,
    care, worry
  87. curro, currere, cucurri, cursus
    run
  88. custodio, custodire, custodivi, custoditus
    guard
  89. custos, custodis,
    guard
  90. de + ablative
    from, down from, about
  91. dea, deae
    goddess
  92. debeo, debere, debui, debitus
    owe, ought, should, must
  93. defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus
    defend
  94. deinde
    then
  95. deleo, delere, delevi, deletus
    destroy
  96. descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus
    go down, come down
  97. deus, dei
    god
  98. dico, dicere, dixi, dictus
    say
  99. dies, diei
    day
  100. difficilis, difficile
    difficult
  101. diligens, diligentis
    careful
  102. dirus, dira, dirum
    dreadful
  103. discedo, discedere, discessi
    depart, leave
  104. diu
    for a long time
  105. do, dare, dedi, datus
    give
  106. doceo, docere, docui, doctus
    teach
  107. domina, dominae
    mistress
  108. dominus, domini
    master
  109. domus
    home
  110. donum, doni
    gift, present
  111. dormio, dormire, dormivi
    sleep
  112. duco, ducere, duxi, ductus
    lead, take
  113. dum
    while, until
  114. dux, ducis
    leader
  115. e, ex + ablative
    from, out of, out
  116. ecce!
    look!
  117. effugio, effugere, effugi
    escape
  118. ego, mei
    I, me
  119. egredior, egredi, egressus sum
    go out
  120. emo, emere, emi, emptus
    buy
  121. enim
    for
  122. eo, ire, ivi
    go
  123. epistula, epistulae
    letter
  124. equus, equi
    horse
  125. et
    and
  126. et ... et
    both ... and
  127. etiam
    also, even
  128. exercitus
    army
  129. exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus
    wait for
  130. facilis, facile
    easy
  131. facio, facere, feci, factus
    make,do
  132. faveo, favere, favi, fautus + dative
    favour, support
  133. felix, felicis
    fortunate, happy
  134. femina, feminae
    woman
  135. fero, ferre, tuli, latus
    bring, carry, bear
  136. ferox, ferocis
    fierce, ferocious
  137. festino, festinare, festinavi
    hurry
  138. fidelis, fidele
    faithful, loyal
  139. filia, filiae
    daughter
  140. filius, filii
    son
  141. flumen, fluminis
    river
  142. forte
    by chance
  143. fortis, forte
    brave
  144. forum, fori
    forum, marketplace
  145. frater, fratris
    brother
  146. frustra
    in vain
  147. fugio, fugere, fugi
    run away, flee
  148. gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum
    be pleased, rejoice
  149. gaudium, gaudii
    joy, pleasure
  150. gens, gentis
    family, tribe, race, people
  151. gladius, gladii
    sword
  152. gravis, grave
    heavy, serious
  153. habeo, habere, habui, habitus
    have
  154. habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus
    live
  155. heri
    yesterday
  156. hic, haec, hoc
    this, he, she, it
  157. hic
    here
  158. hodie
    today
  159. homo, hominis
    man, human being
  160. hora, horae
    hour
  161. hortor, hortari, hortatus sum
    encourage, urge
  162. hortus, horti
    garden
  163. hostis
    enemy
  164. iaceo, iacere, iacui
    lie
  165. iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus
    throw
  166. iam
    now, already
  167. ianua, ianuae
    door
  168. ibi
    there
  169. idem, eadem, idem
    the same
  170. igitur
    therefore, and so
  171. ille, ilIa, illud
    that, he, she, it
  172. imperator, imperatoris
    emperor, general, leader
  173. imperium, imperii
    empire, power, command
  174. impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus + dative
    order, command, power
  175. in + ablative
    in, on
  176. in + accusative
    into, onto
  177. incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus
    burn, set on fire
  178. infelix, infelicis
    unlucky, unhappy
  179. ingens, ingentis
