pt eval a22-a24

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Anonymous
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81116
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pt eval a22-a24
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2011-04-22 02:22:12
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pt eval a22-a24
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  1. what does CBC measure
    • rbc
    • hb
    • hct
    • wbc
  2. RBC transports
    o2
  3. RBC normal value
    4-6 (5)
  4. a low rbc, hb, hct=
    anemia
  5. hemoglobin carries
    o2
  6. HB normal value
    12-16 (15)
  7. Hct spin the whole blood and measure the
    % of RBC in the original blood vol
  8. Hct normal value
    40-50
  9. WBC fights
    infections
  10. WBC normal value
    5,000-10,000
  11. low WBC=
    viral
  12. high WBC=
    bacterial
  13. what are neutrophils
    major WBC
  14. immature cells; normally 4% of WBC, increased with bacterial infections
    bands
  15. mature cells, normally 60% of WBC, decreased with bacterial infections
    segs
  16. what pathology would show an increase in eosinophils
    allergic reactions
  17. monocytes is associated with
    tb, 3% of WBC
  18. what are electrolytes and what is their function?
    • k
    • na
    • cl
    • hco3

    for normal body metabolism
  19. signs n symptoms of an electrolyte imbalance
    • muscle weakness
    • soreness mental changes
    • dizziness
    • drowsiness
  20. important for acid base balance and muscle function, including cardiac muscle
    K
  21. normal K
    3.5-4.5 meq/l
  22. hypokalemia=
    low K
  23. Na is controlled by the
    kidneys
  24. Na normal
    135-145
  25. hyponatremia=
    low Na, fluid loss from diuretics, vomiting, diarrhea,
  26. Cl levels are closely associated with
    Na
  27. Cl normal
    80-100
  28. HCO3 normal
    22-26
  29. creatine and BUN is related to which function
    kidney function
  30. what would an increase BUN indicate
    kidney failure
  31. mucoid=
    • white/gray
    • chronic bronchitis
  32. yellow=
    • wbc
    • bacterial infection
    • allergic
  33. green=
    gram - bacteria
  34. brown=
    old blood
  35. bright red=
    • hemoptysis
    • bleeding tumor
    • tb
  36. pink frothy=
    edema
  37. coccos= gram
    +
  38. culture=
    id bacteria is present
  39. sensitivity=
    which antibiotic will kill the bacteria
  40. what info is obtained from a gram stain
    weather is a gram - or +
  41. acid fast stain identifys
    myobacterium tb
  42. APTT- activated partial thromboplastin time is used for monitoring
    heparin therapy
  43. PT- prothrombin time is similar to APTT but it used for moniroting
    warfarin (coumadin) therapy
  44. reflects metabolic status of pt and is a screening test for kidney disease
    urinalysis
  45. urinalysis can indicate
    UTI before blood cultures

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