Subsaharan Africa: What are the greatest challenges facing this realm? Why has this realm not seen more progress since decolonization? What are the different regions of this realm? Be able to discuss as least 2 nations in detail. What can be done to help Africa?
Africa faces many challenges: political instability, endemic corruption, widespread disease (HIV/AIDS), poverty, civil war, environmental destruction, and infrastructure deterioration. There are no easy solutions; they have significant resources, and with right measures could become stable and prosperous. Hard work from people of Africa and assistance from other nations is a must. Has not seen progress because the economies are in first-tier status and democratic institutions have not been adopted. Political boundaries have remained and as a rule, the nations remain underdeveloped. Governed by corrupt leaders that are not concerned with the needs of the people. Suffer from civil war and lawlessness. Different regions are southern (mineral wealth), east, equatorial, and west. Two nations are: Somalia and Rwanda. Somalia very tragic, failed state. Consists of rural subsistence farmers. Arid environment, droughts are common. One drought in 1990 prompted civil war that led to collapse of government and American deaths. Is ruled by a variety of regional warlords. Rwanda is a small nation between Tanzania and the Congo. Always been poor and politically unstable. In 1994 rival tribes of Tutsi and Hutu began to fight, Rwanda descended into chaos. Hundreds of thousands died. Ethnic violence widespread, still politically unstable.