antibiotics

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Author:
mminnick
ID:
81301
Filename:
antibiotics
Updated:
2011-04-24 16:58:57
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regis university
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antibioti
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  1. Colistin
    5, 6
  2. Vancomycin
    • 1-4
    • glycopeptide
  3. Telavancin
    • 1-4
    • lipoglycopeptide
    • MAY have activity against MRSA
  4. Daptomycin
    • 1-4
    • cyclic lipopeptides
    • never use against pneumonia
    • inactivated by pulmonary surfactant
  5. Ciprofloxacin
    • 5, 6, 8
    • 2nd Gen fluoro
  6. Norfloxacin
    • 5, 6, 8
    • 2nd Gen fluoro
  7. Ofloxacin
    • 5, 6, 8
    • 2nd Gen fluoro
  8. Levofloxacin
    • 3, 5, 6, 8
    • 3rd Gen fluoro
  9. Gemifloxacin
    • 3, 5, 8
    • Advanced Gen
  10. Moxifloxacin
    • 3, 5, 7, 8
    • Advanced Gen
  11. SMX-TMP
    • 1- 3, 5
    • Altifolate
    • does NOT include S. pyogens
  12. Metronidazole
    • 7
    • Nitroimidazoles
  13. Nitrofurantoin
    • 1, 3, 4, 5
    • only useful to urinary tract pathogens (E. coli, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Enterococcus spp)
  14. Rifampin
    • 1-3
    • active against mycobacterium tuberculosis
  15. Amikacin
    • 5,6
    • aminoglycosides
  16. Gentamicin
    • 5, 6
    • aminoglycosides
  17. Neomycin
    • 5, 6
    • aminoglycosides
  18. Tobramycin
    • 5, 6
    • aminoglycosides
  19. Azithromycin
    • 3, 5, 8
    • (5 includes: M. catarrhalis, H. influenzae)
    • macrolide
  20. clarithromycin
    • 3, 5, 8
    • (5 includes: M. catarrhalis, H. influenzae)
    • macrolide
  21. Erythromycin
    • 3, 5, 8
    • (5 includes: M. catarrhalis, H. influenzae, [less than azith and clarith])
    • macrolide
  22. Telithromycin
    • 3, 5, 8
    • (5 includes: M. catarrhalis, H. influenzae)
    • ketolide
  23. Clindamycin
    • 1-3
    • active against some strains of CA-MSRA
    • lincosamide
  24. quinupristin & dalfopristin
    • 1-4
    • only active against E. faecium (not E. facalis)
    • Streptogramins
  25. Linezolid
    • 1-4
    • active against E. faecium and E. facalis
    • Oxazolidinones
  26. Chloramphenicol
    • **all but 2 & 6**
    • active against E. faecium and not E. facalis
  27. Doxycycline
    • 1-3, 5, 8
    • active against some CA-MRSA
    • tetracyclines
  28. Minocycline
    • 1-3, 5, 8
    • active against some CA-MRSA
    • tetracyclines
  29. Tetracycline
    • 1-3, 5, 8
    • active against some CA-MRSA
    • tetracyclines
  30. Tigrecycline
    • **all but 6**
    • 4- only active against vancymycin-sensitive E. faecalis
    • 5- not including Proteus spp.
    • Glycylcycline
  31. Penicillin G & V
    • 3
    • Natural Penicillin
  32. Dicloxacillin
    • 1, 3
    • Penicillinase-resistant penicillins
  33. Nafcillin
    • 1, 3
    • Penicillinase-resistant penicillins
  34. Oxacillin
    • 1, 3
    • Penicillinase-resistant penicillins
  35. Ampicillin
    • 3-5
    • Aminopenicillins
    • Limited to some E. coli and GNR that dont produce B-lactamase
    • Enterococci sensitive to ampicillin
  36. Amoxicillin
    • 3-5
    • Aminopenicillins
    • Limited to some E. coli and GNR that dont produce B-lactamase
    • Enterococci sensitive to ampicillin
  37. Piperacillin
    • 3-6
    • antipseudomonal
    • Enterococci sensitive to ampicillin
  38. Ticarcillin
    • 3-6
    • antipseudomonal
    • Enterococci sensitive to ampicillin
  39. Amoxicillin + Clavulanic acid
    • **all but 2 & 8 6**
    • Enterococci sensitive to ampicillin
    • only pip and tax cover P. aeru
  40. Ampicillin + Sulbactam
    • **all but 2 & 8 6**
    • Enterococci sensitive to ampicillin
    • only pip and tax cover P. aeru
  41. Piperacillin + Tazobactam
    • **all but 2 & 8 **
    • Enterococci sensitive to ampicillin
    • Covers P. aeru
  42. Ticarcillin + Clavulanic acid
    • **all but 2 & 8**
    • Enterococci sensitive to ampicillin
    • covers P. aeru
  43. Cefazolin
    • 1, 3, PEcK
    • 1st gen
  44. Cephalexin
    • 1, 3, PEcK
    • 1st gen
  45. HiMPEcK
    Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Proteus mirabilis, E. coli, Klebsiella spp.
  46. SPACE
    Serratia spp., Proteus spp.(mirabilis+vulgaris), Acinetobacter spp., Citrobacter spp., Enterobacter
  47. Cefoxitin
    • 1, 3, HiMPEcK, 7
    • 2nd gen
  48. Cefuroximine
    • 1, 3, HiMPEcK
    • 2nd gen
  49. Cefpodoxime
    • 1, 3, HiMPEcK SPACE
    • 3rd gen
  50. Ceftazidime
    • 1, 3, HiMPEcK SPACE, 6
    • 3rd gen
  51. Ceftriaxone
    • 1, 3, HiMPEcK SPACE
    • 3rd gen
  52. Cefotaxime
    • 1, 3, HiMPEcK SPACE
    • 3rd gen
  53. Cefepime
    • 1, 3, 5, 6
    • 4th gen
    • kills ESBL
  54. Ceftaroline
    • 1-3, 5(HiM)
    • 5th gen.
    • includes VISA & VRSA
  55. Carbapenems
    • 1, 3-7
    • limited to E. faecalis sensitive to ampicillin
    • doripenem
    • imipenem+Cilastatin
    • Meropenem
  56. Ertapenem
    • 1, 3, 5, 7
    • carbapenem
  57. Aztreonam
    • 5, 6
    • Monobactams

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