arch histroy 4 other stuff

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mweis03
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arch histroy 4 other stuff
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2011-04-21 08:25:47
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  1. LE Corbusiers Five Point
    • Pilotis
    • free plan
    • free facade
    • long horizontal sliding window
    • roof garden
  2. Characteristics of Modernism
    • aesthetic mentalit concerned with functionalism
    • buildings are characterized by
    • - asymmetrical composition
    • -unrelieved cubic shapes
    • -white-colored stucco
    • -large glass windows in a horizontal band
    • -fluid, open compositions in plan layout
    • also known as the "International Style"
  3. Characteristics of Mies' Architecture
    • -"The building art is always the spatial exression of spiritual decisions"
    • -The landscape as a "framed" space
    • -grand form geometry
    • -podium and pavilion
    • -integration of the building into the landscape
    • -garden creates different realms
    • -interior court room, half-enclosed room
  4. Le Corbusier's Architecture
    • architecture as a play of opposites
    • solid-void
    • light-dark
    • apollo-medusa
  5. Characteristics of Prairie Style
    • opend ground plan w/ horizontal format
    • low-pitched roofs and low-bouding walls
    • deliberate integration into the site
    • strong contrast to vertical chimenys and double-volume heights
  6. Usonia
    • egalitarian culture that would spontaneously emerge in the USA
    • gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country
    • Equal distribution of population
    • influences were vitalism and organic
  7. Modern Art Movements
    • Surrealism
    • Dadism
    • Expressionism
    • Neue Sachlichkeit
    • Fauvism
    • Cubism
    • Scuola Metafisica
    • Symbolism
    • Primitivism
    • Purism
    • Suprematism
    • Constructivism
    • Neo-Plasticism
    • Futurism
  8. Sachlichkeit
    • [German; translated with dispassion and practicality];
    • an architectural and artistic “movement” between 1890s and 1910s
  9. Otto Wagner
    • Founding member of the Vienna Secession movement, along with Gustav Klimt, Joseph Maria Olbrich, Koloman Moser, and others. “To every age its art and to art its freedom“
    • • Authored Moderne Architecture, published in 1896
    • • Professor and director of a school of architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. Teacher of Rudolph M. Schindler, Joseph Hoffman and others
    • Major works: Flood Regulation Gate, Nußdorf-Vienna, Karlsplatz Light, Railway Station, Majolica Apartment, House, Postal Office Savings Bank Building, Kirche am Steinhof, Wagner Houses
  10. Raumplan:
    • A method of spatial composition for interior spaces of a building.
    • It consists of multiple ceiling and room heights that could be described in the credo: “To each room its own height”
    • The Raumplan allows for bold openings between spaces and potentially allows for spatial fluidity between rooms.
  11. Modernism Epoch Time
    1890-1960
  12. Frank Lloyd Wright
    • Praire Style
    • Brodacre City

    • types of arch : colonial, tudor, gregorian, shingle, queen ave
    • • Chicago World’s Columbian Exhibition of 1893
    • > in particular ‘Ho-o-den Temple’ (Japan) > tokonama
    • Vitalism->Romantisim
  13. Henry Hubson Richardson
    • First American Master Architect
    • First American Architect with Architectural Expression-Language Independent of European Architecture
    • Oscillating between Authority of Classical Order and Vitality of the Asymmetrical
    • Romanesque Gravity
    • Architecture imbued with an Irrefutable Monumentality
  14. Louis Sullivan
    • Educated at Ecole-des-Beaux-Arts in Paris
    • Dictum “Form Follows Function”; example at cornice of Wainwright building, where the ornamental ‘life force’ on the surface of the mullions expand in swirls around the circular attic window, metaphorically reflecting the constructive system of the building > Organicism
    • vitalism
  15. Bauhaus modern endevors
    • Two major endeavors of modern architecture are fulfilled here, not as unconscious outgrowths of advances in engineering but as conscious realizations of an artistic intent:
    • a) There is the hovering, vertical grouping of planes which satisfies our feeling for a RELATIONAL SPACE
    • b) And there is the EXTENSIVE TRANSPARENCY that permits interior and exterior to be simultaneously, achieving a variety of levels of references or of points of references and simultaneity - in short, the conception of SPACE-TIME.
  16. Frank Lloyd Wright:
    “Inventor”; “Fountainhead” without Philosophical Ballast
    Ludwig Mies van der Rohe:
    “Thinker-Architect”; “Single-Mindedness”
    Le Corbusier:
    “Dialectician”; Dialectical Habit
  17. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
    • learned most from old buildings
    • Architecture must belong to its time
    • There is a truth relation. But what is the truth?
    • a) Aquinas: adequatio rei et intellectus (congruence of thing and thought)
    • b) Augustine: Beauty is in the radiance of truth Slowness
    • Architecture as the expression of the slow unfolding of an epoch. An epoch is a slow process.
  18. barnes, first landscape arch

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