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Ferns reproduce by
How many cotyledons does a monocot have?
How many does a dicot have?
In a flower, where is the pollen produced?
Name the two groups of seed plants:
- 1. angiosperms
- 2. gymnosperm
What is a fruit?
a structure that covers and protects a seed
Name the two alternating generations of plants:
- 1. sporophyte
- 2. gametophype
Name all the male reproductive parts of a flower:
anther, stamen, filament
Name all of the female reproductive parts of a flower:
carpel, stigma, style, ovary, ovule
Name three non-vascular plants:
- 1. ferns
- 2. mosses
- 3. liverwarts/hornwarts
What is the difference between a vascular plant and a non-vascular plant?
- vascular-has xylem and phloem
- nonvascular- doesn't
What is the function of roots?
to carry water and nutrients to the plant
What part of the plant is the site for photosynthesis?
The end products of photosynthesis are_______ and ____________.
glucose and oxygen
The female reproductive cell is called the
The male reproductive cell is called the
When a plant loses water through its leaves it is called:
Gas exchange in a plant occurs through the _______.
The __________ ___________ regulate the opening and closing of the stomata.
True or False: All plants are multicellular eukaryotes.
What are the requirements for photosynthesis to take place (what must the plant have?)
carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight
A monocot flower has petals in multiples of ______.
Primary growth is when the plant grows _________, whereas secondary growth is when the plant grows wider.
Monocot leaves have __________ veins and dicot leaves have branched veins.
What are three characteristics of plants?
- -plotosynthetic leaves
What were the earliest plants known as? Describe them.
psilophytes, very simple in structure and did not have leaves
Scientists think the earliest plants (psilophytes) came from _.
How do plants prevent water loss?
They are covered in a waxy layer called a cuticle that creates a barrier
What is a cuticle?
A waxy layer surrounding the outside of a plant
____ trap energy for photosynthesis.
What are the two functions of the roots?
- -absorbing water and nutrients from the soil
- -anchoring the plant into the ground
What is a vascular plant?
a plant that contains xylem and phloem
What is the difference between vascular and non-vascular plants?
vascular plants have xylem and phloem and nonvascular plants do not.
Xylem carries water and nutriens (to or away from) the plant?
Phloem carries water and nutrients (to or away from) the plant?
How do plants reproduce?
either with seeds or spores through pollination
Fill in this diagram.
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