Africa: Final SG

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blackkballoon
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81206
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Africa: Final SG
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2011-04-23 18:26:41
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Africa final exam study guide
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A list of questions from the study guide that will be used on the Africa Final Exam
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  1. According to David Livingstone what could have made Africa equivalent to Europe?
    • Christianany
    • Commerce
    • Civilization
  2. In the movie, "The Bible and the Gun" who became the chief advocate of Anglo-Saxon civilization in Africa and the building of a Cape to Cairo empire?
    • Cecil Rose
    • or Zulu
  3. In the movie "This Magnificent Cake" who coined the saying "I am determined to get my share of this magnificent African cake?
    King Leopold of Beligum
  4. In the movie "This Magnificent Cake" who or what is described as '300 miles long and only 30 miles wide'?
    Gambia
  5. In the movie "This Magnificent Cake" who was described as someone who offered the olive branch (or the option of peaceful co-existence) to the European colonizers?
    The French
  6. The term "monoculture" relates to:
    the agriculturel practice of producing or growing one single crop over a wide area
  7. Which of the following countries is directly associated with Apartheid?
    South Africa
  8. Who were the Afrikaners in South Africa?
    Boer subgroup who descended from equal numbers of Dutch, French and German settlers

    They speak Afrikaan: germanic language which derives from language which derives from dutch dialect.
  9. Which of the following countries saw the first large-scale European settlement in Africa?
    • It is either:
    • South Africa
    • Sao Tome
  10. Who was the chief architect of the ideology of "apartness" or apartheid in South Africa?
    Nationalist Party
  11. Which of the following defines apartheid best?
    • Apartness
    • Seperate development
  12. Which of the following ideas is part of Julius Nyrere's African socialism
    • Julius Nyrere's socialism:
    • A rigorous state of control of the economy
    • "equal access for all the fruits of the land labor"
    • Rejection of class welfare
    • National self-reliance
    • An ethic of selfless service that banished personal acquisitiveness and emphasized communal sharing
    • Ujama (villagization)
  13. Which of the following Africa countries became home to pepatriating New World people?
    Marcus Garvey - South Africa


    Or


    Benin? somewhere on the West Coast?
  14. Which of the following sub-Saharan African countries gained its independence from European rule first?
    Ghana
  15. Which of the following groups or places were the most difficult for the Europeans to colonize?
    Zulu?
  16. The term ujama refers to?
    Villagization
  17. Whose idea was social Africa?
    Julius Nyrere also Jomo Kenyatta helped
  18. In terms of total area which European nation had the biggest colony in Africa?
    French or British
  19. Which aspects of African society did colonialism target and affect at one level of another?
    • Religion
    • Politics
    • Individuals
  20. Which of the following countries successfully defended itself from European colonialism?
    Ethiopia
  21. Whose policy was "assimiliation"?
    French (Senegal)
  22. In the quest for independence which colonies saw the emergence of armed liberation struggles?
    Algeria
  23. Whose policy was "indirect rule" in Africa?
    British
  24. Regionally speaking which parts of Africa saw larger European settlements?
    Northern/ Northwestern Africa
  25. Is a discrete brand of imperialism by which a state imposes its administrative control over people of another culture
    Colonialism
  26. Which of the following powers lost its African colonies early?
    Great Britain

    or

    United States?
  27. Which of the following paths led African countries to independence from European colonial rule?
    • Many Factors:
    • Wilsonian self determination
    • Pan-African and black rights movement
    • International developments in post-WWII era
  28. Which of the following West European powers did not have colonies in Africa at all?
    • West European powers that did have colonies:
    • Britain
    • French
    • Portugese
  29. Which of the following terms best characterize the relatively peaceful "granting" of independence of African colonies?
    Decolonization
  30. Which of the following battles represented a major defeat of European colonialism in Africa?
    • Battle of Adwa
    • ---In Ethiopia
  31. Which of the following inventions/strategies or problems faciliated European conquest and rule in Arica?
    • Inventions/Strategies
    • Leopold's notion of Magnicent African Cake (1865)
    • The Discovery of diamond in South Africa(1867)
    • Opening of Suez Canal (1869)
    • The Berlin Confrence (1884)
  32. Which of the first generation of African leaders sought to embrace the Victorian creed for his country?
    Jomo Kenyatta
  33. Which crops saw their expansion most as a result of the colonial economy?
    • Sugar
    • Tobacco
    • Cotton
    • Gold
    • Diamonds
  34. What is the number one sport in Africa?
    Soccer
  35. What does "chubaro" mean?
    ????
  36. What do the decades 1880s and 1960s represent in African history?
    Independence the begining and end
  37. Which of the following African regions is rich in mineral wealth such as diamonds and gold?
    South Africa
  38. What themes dominated African history during the second half of the twentieth century?
    • The themes include:
    • High population growth
    • Natural liberation
    • Economic growth followed by decline
    • Conflict and greater instability
  39. To whom do we associate the saying "seek ye first the political kingdom and all things shall be added unto you"?
    Mathew 6:33
  40. One way in which the colonizers tried to entrice Africans to go out and work in European farms was through
    Taxes
  41. Which of the following statements is correct about the transatlantic slave trade?
    Some facts about the TAST:

