arch history exam 4 buildings

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mweis03
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arch history exam 4 buildings
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2011-04-21 09:05:35
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arch history exam 4
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    • Robie House
    • 1909
    • Chicago
    • Wright

    • elevated windows and low front wall gives privacy
    • horizontal element of windows
    • organized around chimney
    • canti 2nd floor roof
    • living room and dining are one continupous space
    • Fagus Shoe Factory
    • 1911
    • Alfeld an der Leine
    • Gropius and Meyer

    no corner supports, spatially most advanced
    • Weissenhoff Housing
    • 1927
    • Stuttgart
    • Le Corbusier

    33 perm buildings, mies designed plans, all painted white, diff in plan but sim in deisgn
    • Larkin Office Building
    • 1904
    • Buffalo
    • Wright

    full height skylit atrium, stairs in towers separate form building, ventilation controlled
    • Lovell House
    • 1929
    • Los Angeles
    • Richard Neutra
    • Neue Nationalgalerie
    • 1968
    • Berlin
    • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
    • Einstein Tower
    • 1920-1
    • Potsdam
    • Mendelsohn

    • expressionism
    • interest ins streamlined forms, stucco over brick
    • Postal Savings Bank
    • 1904
    • Vienna
    • Wagner
    • Faced w/ white marble in shingle-like panels
    • Panels attached to structure with bolts capped in aluminum
    • Caps create ornamental language for the facade
    • canopy in aluminum
    • light brought in through a glass-vaulted ceiling
    • glass brick floor to iluminate the lower level
    • Cylindrical aluminum air-supply outlets around perimeter
    • Steiner House
    • 1910
    • Vienna
    • Loos

    • cubic composition
    • flat roof, symmetical, modern compared to time period
  1. paw.jpg
    • Russian Pavilion
    • 1923
    • Paris
    • Melnikov

    constructivism
    • Bauhaus
    • 1925
    • Dessau
    • Gropius and Meyer
    • arrangement of cubes, one juxtaposed against the other
    • eye cannot sum the complex in a single view
    • ground plan doesn't contract upon itself
    • hovering vertical grouping of planes which satisfies the feeling for relational space
    • There is extensive transparency that allows the interior and exterior to exist simultaneously (concept of space and time)
    • NEUE SACHLICHKEIT
    • no "front"
    • road and bride reinforce sense of free moving space
    • German Pavilion
    • 1929
    • Barcelona
    • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

    • rasied on low podium
    • stands for quality design, matrerial and craftmanshio
    • 8 cruciform columns
    • separartion between structure and enclosure but some orthagonal geom
    • feeling of sophistacted taste and luxury
    • Farnsworth House
    • 1946-51
    • Plano
    • Mies van der Rohe

    • skin and bone arch, raised off ground,
    • light reflection off glass, unobstructed view of landscape
    • Chapel of Notre Dame du Haut
    • 1950-4
    • Ronchamp
    • Le Corbusier

    • didnt use rationalism
    • metal frame loks like masonry
    • thin piece of glass under roof to "float"
    • Unity Temple
    • 1906
    • Oak Park
    • Wright

    considered first modern building

    • turned building inward to avoid street noise and from chapel and sunday school
    • worship space is cube with balconies
    • exterior is poured in place, un touched conrete
    • circulations is at corners
    • Guggenheim Museum
    • 1943-59
    • New York
    • Wright
    • .25 mile long qpiral ramp
    • outward leaning curving walls was his scorn for modern art
    • strong 3d spatial inteior experience
    • Glass Pavilion
    • 1914
    • Cologne
    • Bruno Taut

    concrete base, circular rotunda, glass prism-like and walls
    • Unite d'Habitation
    • 1947-52
    • Marseilles
    • Le Corbusier

    • raised on pilotis
    • cross ventilatio possible because on frontage on both sides
    • long narrow plans
    • elevator stop eery 3 floors, each apartment is 1.5 floors
    • each side has exterior balcony
    • orginally had shopping center, also has events on top roof
    • "Le modular" hieghtof person subdivided using golden ratio
    • 860 Lake Shore Dr
    • 1949-51
    • Chicago
    • Mies van der Rohe

    • first glass and steel highrise, fire proof masonry casing, idea from hsi 20's concepts
    • vertically enhanced by skinny ibeams as window mullions
    • exterior steel has no structural function
    • Villa Savoie
    • 1929
    • Poissy
    • Le Corbusier
    • curving ground floor wall determined by turning raidus of car
    • elevatiosn similar, but plana and structure not similar
    • horiz windows
  2. 5 Unbuilt Projects
    1921-3
    Mies van der Rohe
    yup
    • Casa del Fascio
    • 1932-6
    • Como
    • Terragni

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