    huge
  180. ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum
    enter
  181. inimicus, inimici
    enemy
  182. inquit
    he/she says, he/she said
  183. insula, insulae
    island, block of flats
  184. intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus
    understand, realise
  185. inter + accusative
    among, between
  186. interea
    meanwhile
  187. interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus
    kill
  188. intro, intrare, intravi, intratus
    enter
  189. invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus
    find
  190. invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatus
    invite
  191. ipse, ipsa, ipsum
    himself, herself, itself, themselves
  192. ira, irae
    anger
  193. iratus, irata, iratum
    angry
  194. is, ea, id
    this, that, he, she, it, them
  195. ita
    in this way, to such an extent, so
  196. itaque
    and so, therefore
  197. iter, itineris
    journey
  198. iterum
    again
  199. iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus
    order
  200. iuvenis
    young man
  201. labor, laboris
    work
  202. laboro, laborare, laboravi
    work
  203. lacrimo, lacrimare, lacrimavi
    weep, cry
  204. laetus, laeta, laetum
    happy
  205. laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus
    praise
  206. legio, legionis
    legion
  207. lego, legere, legi, lectus
    read, choose
  208. lentus, lenta, lentum
    slow
  209. leo, leonis
    lion
  210. libenter
    willingly, gladly
  211. liber, libri
    book
  212. liberi, liberorum
    children
  213. libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatus
    set free
  214. libertus, liberti
    freedman, ex-slave
  215. locus, loci
    place
  216. longus, longa, longum
    long
  217. loquor, loqui, locutus sum
    speak
  218. lux, lucis
    light, daylight
  219. magis
    more
  220. magnopere
    greatly
  221. magnus, magna, magnum
    big, large, great
  222. malo, malle, malui
    prefer
  223. malus, mala, malum
    evil, bad
  224. maneo, manere, mansi
    remain, stay
  225. manus
    hand, group of people
  226. mare, maris
    sea
  227. maritus, mariti
    husband
  228. mater, matris
    mother
  229. maxime
    very greatly
  230. medius, media, medium
    middle
  231. mercator, mercatoris
    merchant
  232. meus, mea, meum
    my
  233. miles, militis
    soldier
  234. minime
    very little, least, no
  235. miror, mirari, miratus sum
    wonder at, admire
  236. miser, misera, miserum
    miserable, wretched, sad
  237. mitto, mittere, misi, missus
    send
  238. modus, modi
    manner, way, kind
  239. moneo, monere, monui, monitus
    warn, advise
  240. mons, montis
    mountain
  241. morior, mori, mortuus sum
    die
  242. mors, mortis
    death
  243. moveo, movere, movi, motus
    move
  244. mox
    soon
  245. multo
    much
  246. multus, multa, multum
    much, many
  247. murus, muri
    wall
  248. nam
    for
  249. narro, narrare, narravi, narratus
    tell, relate
  250. nauta, nautae
    sailor
  251. navigo, navigare, navigavi
    sail
  252. navis
    ship
  253. ne + subjunctive
    that ... not, so that ... not, that, lest
  254. nec, neque
    and not, nor, neither
  255. neco, necare, necavi, necatus
    kill
  256. nemo, neminis
    no one, nobody
  257. nescio, nescire, nescivi
    not know
  258. nihil
    nothing
  259. nisi
    unless, except
  260. nolo, nolle, nolui
    not want, refuse
  261. nomen, nominis
    name
  262. non
    not
  263. nonne �?
    surely ... ?
  264. nonnulli, nonnullae, nonnulla
    some, several
  265. nos, nostrum
    we, us
  266. noster, nostra, nostrum
    our
  267. novus, nova, novum
    new
  268. nox, noctis
    night
  269. nullus, nulla, nullum
    not any, no
  270. num
    whether
  271. num ... ?
    surely � not?
