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Severe allergic reaction caused by hypersensitivity to a substance; such as bee stings?
Machines that analyzes a patient's cardiac rhythm and delivers and electric shock if indicated?
Automated external defibrillator (AED)
State that occurs when there is a change in the patient's medical condition- too much glucose and not enough insulin in a patient's blood, and ketones are produced; acute insulin deficiency (aka diabetic coma)
Glucose level test are used to assess if a patient may need to be given what STAT?
Common causes of epistaxis include trauma, hypertention, high altitude, or upper resp infections, what is epistaxis?
To prevent blood from going down the back of the patients throat causing nausea, how would you position a patient with a nosebleed?
Sitting position with the head tilted slightly forward
Form of hypothermia that occurs when the body tissues freeze from being subjected to to extreme cold over time?
Form of hyperthermia caused by dehydration causing a loss of consciousness, skin may feel hot, appear red and dry, and an increase in pulse and respirations?
Progressive circulatory collapse brought on by insufficient blood flow to all parts of the body?
Burn that destroys the epidermis and dermis to include the nerve endings; full-thickness burn.
Surface area is evaluated using what, dividing the body into regions with assigned percentages related to the number 9?
Rules of Nine
When providing first aid why symptom is of first concern have has first priority?
While coming across a person whom you believe may have fainted, what should you check this person for?
Medical alert tags or alert cards, because these provide info about certain medical conditions they may have
Dusky skin color, diaphoresis, bluish discoloration to the lips and nail beds, shortness of breath, a rapid/weak pulse, "heavy" or "crushing" in the sternum that may radiate down the left arm, jaw, and into the shoulder are all symptoms that could indicate what?
Chest pain- heart attack
Major guidelines for the care of a patient who has symptoms of a heart attack include what?
- Call 911/ alert physician
- Loosen any tight clothing
- Administer any meds the patient may be taking (nitroglycerin, aspirin)
- Comfort and reassure the patient
Warning signs of a stroke can be remembered with FAST- what does this stand for?
- F-facial weakness or numbness
- A- Arm weakness or numbness
- S- Speech difficulty
- T- Time to call 911
In the situation a patient may be having or had a stroke, what would be done to relieve intracranial pressure?
Elevate the head and shoulders slightly by placing a jacket or folded towel underneath
To not restrain the patient and to avoid overstimulation are guidelines for what medical emergency?
A loss of how much total blood volume may be fatal?
Type of pressure applied over the wound itself?
Type of pressure applied over an arterial pressure point?
T or F:
Dry chemicals must be brushed off the skin after flushing the area with water?
False- always before mixing with water
T or F:
Liquid chemicals need to be flushed immediately with large amounts of water?
The main goal for the emergency care of a fracture is to immobilize which part to prevent further damage?
Above and below the fracture
Begin treatment RICE within 10-20 minutes of a sprain, what does this stand for?
- R- Rest the injured area by splinting it
- I- Ice the area to reduce bleeding
- C- Compress the area by wrapping with an elastic bandage to minimize swelling
- E- Elevate the injured area to heart level to reduce circulation to affected area
Best artery to check for a pulse on an unconscious person?
check carotid artery