Anatomy and Physiology Chapter One.txt

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allie.carley
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813
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Anatomy and Physiology Chapter One.txt
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2009-11-06 14:58:47
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chapter one the human body in health & disease
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  1. Anatomy
    • The study of the structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts
    • Derived from two Greek words that mean "a cutting up"
  2. Physiology
    The study of the function of living organisms and their parts
  3. Disease
    Result from abnormalities of body structure or function
  4. Pathology
    The scientific study of disease
  5. Pathos
    The Greek word for"disease"
  6. Superior
    • Refers to a structure closer to the head
    • Above
    • When referring to structures on the trunk it would be cranial.
  7. Inferior
    • Refers to a structure closer to the feet
    • Below
    • When referring to structures on the truck it would be caudal.
  8. Posterior
    Further toward the back of the body
  9. Anterior
    Further toward the front of the body
  10. Medial
    Closer to the midline of the body
  11. Lateral
    Further away from the midline of the body
  12. Distal
    A structure that is further away from the trunk or the body's midline only: when referring to arms or legs.
  13. Proximal
    A structure that is closer to the trunk: only when referring to arms or legs.
  14. Superficial
    Closer to the body's surface
  15. Deep
    Deeper in the body
  16. Ventral and Dorsal
    Two main body cavities
  17. Ventral Body Cavity
    • Upper part is called the thoracic cavity
    • Lower part is called the abdominopelvic cavity
  18. Thoracic Cavity
    Contains the right plural cavity, meadiastinum, and left plural cavity
  19. Abdominopelvic Cavity
    Contains the abdominal and pelvic cavities
  20. Dorsal Body Cavity
    Contains the cranial and spinal cavities
  21. Right Hypochondriac Region
    Upper, right abdominopelvic region
  22. Epigastric Region
    Upper, central abdominopelvic region
  23. Left Hypochondriac Region
    Upper, left abdominopelvic region
  24. Right Lumbar Region
    Middle, right abdominopelvic region
  25. Umbilical Region
    Middle, central abdominopelvic region
  26. Left Lumbar Region
    Middle, left abdominopelvic region
  27. Right Iliac (Inguinal) Region
    Lower, right abdominopelvic region
  28. Hypogastric Region
    Lower, central abdominopelvic region
  29. Left Iliac (Inguinal) Region
    Lower, left abdominopelvic region
  30. Crown
    Top of head
  31. Frontal
    Forehead
  32. Orbital
    Eyeball
  33. Nasal
    Nose
  34. Zygomatic
    Upper cheek
  35. Buccal
    Lower cheek
  36. Oral
    Mouth
  37. Cephalic
    Head
  38. Cranial
    Upper scull
  39. Facial
    Face
  40. Mental
    Chin
  41. Supraclavicular
    Area above clavicle
  42. Thoracic
    Chest
  43. Adnominal
    Abdomen
  44. Pelvic
    Pelvis
  45. Palmar/Volar
    Anterior surface of hand
  46. Inguinal
    Groin
  47. Patellar
    Knee
  48. Pedal
    Foot
  49. Axillary
    Armpit
  50. Mammary
    Breast
  51. Brachial
    Arm
  52. Cubital
    Elbow
  53. Antecubital
    Front of elbow
  54. Umbilical
    Navel
  55. Antebracial
    Forearm
  56. Carpal
    Wrist
  57. Digital/Phalangeal
    Fingers
  58. Femoral
    Thigh
  59. Crural
    Leg
  60. Tarsal
    Ankle
  61. Digital
    Toe
  62. Temporal
    Side of skull
  63. Cervical
    Neck
  64. Dorsal
    Back
  65. Olecranal
    Back of elbow
  66. Flank
    Lateral region
  67. Lumbar
    Loin
  68. Gluteal
    Buttock
  69. Popliteal
    Back of knee
  70. Sural
    Back of leg
  71. Plantar
    Sole of foot
  72. Deltoid Region
    Shoulder
  73. Homeostasis
    Relative constancy of the internal environment

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