arab nations rejected actions and condemned the removal of palestinians, and declared the creation of israel to be illegitimate. over the next several decades, jordan, syria, egypt, and lebanon fought wars with israel. in 1967, israel won major victory, and annexed sinai peninsula by force from egypt. us is close ally and strongly supports israel. the palestinians wish to create their own independent state in west bank. they frequently perform acts of terrorism on israel. both sides claim jerusalem as their own. the right of displaced palestinians to return is another cause of dispute.