Jennifer Hodges

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JenniferHodges
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81169
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Jennifer Hodges
Updated:
2011-04-22 15:12:53
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Final Comps
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Final Comps
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  1. How do you position for a RAO Sternum?
    • Oblique patient 15-20 towards Right side
    • CR-To mid sternum=
    • CR-1" Left to Midline and midway between the jugular notch and xiphoid process
    • Place 11*14 IR 1-1/2" above the jugular notch
  2. What is the purpose for an RAO Sternum?
    Gets out of the spinal column and into the heart field
  3. What are the breathing instructions for an RAO Sternum?
    Breath technique should be used
  4. How do you position for a Lateral Sternum?
    • Patient in true lateral
    • Draw shoulders back
    • CR-Center of sternum(Midway between the jugular notch and xiphoid process)
  5. What are the breathing instructions for a Lateral Sternum?
    Suspend respiration on Inspiration
  6. How do you position for AP Ribs above diaphragm?
    • Raise chin to prevent superimposition of the chin on the ribs
    • CR-3-4" below jugular notch (T7)
    • IR-1/12" Above shoulders
  7. How many ribs should you see on a PA Ribs above Diaphragm?
    1-10
  8. What are the breathing instructions for AP ribs Above Diaphragm?
    Suspend on INSPIRATION
  9. How do you postion for Ribs Below diaphragm?
    • CR-Midway between Xiphoid and Lower Rib Cage
    • IR-Should be at the level of the Iliac Crest
  10. What are the breathing instructions for PA or AP below diaphragm?
    Suspend Respiratiopn on EXPIRATION
  11. What ribs should you see on AP Ribs Below Diaphragm?
    Ribs 8-12
  12. What level is the xiphoid process located?
    T9-T10
  13. How do you position for PA ribs above diapragm?
    • CR-T7 (7-8" below vertebrae prominens)
    • IR-1-1/2" above shoulders
  14. How do you position for a PA or AP oblique Ribs above diaphragm?
    • POSTERIOR-Oblique patient 45 with affected side TOWARD IR
    • ANTERIOR- Oblique patient 45 with Affected side AWAY from IR
    • Raise arm above head and other arm behind back
    • CR-Midway between lateral margin of ribs and spine
    • CR-3-4" below jugular notch (T7) for ABOVE diaphragm
    • CR-midway between xiphoid process and lower rib cage for BELOW diaphragm
  15. What is the purpose for Oblique Ribs
    To rotate the spine away from the site of injury
  16. What SID shoud you use for bilateral ribs?
    72"
  17. What level is the lower costal rib margin located?
    L2-L3
  18. What level is the ASIS located?
    S1-S2
  19. How do you position for an AP Lumbar Spine?
    • Lay patient supine and flex knees to get the spine closer to the table
    • CR-To Crest(L4-L5)
  20. What level is the Iliac Crest located?
    L4-L5
  21. What is the purpose for flexing the knees for an AP Lumbar Spine?
    Opens up the intervertebral disk spaces
  22. What breathing instructions should be given for an AP Lumbar Spine?
    Suspend on EXPIRATION
  23. How do you position for a Lateral Lumbar Spine?
    • True lateral with pillow under flexed knees
    • Place sponge under waist
    • CR 5-8 degrees caudad
    • CR-To Iliac Crest(L4-L5)
  24. What are the breathing instructions for Lateral L-spine?
    Suspend on EXPIRATION
  25. What structures are shown on a Lateral L-Spine?
    Intervertebral Foramina and joint spaces
  26. How do you position for an Spot
    • CR-5-8 degrees caudad
    • CR1-1/2" inferior to iliac crest and 2" posterior to ASIS
  27. What is the purpose of the Spot
    To open up L5-S1 joint space
  28. What breathing instructions should be given for the Spot
    Hold your breath
  29. How do you position for Oblique L-Spine?
    • Rotate patient 45 to place spinal column directly over midline of table
    • CR-1-1/2" above Crest and 2" Medial to UPSIDE ASIS
  30. What breathing instructions should be given for oblique L-Spines?
    Suspend breathing on EXPIRATION
  31. What structures are seen for an Oblique L-Spine?
    Zygopohyseal Joints
  32. What side are you looking at for LPO/RPO oblique Lumbar Spines?
    The downside
  33. What side are you looking at for RAO/LAO L-Spines?
    Upside
  34. How do you position for an AP Axial Sacrum?
    • CR-15 Cephalic
    • CR-2" above sypmpysis pubis
  35. What breathing techniques should be given for AP Sacrum
    Suspend breathing on Expiration
  36. How do you position for an AP Axial Coccyx?
    • CR-10 Caudad
    • CR-2" Below Symphisis Pubis
  37. What breathing techniques should be given for an AP Axial Coccyx?
    Suspsend breathing on Expiration
  38. How do you position for a Lateral Sacrum?
  39. How do you position for a Lateral Coccyx?
    CR 3-4" posterior and 2" Below ASIS
  40. What breathing techniques should be given for Lateral Coccyx?
    Suspend Breathing on Expiration
  41. How do you position for an AP Axial SI Joints?
    • CR 30-35 Cephalic
    • CR 2" below ASIS
  42. How do you position for a RPO/LPO Oblique SI Joint?
    • Rotate Patient 25-30 With side of interest elevated
    • CR 1" Medial to Upside ASIS
  43. What are you looking at for oblique SI Joints?
    • You are looking at the upside RAO=Left
    • LAO=Right
  44. How do you position for an AP Bilateral Pelvis?
    • Rotate legs 15-20 internally
    • CR-midway between ASIS and the symphysis pubis(2" below ASIS)
  45. What is the point for turning the legs inward on an AP Pelvis
    The lesser trochanter will not be visible
  46. How do you position for an AP Bilateral Frog Leg?
    • Have patient abbduct both feet 40-45 degrees
    • CR- 3" below ASIS
  47. How do you position for an AP Hip?
    • Rotate affected lef 15-20 internally
    • CR1-2" below midfemoral neck (1-2'' medial and 3-4" below ASIS)
  48. How do you position for an Frog Leg Hip?
    • Abbduct femur 45
    • CR-Midfemoral neck

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