  272. numquam
    never
  273. nunc
    now
  274. nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus
    announce
  275. nuntius, nuntii
    messenger, message, news
  276. occido, occidere, occidi, occisus
    kill
  277. offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus
    offer
  278. olim
    once, some time ago
  279. omnis, omne
    all, every
  280. opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus
    crush, overwhelm
  281. oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus
    attack
  282. oro, orare, oravi, oratus
    beg
  283. ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus
    show
  284. paene
    almost, nearly
  285. paro, parare, paravi, paratus
    prepare
  286. pars, partis
    part
  287. parvus, parva, parvum
    small
  288. pater, patris
    father
  289. patior, pati, passus sum
    suffer, endure
  290. patria, patriae
    country, homeland
  291. pauci, paucae, pauca
    few, a few
  292. pax, pacis
    peace
  293. pecunia, pecunia
    money
  294. pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus
    drive
  295. per + accusative
    through, along
  296. pereo, perire, perii
    die, perish
  297. periculum, periculi
    danger
  298. persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi + dative
    persuade
  299. perterritus, perterrita, perterritum
    terrified
  300. pervenio, pervenire, perveni, perventus
    reach, arrive at
  301. pes, pedis
    foot
  302. peto, petere, petivi, petitus
    make for, seek, beg/ask for
  303. plenus, plena, plenum
    full
  304. poena, poenae
    punishment
  305. poenas do
    pay the penalty, am punished
  306. pono, ponere, posui, positus
    put, place, put up
  307. porta, portae
    gate
  308. porto, portare, portavi, portatus
    carry
  309. portus
    harbour, port
  310. possum, posse, potui
    can, be able
  311. post + accusative
    after, behind
  312. postea
    afterwards
  313. postquam
    after, when
  314. postridie
    on the next day
  315. praemium, praemii
    prize, reward, profit
  316. precor, precari, precatus sum
    pray (to), beg
  317. primo
    at first
  318. primus, prima, primum
    first
  319. princeps, principis
    chief, emperor
  320. pro + ablative
    in front of, for, in return for
  321. procedo, procedere, processi
    advance, proceed
  322. proelium, proelii
    battle
  323. proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum
    set out
  324. progredior, progredi, progressus sum
    advance
  325. promitto, promittere, promisi, promissus
    promise
  326. prope + accusative
    near
  327. propter + accusative
    on account of, because of
  328. proximus, proxima, proximum
    nearest, next to
  329. puella, puellae
    girl
  330. puer, pueri
    boy
  331. pugno, pugnare, pugnavi
    fight
  332. pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
    beautiful, handsome
  333. punio, punire, punivi, punitus
    punish
  334. puto, putare, putavi, putatus
    think
  335. quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus
    search for, look for, ask
  336. qualis?, quale?
    what sort of?
  337. quam + superlative adverb
    as � as possible
  338. quam
    than
  339. quam? quam!
    how � ? how � !
  340. quamquam
    although
  341. quando?
    when?
  342. quantus?, quanta? quantum?
    how big? how much?
  343. -que
    and
  344. qui, quae, quod
    who, which
  345. quidam, quaedam, quoddam
    one, a certain, some
  346. quis?, quid?
    who? what?
  347. quo?
    to where?
  348. quod
    because
  349. quomodo?
    how?
  350. quoque
    also, too
  351. quot?
    how many?
  352. rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus
    seize, grab
  353. re- (prefix)
    - back
  354. reddo, reddere, reddidi, redditus
    give back, restore
  355. redeo, redire, redii
    go back, come back, return
  356. refero, referre, rettuli, relatus
    bring/carry back, report, tell
  357. regina, reginae
    queen
  358. regnum, regni
    kingdom
  359. rego, regere, rexi, rectus
    rule
  360. regredior, regredi, regressus sum
    go back, return
  361. relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus
    leave, leave behind
  362. res, rei
    thing, matter, event
  363. resisto, resistere, restiti + dative
    resist
  364. respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus
    reply
  365. rex, regis
    king
  366. rideo, ridere, risi
    laugh, smile
  367. rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus
    ask, ask for
  368. Roma, Romae
    Rome, (at, in Rome)
  369. Romanus, Romana, Romanum
    Roman
  370. rumpo, rumpere, rupi, ruptus
    break, burst
  371. sacer, sacra, sacrum
    sacred
  372. saepe
    often
  373. saevus, saeva, saevum
    savage, cruel
  374. saluto, salutare, salutavi, salutatus
    greet
  375. salve!, salvete! (pl)
    hello!
