Chapter 9

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  1. When living skin splits around the nail, it is called:
    a. melanonychia
    b. hangnail
    c. furrow
    d. beau's break
  2. A trumpet or pincer nail is an:
    a. scarring of the distal nail fold
    b. horizontal nail depression
    c. extremely thin and weak nail
    d. highly exaggerated nail curvature
  3. What does nail psoriasis do to the nails?
    a. pits the nails
    b. causes onychorrhexis
    c. white spots not related to health
    d. caused by calcium deficiency
  4. Leukonychia spots are:
    a. a potentially fatal form of cancer
    b. a direct result of contact dermatitis
    c. white spots not related to health
    d. caused by calcium deficiency
  5. Describe a bruised nail.
    a. white spots appear on nail plate.
    b. purplish blood clot forms under the nail
    c. nail bed goes from blue to green
    d. nail has a bruised appearance for three days or less
  6. Discolored nails turn a variety of colors and may indicate a:
    A. too much beta carotene
    B. poor lifestyle choices
    C. systemic disorder, poor blood circulation
    D. injury to the matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Define onychocryptosis:
    a. a plicatured nail
    b. dark ridges
    c. infected ingrown nail
    d. ingrown nail
  8. The pressure of an ingrown nail can be relieved by doing what?
    A. filing the nail corners square
    b. cutting away the sides of the nail
    c. gently curving the corners of the nail
    d. cutting the nail very short
  9. When filing eggshell nails, what grit should you use?
    a. 240 grit or higher
    b. 80 grit
    c 100 grit
    d. should not file at all
  10. A nail disease more susceptible to bartenders, health care workers, and food processors.
    a. onychia
    b. nail psoriasis
    c. onycholysis
    d. paronycia
  11. What is another term for onychophagy?
    a. incurable fungus
    b. bitten nails
    c. onychocryptosis
    d. melanoma
  12. Which of the following causes beau's lines?
    a. pneumonia
    b. adverse drug reaction
    c. heart failure
    d. all answeres
  13. What is onychia?
    a. green spot between the natural nail and the nail enhancement
    b. eggshell nails
    c. inflammation around the matrix
    d. abnormal damage to the eponychium
  14. What causes onychia?
    a. improperly disinfected nail implements
    b. waiting too long between nail appointments
    c. mail polish remover
    d. double-dipping a nail brush during a service
  15. Define fungi
    a. parasites that cause bad foot odor.
    b. Parasites that can infect the hans and feet.
    c. green parasites.
    D. parasites that lead to bacterial infections
  16. The discoloration that sometimes develops between the nail plate and the nail enhancement is caused by:
    a. mold
    b. fungus
    c. bacteria
    d. dirt
  17. An advanced bacterial infection between the nail plate and an artificial nail enhancement is ________ in color.
    a. scrub the nail, soak in quats
    b. spray with a fungicide solution.
    c. apply an antifungal cream
    d. refer to a physician
  18. How should you treat a client's fungus infection?
    a. scrub the nail, soak in quats
    b. spray with a fungicide solution
    c. apply an antifungal cream
    d. refer to a physician
  19. Define Onichomycosis.
    A. fungal infection of the natural nail plate
    B. non of the choices listed
    C. bacterial infection of the natural nail plate
    D. mold infection of the natural nail plate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. ____ is the separation and falling off of a nail plate from the nail bed.
    a. nail psoriasis
    b. onychia
    c. paronychia
    d. onychomadesis
  21. What is the medical name for a foot fungus?
    a. tinea digitata
    b. pedius fungi
    c. tinea pedis
    d. tinea digiti
  22. Ridges running vertically down the length of the natural nail plate are caused by:
    a. leukemia
    b. age
    c. overheating
    d. dehydration
  23. Paronychia is more prevalent on the:
    a. toenails
    b. fingernails
    c. big toes
    d. thumbs
  24. How should you treat nails that are brittle, are deeply split, and have vertical ridges?
    a. fill split with fast-drying glue.
    b. treat only if nail is not split down to the nail bed
    c. apply ridge filler
    d. buff away ridges, avoiding the split area
  25. A fungal infection called tinea pedis can be described as:
    a. itchy red rash between the toes
    b. flaking
    c. small blisters
    d. all answers
  26. Define pyogenic granuloma
    a. a serious condition that contributes to several types of cancer, especially melanoma
    b. severe infection characterized by a lump of red tissue growing up from the nail bed to the nail plate
    c. mild infection characterized by a lump of pink tissue growing up from the nail bed to the nail plate
    d. a parasitic condition that begins as a mild fungal infection, and grows worse over time
  27. What are the attributes of a healthy nail?
    a. firm, inflexible, shiny and slightly pink or yellow
    b. flexible, shiny, thick, and slightly pink or yellow
    c. firm, flexible, shiny, and slightly pink or yellow
    d. firm, inflexible, thick, and slightly pink or yellow
  28. A __________________ is a condition caused by injury or disease.
    a. healthy nail
    b. mold
    c. fungus
    d. nail disorder
  29. As a professional it is important to carefully study nail structure, nail diseases and disorders for:
    a. your safety
    b. your client's safety
    c. your safety, your client's safety, and the safety of those around you
    d. safety of those around you
  30. This bacterial infection is correctly referred to as mold.
    a. pseudomonas aerobica
    b. pseudomonas aeruginosa
    c. pseudomonas botanica
    d. pseudomonas prolifica
  31. While services are being performed, fungi and bacteria can be spread by:
    a. sneezing
    b. improper sanitation and disinfection practices
    c. unsanitary implements
    d. not using antibacterial soap when washing hands
  32. You should decline to do a nail service any time:
    a. there is inflamed or infected skin
    b. there is broken skin or swelling
    c. a condition is present that may be contagious
    d. all answers
  33. It is safe to perform nail services when this condition is present:
    a. onychosis
    b onychophagy
    c. onychia
    d. paronychia
  34. Cutting off living tissue during a manicure causes ___________ to develop.
    a. hangnails
    b. furrows
    c. eggshell nails
    d. white spots
  35. Abnormal condition that occurs when skin is stretched by teh nail plate.
    a. scalp ringworm
    b. athlete's foot
    c. honeycomb ringworm
    d. nail pterygium
  36. Onycholysis is caused by:
    a. physical injury
    b. allergic reaction of the nail bed
    c. health disorder
    d. all answers
  37. What does onycholysis cause the nail to do?
    a. break off at the free edge
    b. fall off
    c. lift away from the nail bed without shedding
    d. discolor and crumble

Card Set Information

Chapter 9
2009-11-06 18:33:07

Nail Diseases and Disorder
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