    Small during 16th C., accelerated during 17th C., during 18th C. it peaked

    For sugar production

    used slaves from Africa
  42. Which of the following regions imported the least number of slaves due to the Atlantic slave trade?
    Eastern African side
  43. The phrase the "middle passage" represents
    The section in the atlantic where slaves were transfered from Africa to the New World (Brazil, Latin America, North America, etc.)
  44. Which of the following crops was not important in the era of the Plantation Economy in the New World?
    Less important crops (ex. banana vs. tobacco.... banana would be answer
  45. Which part of Africa was most directly affected by the Atlantic slave trade?
    Southwestern, Western and Southeastern Africa
  46. Which of the following places served as a slave port at the time of the Atlantic slave trade?
    somewhere western side
  47. Is the one crop that defined most the slave-based tropical plantation in the Americas
    Sugar
  48. Why didn't the Europeans utilize native Americans as slave labor?
    • Reason why Native Americans were not used for slave labor:
    • They knew land, made it easier for them to escape
    • many diseases that they were not immune to, so they died
    • wasn't physically enough of them
  49. What is voluntarily becoming a dependent to another person during a time of famine or other catastrophe to avoid death or as a way of escaping poverty? (the person can also choose to leave the relationship)
    Pawnship
  50. Which of the following areas imported the largest number of African slaves for plantation work?
    • Brazil and Caribbean (80%)
    • Latin America (15%)
    • North America (5%)
  51. Amilcar Cabral
    • Nationalist from the movie
    • -Guiena
    • -Fighting Portugeuse
  52. Native Reserves
  53. Direct Rule
    European aims & means of administration

    French (Assimilation, modern law and working w/ “superior” races
  54. Leopold Senghor
    • First president of Senegal
    • Came up with idea of Negritude
  55. Battle of Adwa
    • Between Ethiopia vs. Italy
    • March 1 1896
  56. Rhodesia
    Named after Cecil Rhodes for the British South African Company aquired the land in 19th C.
  57. Kwame Nkrumah
    Ghana (peaceful transfer)

    • o First African country south of Sahara to become independent
    • o Kwame Nkrumah’s role (led them to independence)
    • o Nkrumah formed the Convention People’s Party (CPP) in 1949
    • o Decolonization through coordinated mass action
    • o Gandhi’s use of mass nonviolent protest in India and the U.S. experience in mass democracy
    • o Nkrumah’s party won elections from 1951 and he became the first head of independent Ghana in 19577

    (this led the way of many other countries demanding independence)
  58. Nelson Mandela
    • President of South Africa
    • Apartheid
  59. Menilek II
  60. African Reactions to Colonialism
    • · Negotiation and compromise
    • · Military encounters: the case of Emperor Menilek of (Ethiopia) [p282-284]
    • · Separate Sphere: Religion, Politics and Individuals
  61. Bantustans
    South African Afrikaaner


    • · The proponents:
    • o The races of the world embodied important cultural differences
    • o Racial groups were best kept physically separated from one another
    • o Physical separation would enable reach race to develop its own genius uncorrupted by alien influence.
    • o A central white state encircled by Bantustans (township residents)
  62. Negritude
    Négritude is a literary and ideological movement, developed by francophone black intellectuals, writers, and politicians in France in the 1930s by a group that included the future Senegalese President Léopold Sédar Senghor, Martinican poet Aimé Césaire, and the Guianan Léon Damas.
  63. Cecil Rhodes
    • Ø Thousands of European began migrating to south Africa for diamonds
    • Ø One of them was an 18 yr old Englander Cecil Rhodes

    Ø Rhodes (founded company) pitched his tent at the sited called New Rush, near a farm purchased by diggers for 600 pounds from farmers Johannes and DeBeers – company for diamond mining
  64. Ghana
    • o First African country south of Sahara to become independent
    • o Kwame Nkrumah’s role (led them to independence)
    • o Nkrumah formed the Convention People’s Party (CPP) in 1949
    • o Decolonization through coordinated mass action
    • o Gandhi’s use of mass nonviolent protest in India and the U.S. experience in mass democracy
    • o Nkrumah’s party won elections from 1951 and he became the first head of independent Ghana in 19577

    (this led the way of many other countries demanding independence)

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