Ornithology

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Author:
fdupont
ID:
8109
Filename:
Ornithology
Updated:
2010-02-25 19:24:11
Tags:
Ornithology Birds Taxonomy
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Description:
Ornithology--Birds
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    • Sub Class - Neognathae
    • Order - Sphenisciformes
    • Family - Spheniscidae

    • All species are countershaded
    • Small, glossy, scale-like feathers cover whole body; lack apteria
    • Paddle-like wings have bones flattened and fused
    • Short legs set far back
    • Feet: palmate (1st, 2nd and 3rd)
  1. Loons, Common Loon (Gavia immer)

    • Sub Class – Neognathae
    • Order – Gaviiformes
    • Family – Gaviidae

    • Fresh and Salt water in Northern Hemisphere
    • Larger than biggest ducks
    • Spear-shaped bill, stocky neck, stream lined body
    • Legs far back on body for swimming
    • Feet: palmate
  2. Grebes, Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)

    • Sub Class – Neognathae
    • Order – Podicipediformes
    • Family – Podicipedidae

    • Poorly suited for land
    • Both sexes car for young
    • Elaborate courtship
    • Countershaded
    • Feet: lobate, toenails wide and flat while middle toenail
    • pectinate (comb-like)
  3. Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)

    • Sub Class – Neognathae
    • Order – Pelecaniformes
    • Family – Pelecanidae

    • Brown – southern and southeastern coasts
    • White – inland (breeding) and southern coasts (winter)
    • Long bill
    • Gular sac very large- used as a net to scoop up fish and
    • water
  4. Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus)

    • Sub Class – Neognathae
    • Order – Pelecaniformes
    • Family – Sulidae

    • Long wings
    • Sharp,pointed bills
  5. Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)

    • Sub Class – Neognathae
    • Order – Pelecaniformes
    • Family – Phalacrocoracidae

    • Thin bill with hook
    • Small pouch
    • Black/grey plumage with orange or red face
  6. Anhingas

    • Sub Class – Neognathae
    • Order – Pelecaniformes
    • Family – Anhingidae

    Pointed bill used to spear fish
  7. Frigatebirds

    • Sub Class – Neognathae
    • Order – Pelecaniformes
    • Family – Fregatidae

    • Forked tail
    • Long, hooked bill
    • Male’sred gular sac inflated during courtship
    • Ostrich
    • Struthioniformes
    • Struthionidae

    • -Largest land bird
    • -Only Africa
    • Rheas
    • Reheiformes
    • Rehidae

    -South America
    • Cassowary
    • Casuariiformes
    • Casuaridae

    • -Australia
    • -Short legs
    • -Waddles on throat
    • -One of three toes specialized (long nail = weapon)
    • Emu
    • Casuariiformes
    • Dromaiidae

    -Monotypic family
    • Kiwi
    • Dinornithiformes
    • Apterygidae

    • - Australia and NZ
    • - Three species of flightless birds
    • Tinamous
    • Tinamiformes
    • Tinamidae

    -South America
    • Great Blue Heron
    • Ciconiiformes
    • Ardeidae

    -Largest ardeid in our area
    • American Bittern
    • Ciconiiformes
    • Ardeidae
    • Cattle Egret
    • Ciconiiformes
    • Ardeidae
    • Snowy Egret
    • Ciconiiformes
    • Ardeidae
    • Green Heron
    • Ciconiiformes
    • Ardeidae
    • Black-crowned Night Heron
    • Ciconiiformes
    • Ardeidae
    • Glossy Ibis
    • Ciconiiformes
    • Threskiornithidae
    • Flamingo
    • Phoenicopteriformes
    • Phoenicopteridae

    • - Palmate feer
    • -Long S-shaped neck
    • -Everywhere but NA and OZ

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