furosemide.txt

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  1. Furosemide

    Trade Name
    Lasix
  2. Furosemide

    Class
    Loop diuretic
  3. Furosemide

    Mechanism of Action
    • Inhibits electrolyte re-absorption
    • Promotes excretion of:
    • -sodium
    • -potassium
    • -chloride
  4. Furosemide

    Indications
    • CHF
    • Pulmonary edema
    • Hypertensive crisis
  5. Furosemide

    Contraindications
    • Hypovolemia
    • Anuria
    • Hypotension (relative contraindication)
    • Hypersensitivity
    • Hepatic coma
  6. Furosemide

    Adverse Reactions
    • May exacerbate:
    • -Hypovolemia
    • -Hypokalemia
    • -ECG changes
    • -Dry mouth
    • -Hypochloremia
    • -Hyponatremia
    • -Hyperglycemia (due to hemoconcentration)
  7. Furosemide

    Drug Interactions
    • Lithium toxicity may be potentiated by sodium depletion
    • Digitalis toxicity may be potentiated by potassium depletion
  8. Furosemide

    How Supplied
    100 mg / 5 ml, 20 mg / 2 ml, 40 mg / 4 ml Vials, Prefilled syringes
  9. Furosemide

    Dosage and Administration
    Adult
    • 0.5-1.0 mg/kg injected slowly IV:
    • 20-40mg (Virgin)
    • 40-80mg (on Lasix Already)
  10. Furosemide

    Dosage and Administration
    Pediatric
    1 mg / kg / dose IV, IO
  11. Furosemide

    Duration of Action
    • Onset: 5 minutes
    • Peak Effects: 20-60 minutes
    • Duration: 4-6 hours
  12. Furosemide

    Special Considerations
    • Pregnancy safety: Category C
    • Ototoxicity and deafness can occur with rapid administration
    • Should be protected from light
    • 10 mg of Demadex = 40 mg of Lasix
    • 1 mg of Bumex = 40 mg of Lasix

Card Set Information

Author:
papeirce
ID:
80858
Filename:
furosemide.txt
Updated:
2011-04-20 16:40:52
Tags:
paramedic medications drugs prehospital furosemide lasix
Folders:

Description:
Prehospital Medication Flashcards for Paramedic School - Massachusetts and Rhode Island
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