q3 brandt

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q3 brandt
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  1. A school in Scotland that consisted of a circle of modern and influential artists that made distinctive contributions to the Art Noveau movement in Architecture and Interior Design.
    The school was deisgned by Mackintosh
    The Glasgow School
  2. A production community of visual artists that evolved from a progressive alliance of artists and designers. The workshop brought together architects, artists, and designers whose first commitment was to design art that was accessible to everyone. The main goal was to make all faucets of human life into one unified work of art. Some of the specialties included metalwork, leather work, bookbinding, woodworking, and painting. Great value was put on exclusive and exquisite craftsmanship.
    Weiner Werkstatte (founded 1903)
  3. Example of works from Weiner Werkstatte
  4. “Glasgow Rose” motifs
  5. A German association of artists, architects, and designers, that was key to the development of modern
    architecture and industrial design, particularly in the later development of the Bauhaus design. Its initial purpose was to establish a partnership of product manufactures with design professionals to improve the competitiveness of German companies in global markets. It was less of an artistic movement than
    it was a state sponsored effort to integrate traditional crafts and industrial mass production techniques. “Unite Art, Industry, the Crafts & Trades”
    Deutscher Werkbund
  6. A group of Austrian artists (Gustav Klimt, Koloman Moser, Joseph Hoffman, Joseph Maria Olbrich, Mac Kurzweil and others) who had resigned from the
    Association of Austrian Artists, housed in the Vienna Kundstlerhaus. It included painters, sculptors, and architects. The first president of the secession was Gustav Klimt and Rudolf Von Alt was honorary president.
    Wiener Sezession, Vienna Secession (founded 1898)
  7. the so-called ʻHoffmann Squareʼ - checker board pattern
  8. rising sun motif -Art Deco
  9. frozen fountain motif - Art Deco
  10. An artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century
    Futurism, the Futurists
  11. stepped pyramid - a major theme in Art Deco works
  12. Done to prevent buildings from blocking light and air from hitting the streets; not imposing height limits, restricted towers to a percentage of the lot size ; end of the 1920s the setback skyscraper, originally built in response to a New York zoning code ; The tiered
    Art Deco skyscrapers of the 1920s and 1930s are a direct result of this resolution; By mid-century most new International Style buildings had met the setback requirements by adopting the use of plazas or low-rise buildings surrounding a monolithic tower centered on the site
    Set-back (as required by New York City's 1916 zoning law)
  13. An ecletic artistic and design style that began in Paris in the 1920s and flourished internationally throughout the 1930s; he term "art deco" was first used widely in 1966; represented elegance, glamour, functionality and modernity; linear symmetry contrast to Art Nouveaus asymmetry; purely decorative, no philosophical or political beginnings ; inspired by Neoclassicism, Constructivisim, Cubism, Modernism, Futurism ; i.e.: Chrysler Building
    le Style Moderne, i.e. original name for the Art Deco Style
  14. The culmination of style moderne in Paris
    Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriel Moderns, 1925, Paris
  15. Tear drop shape; Aerodynamic design in the 1920s and 1930s in which curving walls, long strips
    of windows (often curved around elements of a building), and thin flat roofs with pronounced overhangs were used, often in factories to suggest cleanliness and modernity. It was a characteristic of Modernism, and was promoted by designers such as Loewy and Teague.
    Streamlining, aerodynamic styling
  16. A beam supported on only one end; The
    beam carries the load to the support where it is resisted by moment and shear stress; Cantilever construction allows for overhanging structures without
    external bracing; Cantilevers can also be constructed with trusses or slabs
    cantilever, cantilevered
  17. The department store featured mock modern room displays that popularized modern furnishings and design
    "Modern Design Exposition," Lord & Taylor, 1928
  18. Metropolitan Museum of Art held an exhibition that featured modern interiors and furnishings and stressed the collaborations between architects + industrial designers. This also popularized modern design.
