Plants Test

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Plants Test
2011-04-21 18:07:46
Plants Test Gifted Biology Gwinnett County

A review for Plants Test.
Show Answers:

  1. Ferns reproduce by
  2. How many cotyledons does a monocot have?

    How many does a dicot have?
    one, two
  3. In a flower, where is the pollen produced?
  4. Name the two groups of seed plants:
    • 1. angiosperms
    • 2. gymnosperm
  5. What is a fruit?
    a structure that covers and protects a seed
  6. Name the two alternating generations of plants:
    • 1. sporophyte
    • 2. gametophype
  7. Name all the male reproductive parts of a flower:
    anther, stamen, filament
  8. Name all of the female reproductive parts of a flower:
    carpel, stigma, style, ovary, ovule
  9. Name three non-vascular plants:
    • 1. ferns
    • 2. mosses
    • 3. liverwarts/hornwarts
  10. What is the difference between a vascular plant and a non-vascular plant?
    • vascular-has xylem and phloem
    • nonvascular- doesn't
  11. What is the function of roots?
    to carry water and nutrients to the plant
  12. What part of the plant is the site for photosynthesis?
    the leaf
  13. The end products of photosynthesis are_______ and ____________.
    glucose and oxygen
  14. The female reproductive cell is called the
  15. The male reproductive cell is called the
  16. When a plant loses water through its leaves it is called:
  17. Gas exchange in a plant occurs through the _______.
  18. The __________ ___________ regulate the opening and closing of the stomata.
    guard cells
  19. True or False: All plants are multicellular eukaryotes.
  20. What are the requirements for photosynthesis to take place (what must the plant have?)
    carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight
  21. A monocot flower has petals in multiples of ______.
  22. Primary growth is when the plant grows _________, whereas secondary growth is when the plant grows wider.
  23. Monocot leaves have __________ veins and dicot leaves have branched veins.
  24. What are three characteristics of plants?
    • -eukaryotic
    • -mulitcellular
    • -plotosynthetic leaves
  25. What were the earliest plants known as? Describe them.
    psilophytes, very simple in structure and did not have leaves
  26. Scientists think the earliest plants (psilophytes) came from _.
    green algae
  27. How do plants prevent water loss?
    They are covered in a waxy layer called a cuticle that creates a barrier
  28. What is a cuticle?
    A waxy layer surrounding the outside of a plant
  29. ____ trap energy for photosynthesis.
  30. What are the two functions of the roots?
    • -absorbing water and nutrients from the soil
    • -anchoring the plant into the ground
  31. What is a vascular plant?
    a plant that contains xylem and phloem
  32. What is the difference between vascular and non-vascular plants?
    vascular plants have xylem and phloem and nonvascular plants do not.
  33. Xylem carries water and nutriens (to or away from) the plant?
  34. Phloem carries water and nutrients (to or away from) the plant?
    away from
  35. How do plants reproduce?
    either with seeds or spores through pollination
  36. Fill in this diagram.