  376. sanguis, sanguinis
    blood
  377. sapiens, sapientis
    wise
  378. satis
    enough
  379. scelestus, scelesta, scelestum
    wicked
  380. scelus, sceleris
    crime
  381. scio, scire, scivi, scitus
    know
  382. scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus
    write
  383. se, sui
    himself, herself, itself, themselves
  384. sed
    but
  385. sedeo, sedere, sedi
    sit
  386. semper
    always
  387. senator, senatoris
    senator
  388. senex, senis
    old man
  389. sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus
    feel, notice
  390. sequor, sequi, secutus sum
    follow
  391. servo, servare, servavi, servatus
    save, protect, keep
  392. servus, servi
    slave
  393. si
    if
  394. sic
    thus, in this way
  395. signum, signi
    sign, signal, standard
  396. silva, silvae
    wood
  397. simul
    at the same time
  398. simulac, simulatque
    as soon as
  399. sine + ablative
    without
  400. soleo, solere, solitus sum
    be accustomed
  401. solus, sola, solum
    alone, lonely, only, on one's own
  402. specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatus
    look at, watch
  403. spero, sperare, speravi, speratus
    hope, expect
  404. spes, spei
    hope
  405. statim
    at once, immediately
  406. sto, stare, steti
    stand
  407. stultus, stulta, stultum
    stupid, foolish
  408. sub + accusative/ablative
    under, beneath
  409. subito
    suddenly
  410. sum, esse, fui
    be
  411. summus, summa, summum
    highest, greatest, top (of)
  412. supero, superare, superavi, superatus
    overcome, overpower
  413. surgo, surgere, surrexi
    get up, stand up, rise
  414. suus, sua, suum
    his, her, its, their (own)
  415. taberna, tabernae
    shop, inn
  416. taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitus
    be silent, be quiet
  417. talis, tale
    such
  418. tam
    so
  419. tamen
    however
  420. tandem
    at last, finally
  421. tantus, tanta, tantum
    so great, such a great
  422. tempestas, tempestatis
    storm
  423. templum, templi
    temple
  424. tempus, temporis
    time
  425. teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus
    hold
  426. terra, terrae
    ground, land, country
  427. terreo, terrere, terrui, territus
    frighten
  428. timeo, timere, timui
    fear, be afraid
  429. tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus
    raise, lift up, hold up
  430. tot
    so many
  431. totus, tota, totum
    whole
  432. trado, tradere, tradidi, traditus
    hand over
  433. traho, trahere, traxi, tractus
    drag
  434. trans + accusative
    across
  435. tristis, triste
    sad
  436. tu, tui
    you (s)
  437. tum
    then
  438. turba, turbae
    crowd
  439. tuus, tua, tuum
    your (s), yours
  440. ubi
    where? where, when
  441. umquam
    ever
  442. unde
    from where
  443. urbs, urbis
    city, town
  444. ut + subjunctive
    that, so that, in order that
  445. ut + indicative
    as, when
  446. uxor, uxoris
    wife
  447. vale!, valete! (pl)
    goodbye, farewell!
  448. validus, valida, validum
    strong
  449. vehementer
    violently, loudly
  450. vendo, vendere, vendidi, venditus
    sell
  451. venio, venire, veni
    come
  452. verbum, verbi
    word
  453. verto, vertere, verti, versus
    turn
  454. verus, vera, verum
    true, real
  455. vester, vestra, vestrum
    your (pl), yours
  456. via, viae
    street
  457. victoria, victoriae
    victory
  458. video, videre, vidi, visus
    see
  459. videor, videri, visus sum
    seem, appear
  460. villa, villae
    house, country villa
  461. vinco, vincere, vici, victus
    conquer, win, be victorious
  462. vinum, vini
    wine
  463. vir, viri
    man
  464. virtus, virtutis
    courage, virtue
  465. vita, vitae
    life
  466. vivo, vivere, vixi
    live, be alive
  467. vivus, viva, vivum
    alive, living
  468. voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus
    call
  469. volo, velle, volui
    want
  470. vos, vestrum
    you (pl)
  471. vox, vocis
    voice, shout
  472. vulnero, vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus
    wound, injure
  473. vulnus, vulneris
    wound
  474. vultus
    expression, face

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