    • "Contemporary American
    • Industrial Art, MOMA exhibition, 1934 -
  19. Architecture that suggested something machine-made, acknowledging industrialization, mass-production, and
    engineering, or that used elements of metal structures (ships, aeroplanes, motorcars, etc.) in an eclectic fashion, more a matter of arriving at an appearance
    than of actually being what it seemed, a fact that contradicted demands for honesty and truth in architecture, and denied the logic of structural
    principles ; economic hardships led to mass production which broadened peoples opinion on machine aesthetic ; mirrored glass, shiny metals, molded plastics, synthetic materials became popular
    Machine Aesthetic
  20. This was the mindset of modernism; things were
    done for a purpose and were made to be functional
    Functionalism
  21. Contrasts reductionists theory ; looks to the
    past for inspiration and context
    Historicism
  22. common in Mies Van Der Rohes and Le Corbusier furniture ; made possible with machinery
    chrome or nickle-plated steel tubing or rod
  23. concrete in which reinforcement bars, reinforcement grids, plates or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen the concrete in tension. It was invented by French gardener Joseph Monier 1849 and patented in 1867. The term Ferro Concrete refers only to concrete that is reinforced with iron or steel. Other materials used to reinforce concrete can be organic and inorganic fibres as well as composites in different forms.
    reinforced concrete
  24. outer covering of a building in which the outer walls are non-structural, but merely keep out the weather
    curtain wall
  25. light weight metal that was considered a new
    material during this period for furniture, laminates, etc. . It was used by the Bauhaus and in Art Deco works
    aluminum
  26. A steel alloy that was considered to be a new material during this period. Used by the Bauhaus and in Art Deco works.
    stainless steel
  27. New material at this time due to technology advancements that was embraced by the Bauhaus and Art Deco.
    black glass -
  28. New material at this time due to technology
    advancements that was embraced by the Bauhaus and Art Deco
    glass block
  29. strongly associated with the Art Deco movement
    fluorescent and neon lighting -
  30. “Design must be based upon tradition. Study the past, but donʼt imitate it: absorb, adapt, abstract characteristics from the past and reinterpret them in a modern way.”
    (a paraphrasing of Charles Rennie Mackintoshʼs design philosophy)
  31. “Any design must express: Usefulness, i.e., form must evolve from functional requirements; Unity, i.e., all parts must related to the whole; Strength, i.e., the strength of the architectural shell must contrast with the
    delicacy of the interior; and Beauty, i.e., a combination of materials used honestly, decoration used economically, and subtle associations with the past.”
    a paraphrasing of Charles Rennie Mackintoshʼs design philosophy
  32. “Art for the times; art must be free!”
    —manifesto of the Vienna Secessionists
  33. "Nothing that is not practical can be beautiful."
    ---Otto Wagner
  34. "Ornament is squandered work and hence squandered health. And it has always been so. Today, however, it also means squandered material and hence squandered capital."
    ---Adolf Loos, 1908
  35. The Deutscher Werkbund (German Work Federation) was a German association of artists, architects, designers, and industrialists. The Werkbund was to become an important event in the development of modern architecture and industrial design, particularly in the later creation of the Bauhaus school of design. Its initial purpose was to establish a partnership of product manufacturers with design professionals to improve the competitiveness of German companies in global markets. The Werkbund
    was less an artistic movement than a state-sponsored effort to integrate traditional crafts and industrial mass-production techniques, to put Germany on a competitive footing with England and the United States. Its motto Vom Sofakissen zum Städtebau (from sofa cushions to city-building) indicates its range of interest
    The goal of the Deutscher Werkbund was to “unite art, industry, the crafts and trades.”
  36. At the age of 16, he was apprenticed to an architect. He attended the Glasgow School of Art. At 21, he became a junior draftsman with the firm of Honeyman
    & Keppie, where he fell in love with Jessie Keppie, the principles sister. The love affair endly badly. Historical influences in Mackintosh’s work influenced: The Italian Renaissance, Mannerism, Scotland’s castles and fortified houses, the work of CVA Voysey and the Arts and Crafts movement.)
    Charles Rennie Mackintosh
  37. “I had talent; Margaret had genius” (Speaking of his wife Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh
    Charles Rennie Mackintosh
  38. Design Philosophy:
    Usefulness: Form must evolve from functional requirements.
    Unity: All parts must relate to the whole
    Strength: The strength of the architectural shell must
    contrast with the delicacy of the interior
    Beauty: Is achieved by combining materials used honestly, decoration used economically, and subtle associations with the past.
    Often used heart motif, that usually has a line across it symbolizing his“Broken heart”
    Art Nouveau, more in form, not ornamentation
    Uses a lot of curvilinear lines in work.
    Incorporates the Grid in most work, or checkerboard.
    Abstracted naturalism
    Charles Rennie Mackintosh

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